State of Grão-Pará and Maranhão
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|State of Grão-Pará and Maranhão|
|Estado do Grão-Pará e Maranhão|
|State of the Portuguese Empire|
|Capital||Santa Maria de Belém|
|•||1751–1759||Francisco Xavier de Mendonça Furtado|
|•||1763–1772||Fernando da Costa de Ataíde Teive|
The state was created on 31 July 1751 by order of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal, the Secretary of the State for Joseph I of Portugal.
The state was the successor to the State of Maranhão. While there were limited territorial changes, Maranhão was politically and economically restructured and its capital was moved from São Luís, in the Captaincy of Maranhão, to Santa Maria de Belém, in the Captaincy of Pará, which was raised to a unified state with Maranhão and had its name changed to Grão-Pará (English: Great wide river).
The purpose of creating this state was to stimulate economic activities.
The State of Grão-Pará and Maranhão, for the most part, retained all the same captaincies from the State of Maranhão:
- Captaincy of Maranhão
- Captaincy of Pará
- Captaincy of Piauí
- Captaincy of Ceará
- Captaincy of Tapuitapera
- Captaincy of Caeté
- Captaincy of Cametá
- Captaincy of Cabo Norte
- Captaincy of Marajó
- Captaincy of Xingu