State of Independence

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"State of Independence"
Jon & Vangelis State of Independence 1984 single cover.jpg
1984 reissue cover
Single by Jon & Vangelis
from the album The Friends of Mr Cairo
B-side"Beside"
Released1981 (1981)
Recorded1981
GenreElectronica, pop
LabelPolydor
Composer(s)Vangelis
Lyricist(s)Jon Anderson
Producer(s)Vangelis

"State of Independence" is a song written by Jon Anderson and Vangelis. The song is written in a reggae/calypso style and features an abstract spiritual lyric.

Originally recorded by Jon and Vangelis for their 1981 album The Friends of Mr Cairo, "State of Independence" was released as a single the same year but did not chart. The song subsequently became better known when Donna Summer released a cover version a year later in 1982, which became a Top Twenty UK single (and repeated the same feat 14 years later when issued as a remixed version in 1996) and becoming a Number One hit in the Netherlands. In 1992, a third version of the song — retitled "Spiritual High (State of Independence)" — was recorded and released as a single by Moodswings, with vocals by The Pretenders lead singer Chrissie Hynde.

Original Jon and Vangelis version (and subsequent Anderson re-recordings)[edit]

Jon & Vangelis released "State of Independence" as a single in 1981, with "Beside" as the B-Side. It was re-released in 1984 and this version peaked at 67 in the UK Singles Chart.[1]

Jon Anderson recorded a new version of the song for his solo album Change We Must (1994) and a live acoustic version can be found on his Live from La La Land (2007). More recently, Anderson also performed the song live with the AndersonPonty Band.

Personnel[edit]

Donna Summer version[edit]

"State of Independence"
State Of Independence (U.K.).jpg
1982 worldwide picture sleeve
Single by Donna Summer
from the album Donna Summer
B-side"Love Is Just a Breath Away"
Released1982 (1982)
Recorded1982
Length5:50
Label
Composer(s)Vangelis
Lyricist(s)Jon Anderson
Producer(s)Quincy Jones
Donna Summer singles chronology
"Love Is in Control (Finger on the Trigger)"
(1982)
"State of Independence"
(1982)
"I Feel Love (Patrick Cowley Remix)"
(1982)

Original cover version (and reissue)[edit]

Donna Summer covered "State of Independence" on her 1982 album Donna Summer produced by Quincy Jones. It was released as the follow-up to her hit single "Love Is in Control (Finger on the Trigger)" in 1982. This version just missed the U.S. Top 40, peaking at #41. It did much better in Europe, including a one-week stay at number one in the Dutch Top 40, making it Summer's second chart-topper in the Netherlands. The single was reissued in Europe in 1990 following the release of the compilation album The Best of Donna Summer.

Summer's version is notable for its all-star choir which included Lionel Richie, Dionne Warwick, Diana Ross, Michael Jackson, Brenda Russell, Christopher Cross, Dyan Cannon, James Ingram, Kenny Loggins, and Stevie Wonder.[2]

1996 remixes[edit]

Following the dance chart success of the 1995 remix of Donna Summer's "I Feel Love", PolyGram issued a remixed version of Summer's recording of "State of Independence". The single, released both on 12" vinyl and CD on PolyGram's sub-label Manifesto, included mixes by Phil Ramocon, Sold Out, DJ Dero, Ralph Falcon & Oscar G, and Jules & Skins. It peaked at 13 on the UK Singles Chart in 1996, going one place higher than the original release, with the Dance mixes peaking at #1 in the UK Dance Music Charts. The Martin Luther King sample introduced by Eddie Gordon into the track was to emphasize the full independent meaning of the song as he understood it.

Chart performance[edit]

Weekly charts[edit]

Chart (1982) Peak
position
Australian Singles Chart 10
Luxembourg (Radio Luxembourg)[3] 8
Dutch GfK chart[4] 3
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40) 1
Irish Singles Chart[5] 10
Spain Radio (Los 40)[6] 26
UK Singles Chart[7] 14
US Billboard Pop Singles[8] 41
US Billboard Black Singles[8] 31
Chart (1990) Peak
position
Dutch GfK chart[9] 69
UK Singles Chart[10] 45
Chart (1996) Peak
position
UK Singles Chart[11] 13
Chart (2012) Peak
position
UK Singles Chart 143

Year-end charts[edit]

Chart (1982) Rank
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[12] 38
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[13] 31

Moodswings version[edit]

In 1992 the duo Moodswings released their album Moodfood (Arista), which scored a hit with a cover version of the single, retitled as "Spiritual High (State of Independence) Pt. II" with vocals by Chrissie Hynde (The Pretenders) and samples from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech. The single peaked at 47 in the UK Singles Chart.[14] Their version was later played during the closing credits on the soundtrack of Single White Female and it was also included on The Pretenders' Greatest Hits in 2000.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Official Charts Company - Jon And Vangelis - State Of Independence". Retrieved March 16, 2009.
  2. ^ "State of Independence by Donna Summer" at Songfacts (retrieved 30 June 2019)
  3. ^ Radio Luxembourg Singles, 11 November 1982
  4. ^ "dutchcharts.nl - Donna Summer - State Of Independence". Retrieved March 17, 2009.
  5. ^ "irishcharts.ie search results". Retrieved March 17, 2009.
  6. ^ Fernando Salaverri (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  7. ^ "The Official Charts Company - Donna Summer - State Of Independence". Retrieved March 17, 2009.
  8. ^ a b "allmusic - Donna Summer > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". Retrieved March 17, 2009.
  9. ^ "dutchcharts.nl - Donna Summer - State Of Independence (New Bass Mix)". Retrieved March 18, 2009.
  10. ^ "The Official Charts Company - Donna Summer - State Of Independence 1990". Retrieved March 18, 2009.
  11. ^ "The Official Charts Company - Donna Summer - State Of Independence 1996". Retrieved March 18, 2009.
  12. ^ https://www.top40.nl/bijzondere-lijsten/top-100-jaaroverzichten/1982
  13. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Single 1982" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  14. ^ "The Official Charts Company - Moodswings Featuring Chrissie Hynde - Spiritual High". Retrieved March 18, 2009.

External links[edit]