State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness

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State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness
STAAR logo official.png
Knowledge / skills testedReading, Writing (integrated to RLA tests)[1] Math, Science, and Social Studies
Year started2011 (2011)
Duration4 hours (except End-of-Course English tests which allow 5 hours)
OfferedStudents in grades 3-8 as well as high school
Countries / regionsState of Texas
LanguagesEnglish, as well as Spanish via STAAR Spanish

The State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness, commonly referred to as its acronym STAAR (/stɑːr/ STAR), is a series of standardized tests used in Texas public primary and secondary schools to assess a student's achievements and knowledge learned in the grade level. It tests curriculum taught from the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills, which in turn is taught by public schools. The test used to be developed by Pearson Education every school year, although the most recent contract gave Educational Testing Service a role in creating some of the tests,[2] under the close supervision of the Texas Education Agency.

The test was announced because the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (commonly referred to its acronym TAKS) assessment was repealed by Texas Senate Bill 1031 in spring 2007. The bill called for secondary schools (for grades 9-11) to take end of course assessments every time a student was at the end of taking a course, instead of taking general "core subject" tests. STAAR replaced the TAKS in the spring of 2012, although students who entered 10th grade before the 2011–2012 school year continued to take the TAKS.[3] This process is part of the TAKS to STAAR transition plan. In 2015 the last students had taken the TAKS test, so the first students will graduate with a completed STAAR end of course assessments. However, many policies from the TAKS are still withheld in the STAAR's policies for practical purposes.

Schools who receive funds from the state of Texas are required to enforce these tests among students who attend the schools. Any private school, charter school, and or homeschooling that does not receive monetary support from Texas is not required to take the STAAR test, and as of May 2012 can only take the TAKS test by ordering from Pearson Education (not to be confused with Pearson PLC)

On March 16, 2020, Governor Greg Abbott waived the STAAR for the 2019–2020 school year because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[4]


When Senate Bill 1031 was passed in spring 2007, it called for the TAKS to be repealed. In 2010, Texas Commissioner of Education Robert Scott, announced the successor to the TAKS, STAAR. The STAAR had intensified rigorousness and end of course assessments, instead of a unified 9th, 10th, and 11th grade Mathematics, ELA, Science and Social Studies test. Therefore, one would take an Algebra I test in order to pass Algebra I, and so on. During a speech at the Texas Association of School Administrators’ Midwinter Conference in Austin, Scott also said the last TAKS-based school accountability ratings will be issued in 2011. Ratings will be suspended in 2012 while a new accountability system is developed. The new state rating system will debut in 2013.

On March 16, 2020, Governor Greg Abbott suspended the STAAR for the 2019–20 school year due to school closures from the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Texas.[5]

On April 6, 2021, the Grade 4 Writing, Grade 7 Writing, and English I STAAR tests were postponed due to technical difficulties.[6]


Standard/core subject tests taken in grades 3-8
Grade \ Subject Reading Math Science Social Studies MREOC exam†
Grade 3
Grade 4
Grade 5
Grade 6 ✔‡
Grade 7 ✔‡
Grade 8 ✔‡
Note: Grade 9-11 now take end of course assessments. Though if a student wants to opt out of them, these can be replaced with substitute assessments like the ACT, SAT, TSI, and AP/IB.

Italics means a student must pass the reading and math STAAR tests to move up to the next grade level, unless they choose to opt out, and then they follow ‘did not pass’ path through the TEA SSI student success initiative framework, creating a GPC grade placement committee that can promote the student regardless of the student's pass/fail/opt out status.
† - means Math-related end of course exams (Algebra I, )

‡ - means that if taken, Mathematics STAAR test is optional.

The test formats are relatively the same compared to the TAKS test in 3-8 grade, however in 9-11th grade end of course tests will be taken to supplement the normal tests taken while the TAKS was still in effect.

The STAAR end of course assessments are, in their respective order:

  • English I, II
  • Algebra I
  • Biology
  • U.S. History

If a student in grade 8 or below takes Algebra I, Geometry, or Algebra II before grade 9, the student must take the respective end of course STAAR assessment as well as the standard STAAR tests given, but it is up to the school districts to determine if the student should take the STAAR Mathematics test or not; it is completely optional in this case. PSAT scores can also be used as substitute assessments.[7]

Testing procedure[edit]

A student will begin the test after instructions scripted by the Texas Education Agency are read aloud by the proctor/Test Administrator. The students have 4 hours to complete the test, except for the End-of-Course English tests which allow 5 hours. A lunch break or breaks for medical needs may be provided during the test administration, but during this time the students must be monitored to ensure they refrain from talking. Students may take breaks of their own volition, such as to go to the restroom but no additional time is allowed for such breaks.

When the student finishes, the student must remain in his/her seat(s) quietly. The proctor cannot help a student with the test but is allowed to help the student understand the instructions. The proctor is not allowed to access STAAR test content at any time except as mandated by a manual or documented needs of the student. Texas law provides for civil or criminal prosecution of someone divulging test content or student information. Most commonly irregularities are investigated by the school district, reported to the Texas Education Agency, and possibly referred to the Board of Educator Certification which may inscribe, suspend or revoke teaching credentials.

Any electronic devices in a student's possession must be turned off before testing begins. If a student uses a cell phone or other device to cheat or take pictures of test material during the test that student's test scores will be invalidated, and the proctor/Test Administrator of the student may have to explain how the irregularity occurred in a report to the Texas Education Agency. The proctor or student may face legal trouble as state law requires that the contents of the test are the property of the state and each student's personal information and test performance are protected for use only by those involved in the students' education.[citation needed]


The STAAR test has no version for students with modified instruction or receiving instruction through bi-lingual or English-as-a-Second-Language programs. However, students may be provided with accommodations, called designated supports if they are routinely used and meet eligibility guidelines created by the Texas Education Agency. The test is available in paper form or online. The online STAAR has embedded supports available that may not be fully replicated for students testing on paper. There is also an alternative test, the STAAR-Alt2, designed for students with profound cognitive limitations.[3]

Test development[edit]

The Texas Education Agency, Pearson Education (Texas' state assessment contractor), and Texas public school educators collaborate to create a STAAR assessment. First, educators from all over Texas review the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (the statewide curriculum)[8] to determine the objectives to assess on each grade level. However, there are usually guidelines to which questions should be tested. Student expectations that will be tested yearly are referred to as readiness standards and expectations that may or not be tested each year are referred to as supporting standards. There are rules that govern how many readiness and how many supporting standards will be used on the exam. Then educators determined how the objectives could be best assessed and developed guidelines outlining eligible test content and test-item formats. This information is transferred to the TEA and given to Pearson Education, who develops test items based on the objectives and guidelines, and the TEA reviews those items. Teacher committees[9] are brought to Austin to review the proposed test items, and finally the items are field-tested on some Texas students, called a "mock test." Using the input of the teacher committee and the results of field-testing, TEA and Pearson build the real STAAR. Very hard questions are usually removed from the test. A more detailed explanation[10] is available from the Student Assessment Division of TEA.[11] Most of the procedure follows the TAKS' development procedure.

Differences between predecessors[edit]

Like the TAKS test, STAAR employs standardized tests to assess students' skills in reading, writing, math, science, and social studies.[3] The TEA states that "The STAAR tests will be more rigorous than the TAKS tests and are designed to measure a student’s college and career readiness, starting in elementary school."[12]

The Texas Education Agency says that the STAAR program for grades 3–8 will assess the same subjects as TAKS did, but that for high school "...grade-specific assessments will be replaced with 12 end-of-course (EOC) assessments: Algebra I, geometry, Algebra II, biology, chemistry, physics, English I, English II, English III, world geography, world history, and U.S. history."[3]

Like the TAKS, the STAAR is mandatory every year, unlike the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills, which called for one-time testing for every student. The STAAR also has a new time limit, four hours (except for the English I/II EOc, which have 5 hrs), unlike its predecessors, TAKS and TAAS. A dictionary policy allows students to use dictionaries in the Reading or English tests, beginning in grade 6.


Unlike the previous TAKS test, the commissioner of education announced on April 24, 2012 that the new performance standards students that take end of course exams must meet are Advanced Academic Performance (Highly prepared, like the TAKS test's commended level), Satisfactory Academic Performance (Sufficiently prepared but not the best, like the TAKS test's passing level), and Unsatisfactory Academic Performance (Insufficiently prepared for the next grade and does not move on to the next grade).[12] However, Scott announced that the scoring system has been suspended for the 2011–2012 school year. There have been no announcements of grades 3-8 grading yet.

STAAR EOC Phase-in and Final Recommended Level II and Level III Standards and Minimum Scores[12]
Assessment 2012 & 2013

Phase-in 1 Minimum

2012 & 2013

Phase-in 1 Level II

2014 & 2015

Phase-in 2 Minimum

2014 & 2015

Phase-in 2 Level II


Final Recommended Minimum


Final Recommended Level II

2012 & 2013

*Phase-in Level III


Final Recommended Level III

English I Reading 1813 1875 1887 1950 1936 2000 N/A 2304
English II Reading 1806 1875 1880 1950 1929 2000 N/A 2328
*English III Reading 1808 1875 1882 1950 1932 2000 2135 2356
English I Writing 1798 1875 1872 1950 1921 2000 N/A 2476
English II Writing 1807 1875 1880 1950 1928 2000 N/A 2408
*English III Writing 1808 1875 1881 1950 1929 2000 2155 2300
Algebra I 3371 3500 3626 3750 3872 4000 N/A 4333
*Algebra II 3350 3500 3604 3750 3852 4000 4080 4411
Geometry 3362 3500 3619 3750 3868 4000 N/A 4397
Biology 3367 3500 3621 3750 3868 4000 N/A 4576
Chemistry 3348 3500 3600 3750 3846 4000 N/A 4607
Physics 3346 3500 3600 3750 3848 4000 N/A 4499
World Geography 3383 3500 3632 3750 3874 4000 N/A 4404
World History 3326 3500 3576 3750 3822 4000 N/A 4634
U.S. History 3372 3500 3624 3750 3869 4000 N/A 4440

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Guzman, Andy. "Reading Language Arts STAAR Sample Items". Welcome to Texas Education Agency. Texas Education Agency. Retrieved August 24, 2022.
  2. ^ Weiss, Jeffrey (May 2015). "Pearson loses most of contract for next four years of STAAR tests". Dallas News. The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on October 9, 2016. Retrieved May 29, 2016. After a delay of about two months past the initial timeline, the Texas Education Agency has announced its "notice of intent" for who gets the contracts for the next four years of STAAR and End of Course exams. The big winner was Education Testing Services, aka ETS.
  3. ^ a b c d "STAAR Resources". Texas Education Agency.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) (The structure of testing/scoring has been revised. This brochure's information is no longer valid.)
  4. ^ "Governor Abbott Waives STAAR Testing Requirements". March 16, 2020. Retrieved February 17, 2023.
  5. ^ Weinberg, Tessa (March 16, 2020). "Texas Gov. Greg Abbott waives STAAR test requirements amid COVID-19 school closures". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  6. ^ "Statement from TEA Student Assessment Division" (PDF) (Press release). Texas Education Agency. April 6, 2021. At 10:17 a.m. CDT today, districts were advised if they were having issues that they should stop online testing for the day while the vendor works to resolve these problems. Online testing will resume tomorrow.
  7. ^ "STAAR: The Next Generation" (PDF). Texas Education Agency.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Archived October 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Archived June 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Archived November 20, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Student Assessment Division". Texas Education Agency. October 2, 2007. Archived from the original on October 2, 2007. Retrieved October 2, 2007.
  12. ^ a b c "Texas Education Agency - Performance standards for STAAR to be phased in". Texas Education Agency. Archived from the original on April 27, 2012. Retrieved April 24, 2012.

External links[edit]