State park (Brazil)

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A state park (Portuguese: Parque Estadual) in Brazil is a legally defined type of protected area operated by one of the states. Their goal is to preserve important or beautiful natural ecosystems. Public access is allowed subject to regulations defined by the responsible agency.

Definition[edit]

State parks fall under the same regulations as national parks, defined by law 9.985 of July 2000.[1] The park's basic objective is preservation of natural ecosystems of great ecological relevance and scenic beauty. This enables the conduct of scientific research and the development of educational activities and environmental interpretation, recreation in contact with nature and eco tourism. The park is publicly owned, and private areas included in its limits will be expropriated when it is established. Public visitation is subject to the rules and restrictions set out in Unit Management Plan, rules established by the body responsible for its administration, and those provided for by regulation. Scientific research requires prior authorization from the agency responsible for managing the unit and is subject to conditions and restrictions established by the agency.[1]

State parks are classed as IUCN protected area category II (national park). They are administered by the government institute of each state responsible for the environment.[2] For example, in São Paulo they are administered by the Instituto Florestal (Forest Institute) and in Rio de Janeiro by the Instituto Estadual do Ambiente (State Environment Institute).[2]

Examples[edit]

Name State Area (ha) Created Biome
Acaraí Santa Catarina 6,667 2005 Atlantic Forest
Águas Quentes Mato Grosso 1,487 1978 Cerrado
Albert Löfgren São Paulo 174 1896 Atlantic Forest
Altamiro de Moura Pacheco Goiás 2,132 1992 Cerrado
Alto Ribeira Tourist São Paulo 35,712 1958 Atlantic Forest
Araguaia Mato Grosso 223,170 2001 Cerrado
Areia Vermelha Marine Paraíba 156 2000 Caatinga
Bacanga Maranhão 2,634 1980 Amazon
Baleia Minas Gerais 102 1988 Cerrado
Biribiri Minas Gerais 16,999 1998 Cerrado
Boguaçu Paraná 6,052 1998 Atlantic Forest
Cachoeira da Fumaça Espírito Santo 162 1984 Atlantic Forest
Caldas Novas Goiás 12,315 1970 Cerrado
Camaquã Rio Grande do Sul 7,993 1975 Pampas, Atlantic Forest
Caminho dos Gerais Minas Gerais 56,264 2007 Cerrado, Caatinga
Campina do Encantado São Paulo 3,200 1994 Atlantic Forest
Campinhos Paraná 337 1960 Atlantic Forest
Campos do Jordão São Paulo 8,341 1941 Atlantic Forest
Cantão Tocantins 90,018 1998 Amazon, Cerrado
Cantareira São Paulo 7,916 1962 Atlantic Forest
Canudos Bahia 1,321 1986 Caatinga
Caracol Rio Grande do Sul 25 1973 Atlantic Forest
Carlos Botelho São Paulo 37,644 1982 Atlantic Forest
Caverna do Diabo São Paulo 40,220 2008 Atlantic Forest
Cerrado Paraná 1,830 1992 Cerrado
Chandless Acre 695,303 2004 Amazon
Charapucu Pará 65,181 2010 Amazon
Corumbiara Rondônia 384,055 1990 Amazon, Pantanal
Costa do Sol Rio de Janeiro 9,841 Coastal Marine
Cristalino Mato Grosso 66,900 2001 Amazon, Cerrado
Cristalino II Mato Grosso 118,000 2001 Amazon, Cerrado
Desengano Rio de Janeiro 21,444 1970 Atlantic Forest
Dom Osório Stoffel Mato Grosso 6,422 2002 Cerrado
Encontro das Águas Mato Grosso 108,960 2004 Pantanal
Espigão Alto Rio Grande do Sul 1,332 1949 Atlantic Forest
Fonte Grande Espírito Santo 218 1986 Atlantic Forest
Forno Grande Espírito Santo 730 1998 Atlantic Forest
Fritz Plaumann Santa Catarina 741 2003 Atlantic Forest
Furnas do Bom Jesus São Paulo 2,069 1989 Cerrado, Atlantic Forest
Graciosa Paraná 1,190 1990 Atlantic Forest
Grão Mogol Minas Gerais 28,404 1998 Cerrado
Gruta da Lagoa Azul Mato Grosso 12,513 1999 Cerrado
Guajará-Mirim Rondônia 216,568 1990 Amazon
Guariba Amazonas 72,296 2005 Amazon
Guarita Rio Grande do Sul 350 1971 Atlantic Forest
Guartelá Paraná 799 1992 Atlantic Forest
Guirá Mato Grosso 100,000 2002 Pantanal
Ibitipoca Minas Gerais 1,488 1973 Atlantic Forest
Igarapés do Juruena Mato Grosso 227,817 2002 Amazon
Ilha Anchieta São Paulo 828 1977 Atlantic Forest
Ilha do Cardoso São Paulo 13,500 1962 Atlantic Forest
Ilha Grande Rio de Janeiro 12,072 1971 Atlantic Forest
Ilha do Mel Paraná 393 2002 Atlantic Forest
Ilhabela São Paulo 27,025 1977 Atlantic Forest
Intervales São Paulo 41,704 1995 Atlantic Forest
Ibiporã Paraná 74 1980 Atlantic Forest
Itapeva Rio Grande do Sul 1,000 2002 Atlantic Forest
Itapuã Rio Grande do Sul 5,566 1973 Coastal Marine
Itaúnas Espírito Santo 3,481 1991 Atlantic Forest
Itinguçu São Paulo 5,040 2006 Atlantic Forest
Jacupiranga São Paulo 150,000 1969 Atlantic Forest
Jalapão Tocantins 158,885 2001 Cerrado
Juqueri São Paulo 2,058 1993 Cerrado
Jurupará São Paulo 26,250 1992 Atlantic Forest
Lagamar de Cananéia São Paulo 40,758 2008 Atlantic Forest
Laje de Santos Marine São Paulo 5,000 1993 Coastal Marine
Lajeado Tocantins 9,931 2001 Cerrado
Mãe Bonifácia Mato Grosso 77 2001 Cerrado
Mananciais de Campos do Jordão São Paulo 503 1993 Atlantic Forest
Massairo Okamura Mato Grosso 51 2000 Cerrado
Mata das Flores Espírito Santo 800 1992 Atlantic Forest
Matas do Segredo Mato Grosso do Sul 178 2000 Cerrado
Matupiri Amazonas 513,747 2009 Amazon
Mendanha Rio de Janeiro 4,398 2013 Atlantic Forest
Mirador Maranhão 500,000 1980 Cerrado
Monge Paraná 372 1960 Atlantic Forest
Monte Alegre Pará 3,678 2001 Amazon
Morro do Chapéu Bahia 46,000 1998 Caatinga
Morro do Diabo São Paulo 33,845 1986 Atlantic Forest
Nascente do Paranapanema São Paulo 22,269 2012 Atlantic Forest
Nascentes do Rio Taquari Mato Grosso do Sul 30,619 1999 Cerrado
Natal Dunes Rio Grande do Norte 1,172 1977 Atlantic Forest
Nova Baden Minas Gerais 214 1994 Atlantic Forest
Paraty-Mirim Rio de Janeiro 1972 Atlantic Forest
Parcel de Manuel Luís Maranhão 45,237 1991 Coastal Marine
Pau Oco Paraná 905 1994 Atlantic Forest
Paulo César Vinha Espírito Santo 1,500 1990 Atlantic Forest
Pedra Azul Espírito Santo 1,240 1991 Atlantic Forest
Pedra da Boca Paraíba 160 2000 Caatinga
Pedra Branca Rio de Janeiro 12,394 1974 Atlantic Forest
Pedra da Risca do Meio Ceará 3,300 1997 Coastal Marine
Pedra Selada Rio de Janeiro 8,036 2012 Atlantic Forest
Pico do Itambé Minas Gerais 4,696 1998 Atlantic Forest, Cerrado
Pico do Jabre Paraíba 500 1992 Atlantic Forest
Pico do Marumbi Paraná 8,745 1990 Atlantic Forest
Pico Paraná Paraná 4,334 2002 Atlantic Forest
Pirineus Goiás 2,833 1987 Cerrado
Porto Ferreira São Paulo 611 1987 Atlantic Forest
Prelado São Paulo 1,828 2006 Atlantic Forest
Prosa Mato Grosso do Sul 135 2002 Cerrado
Quarta Colônia Rio Grande do Sul 1,848 2005 Atlantic Forest
Quineira Mato Grosso 31 2006 Cerrado
Restinga de Bertioga São Paulo 9,312 2010 Atlantic Forest
Rio Doce Minas Gerais 35,970 1944 Atlantic Forest
Rio Ivinhema Mato Grosso do Sul 73,345 1998 Atlantic Forest
Rio da Onça Paraná 1,660 1981 Atlantic Forest
Rio Negro North Section Amazonas 146,028 1995 Amazon
Rio Negro South Section Amazonas 86,601 1995 Amazon
Rio do Peixe São Paulo 7,720 2002 Atlantic Forest
Rio Preto Minas Gerais 12,184 1994 Cerrado
Rio Turvo São Paulo 73,894 2008 Atlantic Forest
Rio Vermelho Santa Catarina 1,532 2007 Atlantic Forest
Roberto Ribas Lange Paraná 2,698 1994 Atlantic Forest
São Camilo Paraná 385 1990 Cerrado
Serra Aracá Amazonas 1,818,700 1990 Amazon
Serra Azul Mato Grosso 11,002 1994 Cerrado
Serra da Baitaca Paraná 3,053 2002 Atlantic Forest
Serra do Cabral Minas Gerais 22,494 2005 Cerrado
Serra da Concórdia Rio de Janeiro 5,952 2002 Atlantic Forest
Serra do Conduru Bahia 9,275 1997 Atlantic Forest
Serra Dourada Goiás 28,625 2003 Cerrado
Serra Furada Santa Catarina 1,330 1980 Atlantic Forest
Serra do Mar São Paulo 315,000 1977 Atlantic Forest
Serra dos Martírios/Andorinhas Pará 24,897 1996 Amazon, cerrado
Serra Negra Minas Gerais 13,654 1998 Atlantic Forest
Serra Nova Minas Gerais 49,830 2003 Cerrado
Serra do Papagaio Minas Gerais 22,917 1998 Atlantic Forest
Serra Parecis Rondônia 38,950 1990 Amazon
Serra dos Reis Rondônia 36,442 1995 Amazon
Serra dos Reis A Rondônia 2,244 1996 Amazon
Serra Ricardo Franco Mato Grosso 158,621 1997 Cerrado, Amazon
Serra do Rola-Moça Minas Gerais 3,941 1994 Cerrado, Atlantic Forest
Serra de Santa Bárbara Mato Grosso 120,092 1997 Amazon
Serra do Tabuleiro Santa Catarina 84,130 1975 Atlantic Forest
Serra da Tiririca Rio de Janeiro 3,493 1991 Atlantic Forest
Sete Passagens Bahia 2,821 2000 Atlantic Forest, Caatinga
Sítio Rangedor Maranhão 121 2005 Amazon
Sucunduri Amazonas 808,312 2005 Amazon
Sumaúma Amazonas 53 2003 Amazon
Sumidouro Minas Gerais 2,004 1980 Cerrado, Atlantic Forest
Tainhas Rio Grande do Sul 6,655 1975 Atlantic Forest
Terra Ronca Goiás 57,018 1989 Cerrado
Três Picos Rio de Janeiro 46,350 2002 Atlantic Forest
Tucumã Mato Grosso 80,945 2002 Amazon
Utinga Pará 1,393 1993 Amazon
Vassununga São Paulo 2,071 1970 Cerrado
Vila Velha Paraná 3,122 1966 Cerrado
Xingu Mato Grosso 95,024 2001 Amazon
Xixová-Japuí State Park São Paulo 901 1993 Atlantic Forest
Zé Bolo Flô Mato Grosso 66 2000 Cerrado

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Brazil Travel State Parks, Brazil Adventure International, retrieved 2016-05-17
  • Lei No 9.985, de 18 de Julho de 2000 (in Portuguese), Presidência da República - Casa Civil- Subchefia para Assuntos Jurídicos, 18 July 2000, retrieved 2016-05-17