Statenville was founded in 1858 as seat of the newly formed Echols county. It is named for early store owner Henry Staten, but was erroneously incorporated as "Statesville" in 1859. By the 1980s, the state officially called it Statenville, as the locals always had. In 1995, a new state law revoked the city charter, along with dozens of others in Georgia who had inactive governments. This left Echols and Webster as the only counties in Georgia with an unincorporated county seat. The latest population, for Statenville Census Designated Place, was 1,096.