Stateroom (surveillance program)
STATEROOM is the code name of a highly secretive signals intelligence collection program involving the interception of international radio, telecommunications and internet traffic. It is operated out of the diplomatic missions of the signatories to the UKUSA Agreement and the members of the ECHELON network including Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Canada and the United States.
In almost a hundred U.S. embassies and consulates worldwide, Stateroom operations are conducted by the Special Collection Service (SCS), a unit that is jointly operated by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the National Security Agency (NSA).
- – Australian Signals Directorate (ASD), formerly known as the Defence Signals Directorate (DSD)
- – Communications Security Establishment (CSE)
- – Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ)
- – Special Collection Service (SCS)
- – Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB)
Note: The list of locations in the following section is non-exhaustive, and only includes publicly disclosed information.
The collection of signals intelligence by Australian embassies and high commissions occurs in capital cities across East Asia and Southeast Asia, namely: Bangkok (Thailand), Beijing (China), Dili (East Timor), Hanoi (Vietnam), Jakarta (Indonesia), Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), Port Moresby (Papua New Guinea)
In the 1980s, surveys were conducted by Canada's CSE agency to pick out Canadian embassies suitable to function as surveillance posts.
As of 16 March 2015, New Zealand's GCSB agency had a secret listening post, codenamed "Caprica", at the New Zealand High Commission in Honiara, the capital of the Solomon Islands. The "Caprica" outpost was reportedly modeled after the NSA's Stateroom outposts at selected United States Embassies across the world.
As of 2013, British embassies and consulates in the following capital cities are known to contain clandestine surveillance facilities:
Data collected by Britain is sent to a relay facility at RAF Croughton in Northamptonshire, England, before being transmitted to a data center jointly operated by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency and the U.S. National Security Agency in College Park, Maryland.
In the United States, the U.S. Special Collection Service (SCS) contributes to Stateroom. The SCS is jointly operated by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the National Security Agency (NSA). On 23 November 2013, the Dutch newspaper NRC Handelsblad released a top secret NSA presentation leaked by Edward Snowden, which shows the presence of SCS operations in numerous U.S. diplomatic missions located in the following cities: Athens (Greece), Bangkok (Thailand), Berlin (Germany), Brasília (Brazil), Budapest (Hungary), Frankfurt (Germany), Geneva (Switzerland), Lagos (Nigeria), Milan (Italy), New Delhi (India), Paris (France), Prague (Czech Republic), Vienna (Austria), Zagreb (Croatia).
In October 2013, reports by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden led to the revelation of the SCS having systematically wiretapped Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel's private cell phone over a period of over 10 years, among other activities to wiretap and systematically record large amounts of European and South American leaders' and citizens' communications.
Disclosure by Edward Snowden
"...These sites are small in size and in number of personnel staffing them. They are covert, and their true mission is not known by the majority of the diplomatic staff at the facility where they are assigned."
Damien Rogers, former senior adviser to the New Zealand intelligence agency Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB) said he was surprised to hear that the "Stateroom" codeword and location of associated sites are being published in the media, because such revelations would cause "anxiety and concern" for the directors of the five intelligence agencies of the UKUSA Agreement. Nicky Hager, a New Zealand investigative journalist who exposed the ECHELON surveillance system, confirmed that such surveillance operations have been conducted by the intelligence agencies of the Five Eyes for quite some time.
A spokesman for Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade said: "It is the long-standing practice of Australian governments not to comment on intelligence matters." Australia Prime Minister Tony Abbott told reporters that "Every Australian governmental agency, every Australian official at home and abroad operates in accordance with the law, and that's the assurance that I can give people at home and abroad".
Hua Chunying, a spokeswoman for China's Foreign Ministry, reacted angrily and demanded that foreign entities and personnel in China "strictly abide" by the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and other international treaties.
Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa protested against the surveillance program, and told the media that "such action is not only a breach of security, but also a serious violation of diplomatic norms and ethics, and certainly not in tune with the spirit of friendly relations between nations."
The Solomon Islands' Chief of Staff, Robert Iroga, said that the New Zealand Government's actions damaged New Zealand's image as a "friendly government" in the South Pacific. He added that communications within the inner circle of the Solomons Government was "highly secret information" that rightfully belong to the Solomon Islanders. In addition, Iroga accused New Zealand officials of bullying-behavior in trade negotiations and alleged that New Zealand had shared information regarding Taiwanese aid money with China.
- Global surveillance
- List of government surveillance projects
- Mass surveillance
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- Spiegel Online (28 October 2013). "Photo Gallery: Spies in the Embassy". Spiegel Online. Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
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- Hager, Nicky; Gallagher, Ryan (16 March 2015). "GCSB had Solomons post, papers show". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
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- Floor Boon; Steven Derix; Huib Modderkolk (23 November 2013). "NSA infected 50,000 computer networks with malicious software". NRC Handelsblad. Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
- Spiegel Staff (27 October 2013). "Cover Story: How NSA Spied on Merkel Cell Phone from Berlin Embassy". Spiegel Online. Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014., pages 2 and 3 at archive.
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- David Blair (5 November 2013). "Germany calls in British ambassador over Berlin spying claim". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- Fisher, David (15 March 2015). "GCSB spied on inner circle of former Solomon Islands PM and anti-corruption campaigner". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- "New Zealand response to Solomons spying documents 'hypocritical'". Radio New Zealand. 23 March 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
- Gelineau, Kristen. "Indonesia Summons Aussie Ambassador over Spy Claim". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 27 January 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2013.