States and regions of Somalia
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politics and government of
In May 1991, regions in northwestern Somalia declared the Republic of Somaliland (which aims for independence, although not recognized by any government). The regions of northeastern state of Puntland formed in 1998. Galmudug is another regional administration that emerged in central somlaia. Jubaland in the far south is a fourth state region within Somalia. In November 2014, a new South West Somalia was likewise established. In October 2016, a formation conference was also launched for a new Hirshabelle state.
The Federal Parliament is tasked with selecting the ultimate number and boundaries of the autonomous regional states (officially, Federal Member States) within the Federal Republic of Somalia. To this end, the legislature in December 2014 passed a law establishing the Boundary and Federalization Commission. The body is mandated with determining the boundaries of the country's constituent Federal Member States, as well as arbitrating between these regional states on their respective jurisdiction.
Federal member states
Note: Somaliland declared independence in 1991 and has no relations with the Government of Somalia. Despite that, no country has recognized Somaliland's independence. The Government of Somalia considers Somaliland as a federal member state.
Below are the regions of Somalia, along with their capitals shown in brackets:
- Awdal (Borama)
- Bakool (Bakool)
- Banadir (Mogadisho)
- Bari (Bosaso)
- Bay (Baidoa)
- Galgaduud (Dhusamareb)
- Gedo (Garbahaarreey)
- Hiiraan (Beledweyn)
- Lower Juba (Kismayo)
- Lower Shabelle (Jowhar)
- Middle Juba (Bu'ale)
- Middle Shebelle (Jowhar)
- Mudug (Galkayo)
- Nugal (Garowe)
- Sanaag (Erigavo)
- Sool (Las Anod)
- Togdheer (Burao)
- Woqooyi Galbeed (Hargeisa)
Unrecognized and proposed states
Note: Awdalland and Zeila & Lughaya States hold competing claims over the Awdal Region. Both states are not recognized by the government of Somalia
Note: Khatumo State is not recognised by Puntland, the Somali government, or Self Declared Republic of Somaliland.
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