List of states headed by Elizabeth II

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Map of realms and territories
The realms, territories, and protectorates of Elizabeth II since 1952
  Current realms
  Former realms
  Current territories and dependencies[1]
  Former territories, dependencies and protectorates

The number of states headed by Queen Elizabeth II has varied during her 69 years on the throne, altogether seeing her as sovereign of a total of 32 independent countries during this period. In her capacity as Queen of the United Kingdom (including the British overseas territories), she is also monarch of three Crown dependenciesthe Channel Island of Guernsey and Jersey (as the Duke of Normandy), and the Isle of Man (as the Lord of Mann) — and, in her capacity as Queen of New Zealand, she is monarch of two associated states—the Cook Islands and Niue—since they acquired this status in 1965 and 1974, respectively.

Two situations in two countries differ from the others. The government of the unrecognised state of Rhodesia proclaimed its allegiance to Elizabeth II as queen of Rhodesia from 1965 to 1970. However, she did not accept either the role or the title and it was not accepted or recognised by any other state. Fiji became a republic through a military coup in 1987, after which its Great Council of Chiefs continued to recognise Elizabeth II as queen, or Paramount Chief of Fiji, until the council's de-establishment on 14 March 2012.[2] However, this was only a ceremonial title, with no role in government at all.[3]

  Current realms
  Former realms
  Ceremonial title (Fiji)
  Unrecognised realm (Rhodesia)
1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020
Antigua and Barbuda Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg
Australia Flag of Australia.svg
The Bahamas Flag of the Bahamas.svg
Barbados Flag of Barbados.svg
Belize Flag of Belize.svg
Canada Flag of Canada.svg
Ceylon Flag of Ceylon (1951–1972).svg
Fiji Flag of Fiji.svg
The Gambia Flag of The Gambia.svg
Ghana Flag of Ghana.svg
Grenada Flag of Grenada.svg
Guyana Flag of Guyana.svg
Jamaica Flag of Jamaica.svg
Kenya Flag of Kenya.svg
Malawi Flag of Malawi.svg
Malta Flag of Malta.svg
Mauritius Flag of Mauritius.svg
New Zealand Flag of New Zealand.svg
Nigeria Flag of Nigeria.svg
Pakistan Flag of Pakistan.svg
Papua New Guinea Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg
Rhodesia Flag of Rhodesia (1968–1979).svg
Saint Kitts and Nevis Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg
Saint Lucia Flag of Saint Lucia.svg
St Vincent and the Grenadines Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg
Sierra Leone Flag of Sierra Leone.svg
Solomon Islands Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg
South Africa Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg
Tanganyika Flag of Tanganyika (1961–1964).svg
Trinidad and Tobago Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg
Tuvalu Flag of Tuvalu.svg
Uganda Flag of Uganda.svg
United Kingdom Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020

See also[edit]


  1. ^ British Overseas Territories, Crown dependencies, Sovereign Base Areas, Australian external territories, and territories and associated states of New Zealand
  2. ^[full citation needed]
  3. ^ "Fiji chiefs say Britain's Elizabeth still Queen of Fiji". Radio New Zealand International. 19 November 2002. Retrieved 13 November 2011.