States of India by Urdu speakers

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As per Government of India census data of 2001, the total number of Urdu speakers in India were 61,536,111 (of which 51,533,954 spoke Urdu and 2,157 other dialects such as Bhojpuri,Maithili,Awadhi,Magadhi & many other forms of Hindi.[1][2]

Urdu is officially recognized in India and has official status in the National Capital Territory of Delhi to which the language has remained deeply attached through its medieval history of Muslim sultanates and empires, and the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar,[3] Telangana, Jammu and Kashmir.

Regional distribution[edit]

Following is a list of States and Union Territories of India by speakers of Urdu census data with estimated 2011 speakers.[4][5]

Rank State Urdu speakers
Persons Males Females
India 86,061,078 46,837,143 45,698,968
1 Uttar Pradesh (Every single Uttar pradeshi Muslim's native language is Urdu) 40,272,080 20,947,596 19,324,484
2 Bihar 16,757,548 8,891,011 8,566,537
3 Telangana (Combined with Urdu speakers of Andhra Pradesh) 8,575,033 4,351,545 4,223,488
4 Maharashtra 6,895,501 3,247,547 3,247,954
5 Karnataka 5,539,910 3,430,719 2,109,191
6 Jharkhand 3,324,411 2,206,458 1,117,953
7 Madhya Pradesh 3,186,364 2,180,019 1,006,345
8 Delhi 2,674,333 1,373,117 1,301,216
9 West Bengal 1,653,739 914,087 739,652
10 Rajasthan 1,462,983 781,000 681,002
11 Gujarat 1,350,630 687,723 663,907
12 Tamil Nadu 1,342,299 473,914 468,385
13 Orissa 611,509 311,692 299,817
14 Uttarakhand 497,081 265,152 231,929
15 Haryana 260,687 140,038 120,649
16 Chhattisgarh 88,008 46,670 41,338
17 Goa 54,163 28,306 25,857
18 Punjab 27,660 16,971 10,689
19 Kerala 13,492 6,703 6,789
20 Jammu & Kashmir 13,251 8,293 4,958
21 Chandigarh 7,254 4,428 2,826
22 Puducherry 7,092 3,450 3,642
23 Himachal Pradesh 4,787 3,146 1,641
24 Assam 4,715 2,821 1,894
25 Sikkim 2,930 2,118 812
26 Meghalaya 2,531 1,509 1,022
27 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1,615 885 730
28 Arunachal Pradesh 1,258 883 375
29 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 994 590 404
30 Nagaland 759 562 197
31 Daman & Diu 574 388 186
32 Manipur 483 470 13
33 Tripura 313 253 60
34 Mizoram 98 84 14
35 Lakshadweep 26 14 12

For census data of 1991:.[6]

Speaker strength[edit]

Following is speaker's strength data of Urdu language for decades of 1971, 1981, 1991 & 2001:[7][8]

Language Persons who returned the language as their mother tongue Percentage to total population
1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
Urdu 38,620,895 44,941,435 53,406,932 61,536,111 81,061,078 5.22 5.25 5.18 5.01 6.70

Ranking[edit]

Following is ranking data of Urdu language for decades of 1971, 1981, 1991 & 2001:[9]

Urdu: its rank and percentage to total population
1971 1981 1991 2001
Rank % Rank % Rank % Rank %
6 5.22 5 5.25 5 5.18 5 5.01

Percentage change[edit]

Following is percentage change data of Urdu language for decades of 1971, 1981, 1991 & 2001:[10]

Language Persons who returned the language as their mother tongue Decadal percentage increase
1971 1981 1991 2001 1971-81 1981-91 1991-2001
Urdu 28,620,895 34,941,435 43,406,932 51,536,111 22.08 24.23 18.73

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]