List of states of Mexico

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The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which is officially named United Mexican States. There are 32 federal entities in Mexico (31 states and the capital, Mexico City, as a separate entity that is not formally a state).[1][2][3][4]

States are further divided into municipalities. Mexico City is divided in boroughs, officially designated as demarcaciones territoriales or alcaldías, similar to other state's municipalities but with different administrative powers.[5]

List[edit]

Mexico's post agency, Correos de México, does not offer an official list of state name abbreviations, and as such, they are not included below. A list of Mexican states and several versions of their abbreviations can be found here.

Federal Entities
State Official name[a] Coat of arms Capital Largest city Area (1,972,550 km2 total)[6] Population (2022; 126,261,000 total)[7] Municipalities Order of Admission
to Federation
Date of Admission
to Federation
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes Coat of arms of Aguascalientes.svg Aguascalientes 5,615.7 km2 (2,168.2 sq mi) 1,429,000 11 24 February 5, 1857[8]
Baja California Baja California Coat of arms of Baja California.svg Mexicali Tijuana 71,450.0 km2 (27,587.0 sq mi) 3,777,000 6 29 January 16, 1952[9]
Baja California Sur Baja California Sur Coat of arms of Baja California Sur.svg La Paz 73,909.4 km2 (28,536.6 sq mi) 732,000 5 31 October 8, 1974[10]
Campeche Campeche Coat of arms of Campeche.svg San Francisco de Campeche 57,484.9 km2 (22,195.0 sq mi) 931,000 13 25 April 29, 1863[11]
Chiapas Chiapas Coat of arms of Chiapas.svg Tuxtla Gutiérrez 73,311.0 km2 (28,305.5 sq mi) 5,550,000 124 19 September 14, 1824[12]
Chihuahua Chihuahua Coat of arms of Chihuahua.svg Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez 247,412.6 km2 (95,526.5 sq mi) 3,751,000 67 18 July 6, 1824[12]
Coahuila[b][c] Coahuila de Zaragoza Coat of arms of Coahuila.svg Saltillo 151,594.8 km2 (58,531.1 sq mi) 3,154,000 38 16 May 7, 1824[12]
Colima[d] Colima Coat of arms of Colima.svg Colima Manzanillo 5,626.9 km2 (2,172.6 sq mi) 804,000 10 23 September 12, 1856[14]
Durango Durango Coat of arms of Durango.svg Victoria de Durango 123,364.0 km2 (47,631.1 sq mi) 1,842,000 39 17 May 22, 1824[12]
Guanajuato Guanajuato Coat of arms of Guanajuato.svg Guanajuato León de los Aldama 30,606.7 km2 (11,817.3 sq mi) 6,175,000 46 2 December 20, 1823[12]
Guerrero Guerrero Coat of arms of Guerrero.svg Chilpancingo de los Bravo Acapulco de Juárez 63,595.9 km2 (24,554.5 sq mi) 3,548,000 81 21 October 27, 1849[15]
Hidalgo Hidalgo Coat of arms of Hidalgo.svg Pachuca de Soto 20,821.4 km2 (8,039.2 sq mi) 3,094,000 84 26 January 16, 1869[16]
Jalisco Jalisco Coat of arms of Jalisco.svg Guadalajara 78,595.9 km2 (30,346.0 sq mi) 8,355,000 125 9 December 23, 1823[12]
México México Coat of arms of Mexico State.svg Toluca de Lerdo Ecatepec de Morelos 22,351.8 km2 (8,630.1 sq mi) 17,001,000 125 1 December 20, 1823[12]
Mexico City[e] Ciudad de México Coat of arms of Mexico City, Mexico.svg Mexico City 1,494.3 km2 (577.0 sq mi) 9,215,000 16
(boroughs)
32 January 29, 2016
Michoacán Michoacán de Ocampo Coat of arms of Michoacan.svg Morelia 58,598.7 km2 (22,625.1 sq mi) 4,756,000 113 5 December 22, 1823[12]
Morelos Morelos Coat of arms of Morelos.svg Cuernavaca 4,878.9 km2 (1,883.8 sq mi) 1,981,000 36 27 April 17, 1869[17]
Nayarit Nayarit Coat of arms of Nayarit.svg Tepic 27,856.5 km2 (10,755.5 sq mi) 1,243,000 20 28 January 26, 1917[18]
Nuevo León[c] Nuevo León Coat of arms of Nuevo Leon.svg Monterrey 64,156.2 km2 (24,770.8 sq mi) 5,802,000 51 15 May 7, 1824[12]
Oaxaca Oaxaca Coat of arms of Oaxaca.svg Oaxaca de Juárez 93,757.6 km2 (36,200.0 sq mi) 4,139,000 570 3 December 21, 1823[12]
Puebla Puebla Coat of arms of Puebla.svg Puebla de Zaragoza 34,309.6 km2 (13,247.0 sq mi) 6,590,000 217 4 December 21, 1823[12]
Querétaro Querétaro Coat of arms of Queretaro.svg Santiago de Querétaro 11,690.6 km2 (4,513.8 sq mi) 2,374,000 18 11 December 23, 1823[12]
Quintana Roo Quintana Roo Coat of arms of Quintana Roo.svg Chetumal Cancún 44,705.2 km2 (17,260.8 sq mi) 1,865,000 11 30 October 8, 1974[19]
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí Coat of arms of San Luis Potosi.svg San Luis Potosí 61,138.0 km2 (23,605.5 sq mi) 2,835,000 58 6 December 22, 1823[12]
Sinaloa Sinaloa Coat of arms of Sinaloa.svg Culiacán Rosales 57,365.4 km2 (22,148.9 sq mi) 3,041,000 18 20 October 14, 1830[20]
Sonora[f] Sonora Coat of arms of Sonora.svg Hermosillo 179,354.7 km2 (69,249.2 sq mi) 2,950,000 72 12 January 10, 1824[12]
Tabasco[g] Tabasco Coat of arms of Tabasco.svg Villahermosa 24,730.9 km2 (9,548.7 sq mi) 2,411,000 17 13 February 7, 1824[12]
Tamaulipas[c] Tamaulipas Coat of arms of Tamaulipas.svg Ciudad Victoria Reynosa 80,249.3 km2 (30,984.4 sq mi) 3,534,000 43 14 February 7, 1824[12]
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala Coat of arms of Tlaxcala.svg Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl San Pablo del Monte 3,996.6 km2 (1,543.1 sq mi) 1,350,000 60 22 December 9, 1856[21]
Veracruz Veracruz de
Ignacio de la Llave
Coat of arms of Veracruz.svg Xalapa-Enríquez Veracruz 71,823.5 km2 (27,731.2 sq mi) 8,073,000 212 7 December 22, 1823[12]
Yucatán[h] Yucatán Coat of arms of Yucatan.svg Mérida 39,524.4 km2 (15,260.5 sq mi) 2,331,000 106 8 December 23, 1823[12]
Zacatecas Zacatecas Escudo de armas de la Ciudad y Estado de Zacatecas.svg Zacatecas Guadalupe 75,275.3 km2 (29,064.0 sq mi) 1,628,000 58 10 December 23, 1823[12]

Notes:

  1. ^ (except Mexico City):
    Estado Libre y Soberano de ("Free and Sovereign State of")
  2. ^ Joined the federation with the name of Coahuila y Tejas.
  3. ^ a b c The states of Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Coahuila became independent de facto in 1840 to form the República del Río Grande (English: Republic of the Rio Grande); never consolidated its independence because independent forces were defeated by the centralist forces.[13]
  4. ^ Includes the remote Revillagigedo Islands, which are federally administered.
  5. ^ Mexico City was a Federal District. On 29 January 2016, its status as the Federal District ceased.
  6. ^ Joined the federation with the name of Estado de Occidente, also recognized as Sonora y Sinaloa.
  7. ^ The State of Tabasco seceded from Mexico on two occasions: first on February 13, 1841, rejoining again on December 2, 1842; and the second from November 9, 1846 to December 9, 1846.
  8. ^ Joined the federation as República Federada de Yucatán[22] (English: Federated Republic of Yucatán) formed by the current states of Yucatán, Campeche and Quintana Roo. Became independent in 1841 constituting the second Republic of Yucatán and definitively rejoined in 1848.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Agren, David (29 January 2015). "Mexico City officially changes its name to – Mexico City". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  2. ^ El Diario de México. "La Ciudad de México no será estado, sino entidad federal autónoma" (in Spanish). Retrieved February 29, 2016.
  3. ^ "Artículo 43 de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos" (PDF).
  4. ^ "DF no es el estado 32, aclaran legisladores". Archived from the original on 2020-04-18.
  5. ^ "Constitution of Mexico City" (PDF) (in Spanish). Gobierno de la Ciudad de México. Retrieved 2021-02-08.
  6. ^ "México en cifras - Medio Ambiente - Superficie continental" (in Spanish). INEGI. January 2016. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  7. ^ "Censo de Población y Vivienda 2022 - SCITEL" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-01-26.
  8. ^ "Historical Summary of Aguascalientes" (in Spanish). Gobierno del estado de Aguascalientes. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  9. ^ "Transformación Política de Territorio Norte de la Baja California a Estado 29" (in Spanish). Gobierno de Baja California.
  10. ^ "44 Years Ago, Baja California Sur and Quintana Roo became States" (in Spanish). Gobierno de México. Retrieved 2021-02-06.
  11. ^ "156th Anniversary of Campeche's Statehood" (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Las Diputaciones Provinciales" (PDF) (in Spanish). p. 15.
  13. ^ "República de Río Grande, el País que no pudo ser" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2010-01-22. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  14. ^ "Universidad de Colima". Archived from the original on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  15. ^ "Commemorating the 169th Anniversary of Guerrero's Statehood" (in Spanish). Gobierno de México. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  16. ^ "History of the state of Hidalgo" (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  17. ^ "History of Morelos" (in Spanish). Gobierno del estado de Morelos. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  18. ^ "Anniversary of Nayarit's Statehood" (in Spanish). Gobierno de México. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  19. ^ "Historia de Quintana Roo" (in Spanish). Gobierno del Estado de Quintana Roo. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  20. ^ "500 años de México en documentos" (in Spanish). Biblioteca Garay.
  21. ^ "History of Tlaxcala" (in Spanish). Congreso del estado de Tlaxcala. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  22. ^ "La historia de la República de Yucatán".