States of South Sudan

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States of South Sudan
28 States of South Sudan.png
Category Federated state
Location Republic of South Sudan
Number 28 States
Government State government
Subdivisions County
Coat of arms of South Sudan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Sudan
Constitution
Foreign relations

The States of South Sudan were created out of the three historic former provinces (and contemporary regions) of Bahr el Ghazal (northwest), Equatoria (southern), and Greater Upper Nile (northeast). The 28 states are further divided into 180 counties.

In October 2015, South Sudan's President Salva Kiir issued a decree establishing 28 states in place of the 10 previously established states.[1] The decree established the new states largely along ethnic lines.[citation needed] A number[who?] of opposition parties challenged the constitutionality of this decree and the decree was referred to parliament for approval as a constitutional amendment.[2] In November the South Sudanese parliament approved the creation of the new states.[3] In January 2017, President Salva Kiir decreed a further subdivision of the country from 28 into 32 states.[4]

States 2015–present[edit]

The current 28 states of South Sudan grouped in the three historical provinces of the Sudan
  1. - containing the national capital city of Juba
  2. - earlier called Eastern Bieh
  3. - earlier called Western Bieh
  4. - earlier called Western Nile

States 2011–2015[edit]

The former ten states of South Sudan grouped in the three historical provinces of the Sudan
Flag State Capital Population
(2010)[5]
Area
(km²)[5]
Density
(/km²)
Region
Flag of Northern Bahr el Ghazal.png Northern Bahr el Ghazal Aweil 820,834 30,543.30 26.87 Bahr el Ghazal
Flag of Western Bahr el Ghazal.png Western Bahr el Ghazal Wau 358,692 91,075.95 3.94 Bahr el Ghazal
Flag of Lakes State.png Lakes Rumbek 782,504 43,595.08 17.95 Bahr el Ghazal
Flag of Warrap State.png Warrap Kuajok 1,044,217 45,567.24 22.92 Bahr el Ghazal
Flag of Western Equatoria.png Western Equatoria Yambio 658,863 79,342.66 8.30 Equatoria
Flag of Central Equatoria.png Central Equatoria Juba 1,193,130 43,033.00 27.73 Equatoria
Flag of Eastern Equatoria.png Eastern Equatoria Torit 962,719 73,472.01 13.10 Equatoria
Flag of Jonglei.png Jonglei Bor 1,443,500 122,580.83 11.78 Greater Upper Nile
Flag of Unity State.png Unity Bentiu 645,465 37,836.39 17.06 Greater Upper Nile
Flag of Upper Nile State.png Upper Nile Malakal 1,013,629 77,283.42 13.12 Greater Upper Nile
Flag of South Sudan.svg South Sudan Juba 8,923,553 644,329.37 13.85

Rebel declaration[edit]

On 22 December 2014, rebel leader and former vice president Riek Machar declared the 10 states of South Sudan dissolved and the formation of 21 new states in a federal system. The declaration was not recognised by the South Sudanese government.[6] The Sudan Tribune reported on 1 January 2015 that Machar appointed "military governors" for several of his declared states.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kiir and Makuei want 28 states in South Sudan". Radio Tamazuj. 
  2. ^ "Kiir pressured into taking decree to parliament for approval". Radio Tamazuj. 
  3. ^ "South Sudan's Kiir appoints governors of 28 new states". Sudan Tribune. 
  4. ^ "South Sudanese President creates four more states - Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". www.sudantribune.com. Retrieved 2017-03-01. 
  5. ^ a b "Statistical Yearbook for Southern Sudan 2010" (PDF). Southern Sudan Centre for Census, Statistics and Evaluation. Retrieved 2012-06-01. 
  6. ^ "Uganda: Citizens in Uganda Welcome Rebel Formation of 21 States". allAfrica.com. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "South Sudan: Machar Appoints Top Rebel Command, State Governors". allAfrica.com. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Maps of states of South Sudan at Wikimedia Commons