States of Venezuela

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States, Federal Dependencies and Capital District
Estados, Dependencias Federales y Distrito Capital (Spanish)
Localizador Politico de Venezuela.svg
CategoryFederated state
LocationBolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Number
  • 23 states
  • 1 Capital District
Populations146,480 (Amazonas) – 3,704,404 (Zulia)
Areas1,100 km2 (440 sq mi) (Nueva Esparta) – 240,000 km2 (92,000 sq mi) (Bolívar)
Government
Subdivisions

The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is a federation made up of twenty-three states (Spanish: estados), a Capital District (Spanish: Distrito Capital) and the Federal Dependencies (Spanish: Dependencias Federales), which consist of many islands and islets on the Caribbean Sea. Venezuela also claims the Guayana Esequiba territory which comprises six districts in the independent nation of Guyana.

The states and territories of Venezuela are usually organized into regions (Spanish: regiones), although these regions are mostly geographical entities and count with no administrative entities.

Historical states[edit]

Prior to the Federal War (1859–1863), the country was divided into provinces rather than states (see Provinces of Venezuela). The victorious forces were supposed to grant more autonomy to the individual states, but this was not implemented.

From 1863 to the early 1900s there were numerous territorial changes, including the merger and splitting of states, but from then until the 1990s the states were left unchanged. States that existed during this time included Guzmán Blanco State (1873–1889). Originally a renamed Aragua State, in 1881 the states of Miranda, Guárico, Nueva Esparta and the Vargas department of the Federal District were merged into the state. This was part of a territorial reorganisation reducing the number of states from 20 to 9, which was reversed in 1901.

The 1990s saw the creation of three new states: Delta Amacuro (1991), Amazonas (1994), and Vargas (1998).

Regions[edit]

Venezuela's territory is generally divided into eight geographical regions, which are mostly used for geographical, cultural and planning purposes but count with no active administrative body.

Region Spanish States
Andean Andina Mérida, Táchira, Trujillo
Capital Capital Caracas (Capital District), La Guaira (Vargas), Miranda
Central Centro Aragua, Carabobo
Central-Western Centro-Occidente Falcón, Lara, Yaracuy
Guayana Guayana Amazonas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro
Insular Insular Nueva Esparta, Federal Dependencies
Llanos Los Llanos Apure, Barinas, Cojedes, Guárico, Portuguesa
Eastern Oriental Anzoátegui, Monagas, Sucre
Zulian Zulia Zulia

States[edit]

Below is a list of the 23 states of Venezuela. The states are listed along with their correspondent emblems, data and location.

Flag State Capital Largest city Population
(2011)
Area
(km2)
Density per
km2
Region Map
Flag of Amazonas Indigenous State.svg Amazonas Puerto Ayacucho 146,480 180,145 0.81 Guayana Amazonas in Venezuela.svg
Anzoátegui Barcelona 1,469,747 43,300 33.94 Eastern Anzoategui in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Apure State.svg Apure San Fernando de Apure 459,025 76,500 6.00 Llanos Apure in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Aragua State.svg Aragua Maracay 1,630,308 7,014 232.44 Central Aragua in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Barinas State.svg Barinas Barinas 816,264 35,200 23.19 Andean Barinas in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Bolívar State.svg Bolívar Ciudad Bolívar 1,410,964 238,000 5.93 Guayana Bolivar in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Carabobo State.svg Carabobo Valencia 2,245,744 4,650 482.96 Central Carabobo in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Cojedes State.svg Cojedes San Carlos 323,165 14,800 21.84 Central Cojedes in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Delta Amacuro State.svg Delta Amacuro Tucupita 167,676 40,200 4.17 Guayana Delta Amacuro in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Falcón.svg Falcón Coro Punto Fijo 902,847 24,800 36.41 Central-Western Falcon in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Guárico.svg Guárico San Juan de Los Morros Calabozo 747,739 64,986 11.51 Llanos Guarico in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Vargas State.svg La Guaira La Guaira Catia La Mar 352,920 1,496 235.91 Capital Vargas in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Lara State.svg Lara Barquisimeto 1,774,867 19,800 89.64 Central-Western Lara in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Mérida State.svg Mérida Mérida 828,592 11,300 73.33 Andean Merida in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Miranda state.svg Miranda Los Teques Petare 2,675,165 7,950 336.50 Capital Miranda in Venezuela.svg
Bandera de el estado Monagas.svg Monagas Maturín 905,443 28,930 31.30 Eastern Monagas in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Nueva Esparta.svg Nueva Esparta La Asunción Porlamar 491,610 1,150 427.90 Insular Nueva Esparta in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Portuguesa.svg Portuguesa Guanare 876,496 15,200 57.66 Central-Western Portuguesa in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Sucre State.svg Sucre Cumaná 896,291 11,800 75.96 Eastern Sucre in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Táchira.svg Táchira San Cristóbal 1,168,908 11,100 105.31 Andean Tachira in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Trujillo State.svg Trujillo Trujillo Valera 686,367 7,400 92.75 Andean Trujillo in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Yaracuy State.svg Yaracuy San Felipe 600,852 7,100 84.63 Central-Western Yaracuy in Venezuela.svg
Flag of Zulia State.svg Zulia Maracaibo 3,704,404 63,100 58.71 Zulian Zulia in Venezuela.svg

By human development index[edit]

Rank State HDI 2019[1] Comparable country (2019 report)[2]
High human development
1 Flag of Caracas.svg Capital District 0.757  Azerbaijan,  Dominican Republic
2 Flag of Miranda State.svg Miranda 0.744  Lebanon
3 Flag of Aragua State.svg Aragua 0.738  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,  Suriname
4 Flag of Carabobo State.svg Carabobo 0.733  Jamaica
5 Flag of Nueva Esparta.svg Nueva Esparta 0.732
Flag of Vargas State.svg Vargas
7 Flag of Anzoátegui State.svg Anzoátegui 0.723  Libya
8 Flag of Bolívar State.svg Bolívar 0.715  Samoa,  Turkmenistan
9 Flag of Táchira State.svg Táchira 0.709  South Africa
10 Flag of Monagas State.png Monagas 0.702  Gabon
11 Flag of Falcón State.svg Falcon 0.701
12 Flag of Mérida State.svg Mérida 0.700
Medium human development
13 Flag of Zulia State.svg Zulia 0.697  Kyrgyzstan
14 Flag of Delta Amacuro State.svg Delta Amacuro 0.696
15 Flag of Amazonas Indigenous State.svg Amazonas 0.692
16 Flag of Lara State.svg Lara 0.691  Morocco
17 Flag of Cojedes State.svg Cojedes 0.688
18 Flag of Sucre State.svg Sucre 0.680  Guyana
Flag of Trujillo State.svg Trujillo
20 Flag of Yaracuy State.svg Yaracuy 0.677  Iraq
21 Flag of Guárico State.svg Guárico 0.673  El Salvador
22 Flag of Portuguesa.svg Portuguesa 0.657  Nicaragua,  Bhutan
Flag of Barinas State.svg Barinas
24 Flag of Apure State.svg Apure 0.639  Honduras

Special status areas[edit]

Flag State Capital Population
(2011)
Area
(km2)
Region Map
Flag of Caracas.svg Capital District Caracas 1,943,901 433 Capital Capital District in Venezuela (special marker).svg
Federal dependencies of Venezuela's Flag.svg Federal Dependencies Los Roques 2,155 342 Insular Federal Dependencies in Venezuela (special marker).svg

State name etymologies[edit]

Several states are named for historical figures:

Several states are named for natural features:

Other naming origins:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2021-07-28.
  2. ^ "Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene" (PDF). hdr.undp.org.
  3. ^ Simón, Pedro (1992). Noticias historiales de Venezuela. Caracas, Venezuela: Biblioteca Ayacucho. p. 128. ISBN 980-276-210-5.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]