States of the German Empire

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Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Principality of Reuss-Greiz Principality of Reuss-Greiz Principality of Reuss-Greiz Principality of Reuss-Greiz Principality of Reuss-Greiz Principality of Reuss-Greiz Principality of Reuss-Greiz Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg Principality of Reuss-Gera Principality of Reuss-Gera Principality of Reuss-Gera Principality of Reuss-Gera Principality of Reuss-Gera Principality of Reuss-Gera Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Thuringian states Thuringian states Thuringian states Thuringian states Alsace-Lorraine Grand Duchy of Baden Kingdom of Württemberg Kingdom of Bavaria Kingdom of Bavaria Kingdom of Bavaria Kingdom of Saxony Grand Duchy of Hesse Grand Duchy of Hesse Duchy of Anhalt Duchy of Anhalt Duchy of Anhalt Duchy of Anhalt Duchy of Anhalt Duchy of Anhalt Duchy of Anhalt Duchy of Anhalt Waldeck (state) Waldeck (state) Waldeck (state) Duchy of Brunswick Duchy of Brunswick Duchy of Brunswick Duchy of Brunswick Duchy of Brunswick Duchy of Brunswick Duchy of Brunswick Duchy of Brunswick Principality of Lippe Principality of Lippe Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Free City of Lübeck Bremen (state) Bremen (state) Bremen (state) Bremen (state) Bremen (state) Bremen (state) Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Oldenburg Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of PrussiaGerman Empire states map.svg
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The German Empire consisted originally of 27, and later (as of 1876) 26 constituent states, the largest of which was Prussia. These states, or Staaten (or Bundesstaaten, i.e. federal states, a name derived from the previous North German Confederation; they became known as Länder during the Weimar Republic) each had votes in the Bundesrat, which gave them representation at a federal level.

Several of these states had gained sovereignty following the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. Others were created as sovereign states after the Congress of Vienna in 1815. Territories were not necessarily contiguous, such as Bavaria, or Oldenburg—many existed in several parts (enclaves and exclaves), as a result of historical acquisitions, or, in several cases, divisions of the ruling family trees.

Kingdoms[edit]

The flags and coat of arms of all states, the Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine, and the Prussian Provinces.

Grand Duchies[edit]

Duchies[edit]

The coat of arms of the states, Naval Academy Mürwik.

Principalities[edit]

Free and Hanseatic Cities[edit]

Different from the above-mentioned monarchies these city-states were constitutionally organised as republics.

Imperial Territory[edit]

Different from all other aforementioned constituent states, this region, comprising territory ceded by France in 1871, was first administered by the central government, growing later into a republic of restricted autonomy only, with an elected state parliament of its own as of 1912.

See also[edit]