Statolatry, which combines idolatry with the state, first appeared in Giovanni Gentile's Doctrine of Fascism, published in 1931 under Mussolini's name, and was also mentioned in Gramsci's Prison Notebooks (1971) sometime between 1931–1932, while he was imprisoned by Mussolini. The same year, the encyclical Non abbiamo bisogno by Pope Pius XI criticized Fascist Italy as developing "a pagan worship of the state" which it called "statolatry".
Ludwig von Mises' Omnipotent Government (1944)
The term was also used and popularized by Ludwig von Mises in his 1944 work Omnipotent Government. Mises defines statolatry as being literally worship of the State analogous to idolatry (worship of idols). Statolatry asserts that the glorification and aggrandizement of 'State' or 'Nation' is the object of all legitimate human aspiration at the expense of all else, including personal welfare and independent thought. Expansion of the power and influence of one's State is to be achieved, if necessary, through aggressive war and colonial adventures (i.e. imperialism). It far exceeds the patriotism of those who recognize the rights of people other than themselves to self-determination, and might best be described as super-patriotism or chauvinism.
- The Beast (Revelation)
- Christian anarchism
- Christian libertarianism
- Civil religion
- Imperial cult
- Kingship and kingdom of God
- Mandate of Heaven
- No gods, no masters
- Political religion
- Render unto Caesar
- Rule according to higher law
- Secular religion
- We, a science-fiction novel by Yevgeny Zamyatin with a state cult
- New idols: Catholicism in the face of Fascist totalitarianism, Journal of Modern Italian Studies, Volume 11, Number 2, June 2006, pp. 143–170(28)
- Gramsci, Antonio (1971). Selection from the Prison Notebooks (Q. Hoare & G. N. Smith, Eds.). New York: International Publishers.