Memento Park

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(Redirected from Statue Park)
Memento Park
Main entrance of the Memento Park.JPG
Main entrance with Lenin, Marx and Engels
TypeHistorical theme park
LocationBudapest, Hungary

Memento Park (Hungarian: Szoborpark) is an open-air museum in Budapest, Hungary, dedicated to monumental statues and sculpted plaques from Hungary's Communist period (1949–1989). There are statues of Lenin, Marx, and Engels, as well as several Hungarian Communist leaders. The park was designed by Hungarian architect Ákos Eleőd, who won the competition announced by the Budapest General Assembly (Fővárosi Közgyűlés) in 1991. On public transport diagrams and other documents the park is usually shown as Memorial Park.

A quote by the architect on the project: "This park is about dictatorship. And at the same time, because it can be talked about, described, built, this park is about democracy. After all, only democracy is able to give the opportunity to let us think freely about dictatorship."[1]

Memento Park is divided into two sections: Statue Park, officially named "A Sentence About Tyranny" Park after a poem of the same name by Gyula Illyés, and laid out as six oval sections; and Witness Square (also called "Neverwas Square"), which lies east of the main park entrance and is visible without payment. Statue Park houses 42 of the statues and monuments that were removed from Budapest after the fall of communism.[1] Witness Square holds a replica of Stalin's Boots which became a symbol of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, after the statue of Stalin was pulled down from its pedestal, and is flanked by two single storey timber structures housing the internal exhibition space, their design being evocative of simple internment camp buildings.

Participants of a "Red Star Tour" in the Memento Park
The exhibition hall in "Witness Square", Memento Park, Budapest


After the fall of the Communist regime in Hungary in 1989, many of the Communist statues and monuments were immediately removed. These formed the basis for the current collection of statues in the park. On 29 June 1993, the second anniversary of the withdrawal of the Soviet troops from Hungarian territory, the park celebrated a grand opening as a public outdoor museum.

In 2006, a life-sized copy of the tribune of the Stalin Monument in Budapest was built in the Statue Park with the broken bronze shoes on top of the pedestal.[2] This is not an accurate copy of the original, but an artistic recreation by Ákos Eleőd.

In 2007, a new exhibition hall and a small movie theater were opened in the Witness Square of Memento Park. The photo exhibition called "Stalin's Boots" in the exhibition hall takes the viewer through the history of the 1956 revolution, of the political changes of 1989–1990 and of Memento Park, with both English and Hungarian captions. In the barracks-theater one can see The Life of an Agent, a documentary on the methods used by the secret police, directed by Gábor Zsigmond Papp. The film is shown in Hungarian with English subtitles.[3]

Sculptures, monuments and plaques[edit]

The Wall behind the Scenes[edit]

Image Sculpture name
(Original name)
Author Year Construction material Original location
Lenin statue at the Dozsa Gyorgy street, Memento Park.JPG Lenin
Pátzay Pál 1965 Bronze Felvonulási tér[4] (parallel to Dózsa György street and beside the Városliget city park)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels statue, Memento Park 2.JPG Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
(Marx és Engels)
Segesdi György 1971 Granite from Mauthausen V. ker. Jászai Mari square (at the main entrance of the communist party headquarters)[5]

The Endless Parade of Liberation Monuments[edit]

Image Sculpture name
(Original name)
Author Year Construction material Original location
Red Army soldier statue, Memento Park.JPG Liberation Army soldier statue
(Felszabadító szovjet katona)
Zsigmond Kisfaludi Strobl 1947 Bronze Part of the Liberation Monument at the top of the Gellért Hill[6]
Hungarian-Soviet Friendship Memorial, memento park.JPG Hungarian-Soviet Friendship Memorial
(A magyar-szovjet barátság emlékműve)
Zsigmond Kisfaludi Strobl 1956 Bronze X. Pataki square (today Szent László square)[7]
Laika ac Memento Park (10122272856).jpg Liberation Monument
(Felszabadulási emlékmű)
István Kiss 1971 Limestone XIV. Thököly street 141.
Liberation Memorial Stone
(Felszabadulási emlékkő)
Unknown 1960 Stone I. Dísz square
Laika ac Memento Park (10122264696).jpg Soviet Heroic Memorial
(Szovjet hősi emlékmű)
László Péter 1951 Limestone XII. Széchenyi hegy, Rege park
Laika ac Memento Park (10122154534).jpg Soviet-Hungarian Friendship
(Szovjet-magyar barátság emlékműve)
Búza Barna 1975 Pyrogranite X. Kőbánya-Óhegy, Barátság park
Soviet Heroic Memorial
(Szovjet hősi emlékmű)
Mikus Sándor 1970 Bronze XVI. Rákosszentmihály, Hősök tere (Heroes' Square)
Soviet Heroic Memorial
(Felszabadulási emlékmű)
Kalló Viktor 1965 Bronze XIII. Béke square
Soviet Heroic Memorial
(Szovjet Hősi emlékmű)
Megyeri Barna 1948 Limestone XVII. Kasztel András street

The Endless Parade of Personalities of the Workers Movement[edit]

Image Sculpture name
(Original name)
Author Year Construction material Original location
Lenin Relief at Memento Park.JPG Lenin Relief
Szabó Iván 1970[8] Bronze VII. Lenin square (today Erzsébet square)
Bust of Georgi Dimitrov in the Memento Park.JPG Georgi Dimitrov bust
(Dimitrov mellszobor)
Jordan Kracsmarov 1954 Bronze V. Dimitrov square (today Fővám square) 1954-1983
II. Dimitrov road (today Máraremetei road) 1984-1991
Dimitrov Statue, Memento Park (Valentin Sztracsev, 1983).JPG Georgi Dimitrov statue
(Dimitrov szobor)
Valentin Sztarcsev 1983[9] Bronze V. Dimitrov square (today Fővám square)
Béla Kun, Jenő Landler, Tibor Szamuely Memorial, Memento Park.JPG Béla Kun, Jenő Landler and Tibor Szamuely Memorial
(Munkásmozgalmi harcosok emlékműve)
Olcsai-Kiss Zoltán, Herczeg Klára, Farkas Aladár 1967[10] Bronze VIII. Kun Béla square (today Ludovika square)
Lenin statue from Csepel, Memento park 2.JPG Lenin
Unknown soviet sculptor 1958[11] Bronze XXI. Csepel, Vasmű (Iron Works) main entrance
Bust of Kalamar Jozsef at Memento Park (Gyenes Tamás, 1957).JPG József Kalamár Bust
(Kalamár József mellszobor)
Gyenes Tamás 1957 Bronze XXI. Kalamár József street (today Szent István street)
János Asztalos Memorial Plaque
(Asztalos János emléktábla)
Nagy István János 1968 Stone VIII. Nagyvárad square
Róbert Kreutz Memorial Plaque at Memento Park (Kiss Nagy András, 1977).JPG Róbert Kreutz Memorial Plaque
(Kreutz Róbert emléktábla)
Kiss Nagy András 1977 Bronze VIII. Asztalos János Ifjúsági Park (today Orczy Garden)
Béla Kun Memorial Plaque
(Kun Béla emléktábla)
Kalló Viktor 1989[12] Bronze XXI. Tanácsház square (today Szent Imre square)
Endre Ságvári Bust
(Ságvári Endre mellszobor)
Baksa Soós György 1949 Bronze V. Városház street 9-11.
Árpád Szakasits bust
(Szakasits Árpád szobra)
Marton László 1988 Bronze XI. Szakasits Árpád street (today Etele street)
Varga Imre Béla Kun memorial.jpg Béla Kun Memorial
(Kun Béla emlékmű)
Imre Varga 1986 Bronze, chromium, copper I. Vérmező-park[13]
Ferenc Münnich Memento Park.jpg Ferenc Münnich statue
(Münnich Ferenc szobra)
István Kiss[14] 1986 Bronze V. Néphadsereg square (today Honvéd square)
Ede Chlepkó Bust
(Chlepkó Ede mellszobor)
Szabó György 1980 Bronze XIX. Chlepkó Ede square (today Ötvenhatosok tere, roughly translated square of the heroes of 1956)
Kálmán Turner Memorial Plaque
(Turner Kálmán emléktábla)
Unknown 1959 Marble IX. Soroksári street
Kató Hámán Memorial Plaque
(Hámán Kató emléktábla)
Unknown 1959 Marble IX. Mester street 59.

The Unending Promenade of Worker's Movement Concepts[edit]

Image Sculpture name
(Original name)
Author Year Construction material Original location
Workers' and Soldiers' Council Memorial Plaque
(A Munkás és Katonatanács emléktáblája)
Unknown 1959 Marble I. Szentháromság street 2.
The Display of the Workers Militia Monument (Kiss Nagy Andras 1973).JPG The Display of the Worker's Militia Monument
(Munkásőr-demonstráció emléktábla)
Kiss Nagy András 1973 Bronze VI. November 7 square (today Oktogon) 2.
Workers' Movement Memorial at Memento Park.JPG Workers' Movement Memorial
(Munkásmozgalmi emlékmű)
István Kiss 1976 Steel II. Hűvösvölgy[15]
Makrisz 05.jpg The Hungarian Fighters' in the Spanish International Brigades' Memorial
(A spanyolországi nemzetközi brigádok magyar harcosainak emlékműve)
Makrisz Agamemnon 1968 Bronze and stone V. Néphadsereg square (today Honvéd square)[16]
Monument République des Conseils Budapest.jpg Republic of Councils Monument
(Tanácsköztársasági emlékmű)
István Kiss 1969 Bronze XIV. Dózsa György street (Felvonulási tér)[17]
The Republic of Councils Pioneers Memorial Plaque
(Béke őrei dombormű)
Ambrózi Sándor and Stöckert Károly 1953 Stone II. Pasaréti street 191–193.
Hungarian Communist Party Memorial Plaque
(KMP ferencvárosi szervezet emléktábla)
Unknown 1959 Marble IX. Soroksári street
Hungarian Communist Party Printing House Memorial Plaque
(KMP Nyomda emléktábla)
Unknown 1955 Marble IX. Ráday street 53.
The Heroes of Peoples' Power Memorial
(A néphatalom hőseinek emlékhelye)
Kalló Viktor 1983 Stone VIII. Köztársaság (Republic) square
Martyrs Monument by Viktor Kalló (1960) in Memento Park, Budapest.jpg Martyrs Monument
(Az ellenforradalom mártírjainak emlékműve)
Kalló Viktor 1960 Stone VIII. Köztársaság square
The Buda Volunteers Regiment Memorial
(A Budai Önkéntes Ezred emlékműve)
Mészáros Mihály 1975 Concrete II. Tárogató street
Kerényi Jenő 1951[18] Bronze XI. Budaörsi út – Balatoni út
Captain Steinmetz (mikus Sándor 1958), Memento Park.JPG Captain Steinmetz
(Steinmetz kapitány)
Mikus Sándor 1958 Bronze XVIII. Vöröshadsereg street (today Üllői street)[19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Sights: Statue Park". Memento Park Budapest. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  2. ^ "Memento Park – Budapest, Hungary Attractions".
  3. ^ "Sights: The Life of an Agent Film". Memento Park Budapest. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
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External links[edit]

Media related to Memento Park at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 47°25′35″N 18°59′56″E / 47.42639°N 18.99889°E / 47.42639; 18.99889