Statue Square (Chinese: 皇后像廣場; lit. "Empress' Statue Square") is a public pedestrian square in Central, Hong Kong. Built entirely on reclaimed land at the end of the 19th century, Statue Square consists of two parts separated by Chater Road into a northern and a southern section. It is bordered by Connaught Road Central in the north and by Des Voeux Road Central in the south.
The name is a reference to the statues, mainly of British royalty, which stood on the square until the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong during World War II. Today, the only statue on the square is the one of Sir Thomas Jackson, 1st Baronet, an early HSBC banker.
The square was built at the end of the nineteenth century on land reclaimed by the Praya Reclamation Scheme. The idea of a square of statues dedicated to royalty was conceived by Sir Catchick Paul Chater. Initially named "Royal Square", it gradually became known as "Statue Square", as it originally contained the statue of Queen Victoria, in commemoration of the Queen's Golden Jubilee in 1887. The statue of the Queen should have been made not in bronze but in marble, an error that was not discovered until the bronze statue was almost completed. It was officially unveiled at the centre of the square on 28 May 1896, the day officially appointed for the celebration of the 77th birthday of the Queen.
A statue of Sir Thomas Jackson, 1st Baronet, the chief manager of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation was unveiled in 1906. Apart from Jackson's statue and the two bronze lions in front of the HSBC building, the rest of the statues were displaced to Japan to be melted by the Japanese occupiers during World War II.
The Cenotaph, a replica of the Cenotaph in Whitehall, London, was unveiled on 24 May 1923 (Empire Day) by the Governor Sir Reginald Edward Stubbs. It was built on the northeastern section of Statue Square, facing the Hong Kong Club Building. This area is now only uncommonly referred to as part of Statue Square.
After the war, some of the statues were brought back to Hong Kong. Sir Thomas Jackson's now stands roughly in the middle of the square, facing the Court of Final Appeal Building. Queen Victoria's statue was placed in Victoria Park, and the two HSBC lions returned to the front of the HSBC building. The bronze statue of George V, also removed by the Japanese, was lost and never replaced after the war.
Since the 1980s, it has been a tradition for thousands of Filipina domestic workers to congregate in and around Statue Square every Sunday, their usual rest day of the week. A parallel tradition has since been developed in Victoria Park for Indonesian domestic helpers in Hong Kong.
The HSBC Hong Kong headquarters building is located along the southern side of the square, across Des Voeux Road Central. The site was previously occupied by the old City Hall (built 1869, demolished 1933) and smaller earlier generations of the HSBC Hong Kong headquarters building.
- Legislative Council Building, along the eastern side of the southern section of the square
- Hong Kong Club Building, along the eastern side of the northern section of the square
Several buildings with names reminiscent of British royalty were built on the western side of the square. Prince's Building and Queen's Building were built directly along the square (southern section and northern section respectively), while the others were built further west.
- Prince's Building 1904–1963, replaced by the current Prince's Building (1965)
- Queen's Building 1899–1961, replaced by the Mandarin Oriental, Hong Kong hotel (1963)
- King's Building 1905–1958, home to Marconi Wireless and now part of the footprint for Chater House
- St George's Building (聖佐治大廈) 1904–1966, home to Millington Limited and replaced by the current St. George's Building office tower (1969)
- Alexandra Building (亞歷山大行) 1904–1950, named for Princess of Wales, later Queen Alexandra, replaced by modernist Alexandra Building (1952–1974) and now Alexandra House (歷山大廈) (1976)
The square was initially bordered by Victoria Harbour on its northern side, but following land reclamation, it is now separated from it by Edinburgh Place, which housed the Star Ferry pier, among others, until 2007.
Today, the only freestanding statue on the Square is the statue of Sir Thomas Jackson. Additionally, a 2.7 m high blind-folded statue of Themis, the Greek Goddess of Justice and Law, stands on top of the pediment of the Court of Final Appeal Building, and is facing the Square. The statues that have been historically on display on the square include:
- statue of Queen Victoria. Unveiled on 28 May 1896. Taken by the Japanese during World War II and returned to Hong Kong in 1952. It is now in Victoria Park.
- statue of Prince Albert, added before 1902.
- statue of the Duke of Connaught. Donated by Catchick Paul Chater and erected in 1902. It was moved to the waterfront at Connaught Road Central and Pedder Street in 1907, near Blake Pier.
- statue of Sir Thomas Jackson, 1st Baronet, the chief manager of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. Unveiled on 24 February 1906 by the Governor Sir Matthew Nathan.
- statue of Edward VII. Donated by Catchick Paul Chater and unveiled on February 6, 1907 by the Duke of Connaught.
- statue of the Prince of Wales who later became King George V. Donated by John Bell-Irving, a director of Hongkong Electric Company and unveiled on February 6, 1907 by the Duke of Connaught.
- statue of Queen Alexandra. Unveiled on November 25, 1909. It was removed during the Japanese occupation.
- statue of Mary of Teck, Princess of Wales and future Queen Mary. Donated by Hormusjee Naorojee Mody as "a genuine token of the loyalty and esteem of the Parsis for their King and Queen". Unveiled on November 25, 1909. It was removed during the Japanese occupation.
- statue of Sir Henry May, 15th Governor of Hong Kong. Unveiled on 3 May 1923.
- the HSBC World War I memorial statue, "Fame". Unveiled on 24 May 1923.
In addition, statues of royalty and colonial administrators located outside of Statue Square included:
- statue of Sir Arthur Kennedy, in the Botanical Gardens (picture). Erected by public subscription following his death at sea in 1883, it was unveiled in November 1887 by the newly arrived Governor William Des Vœux and stood "above the second terrace looking down on the fountain". It was removed during the Japanese occupation, and never recovered.
- statue of King George VI, in Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens. Erected in 1941 and still standing.
In popular culture
Statue of Queen Victoria and its canopy at its original location in 1905.
Sealed canopy during the Japanese occupation.
Statue of Queen Victoria in Victoria Park.
Statue of Queen Alexandra in the 1930s.
Statue of Sir Henry May c. 1930.
Central MTR Station Exit K in 2009.
- History of Hong Kong
- List of urban public parks and gardens of Hong Kong
- Morse Park, named after a HSBC banker Arthur Morse
- The Statues of Statue Square, Hong Kong by Liz Chater, privately published July 2009
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- Wordie, Jason (2002). Streets: Exploring Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. pp. 27–33. ISBN 962-209-563-1.
- Bard, Solomon (2002). Voices from the past: Hong Kong, 1842–1918. Hong Kong University Press. p. 146. ISBN 978-962-209-574-8.
- Bard, Solomon (2002). Voices from the past: Hong Kong, 1842–1918. Hong Kong University Press. p. 87. ISBN 978-962-209-574-8.
- Clarke, David James (2001). Hong Kong art: culture and decolonization. Duke University Press. ISBN 978-0-8223-2920-6.
- Brief Information on Proposed Grade I Items, pp. 53–54 Archived 13 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- "1923 Unveiling the Cenotaph", Gwulo: Old Hong Kong website
- Wordie, Jason (2002). Streets: Exploring Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. p. 152. ISBN 962-209-563-1.
- Legislative Council Website Archived 28 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Wiltshire, Trea. [First published 1987] (republished & reduced2003). Old Hong Kong – Volume One. Central, Hong Kong: FormAsia Books Ltd. Page 8. ISBN 962-7283-59-2
- Arthur Hacker, "Statue Square: Arthur Hacker digs up the history on Hong Kong statues", CityLife
- Liz Chater, Details of statues in Statue Square, Gwulo: Old Hong Kong website
- "Royalties in Hongkong". The Straits Times. Singapore. 6 February 1907. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
- Gwulo.com: 1909 Unveiling statues in Statue Square
- Gwulo.com: Statue of Queen Alexandra (1909-1942)
- Carroll, John M. Edge of empires: Chinese elites and British colonials in Hong Kong. Harvard University Press. p. 163. ISBN 978-0-674-01701-6.
- Gwulo.com: Statue of Princess of Wales, later Queen Mary (1909-1942)
- "Fame", HSBC war memorial statue [1923–1942]", Gwulo: Old Hong Kong website
- "A Statue to Sir Arthur Kennedy in Hongkong", The Straits Times, Weekly Issue, 26 July 1883, Page 7
- K. E. Shaw, George Gray Thomson (1973). The Straits of Malacca, in relation to the problems of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. University Education Press. p. 192.
- Bard, Solomon (2002). Voices from the past: Hong Kong, 1842–1918. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 64–65. ISBN 978-962-209-574-8.
- The Film Services Office: Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens[permanent dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Statue Square.|
- Antiquities and Monuments Office: Statue Square
- Alain Le Pichon, "In the Heart of Victoria: the Emergence of Hong Kong's Statue Square as a Symbol of Victorian Achievement", Revue LISA/LISA e-journal [Online], Vol. VII – n°3, 2009. Online since 25 May 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- Ng, Chi-ho, "Metamorphosis of Statue Square", University of Hong Kong, 1994