Statue of Hercules in Behistun

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Statue of Herakles in Behistun
Herakles at Behistun, sculpted for a Seleucid Governor in 148 BCE.
City of Kushinagar in the 5th century BCE according to a 1st-century BCE frieze in Sanchi Stupa 1 Southern Gate.

Statue of Hercules is located in Mount Behistun and was discovered around 1957. It was built in 153 BC during the time of the Seleucid Empire or the Parthian Empire. Hercules is lying on a 2 m long platform and holds a bowl in his left hand. He has put his right hand on his foot. The statue is 1.47 m long and is attached to the mountain. The head of the statue was stolen twice, but discovered again. However, the current head is a double and the actual head is in Cultural Heritage, Handcrafts and Tourism Organization. At the time it was discovered, he had a penis, but after the Iranian Revolution it was broken down by locals. The statue was sculpted for a Seleucid Governor in 153 BCE.

Dedicatory inscription of Herakles[1]
(Behistun, 153 BCE)
Translation Inscription
(original Greek script)
Original inscription

In the year 164
in the month of Panemus (June)
[set this statue of] Herakles
Callinicos
did Hyacinthus, son of Pantauchos,
for the prosperity of Cleomene,
Commander of the High Satrapy.

ἔτους δξρ᾽, μηνὸς
Πανήμου, Ἡρακλῆν
Καλλίνικον
Ὑάκινθος Πανταύχου
ὑπὲ[ρ] τῆς Κλεομένου
τοῦ ἐπὶ τῶν ἄνω
σ[ατρ]απειῶν σωτηρίας
τῶν σατραπῶν

Herakles inscription at Behistun

References[edit]

  1. ^ HIB Greek text – Parthian Sources Online.

Coordinates: 34°23′00″N 47°26′00″E / 34.3833°N 47.4333°E / 34.3833; 47.4333