Statue of Trajan and the She-wolf
|Statue of Trajan and the She-wolf|
November 2011 (installed)|
April 2012 (unveiled)
|Dimensions||215 cm (85 in)|
The Statue of Trajan and the She-wolf is a statue by Vasile Gorduz located on the steps of the National Museum of Romanian History on Calea Victoriei in central Bucharest. It depicts a nude Trajan holding in his arms the Capitoline Wolf, which is doubled as the Dacian Draco, the war standard of the Dacians.
The 2.15-metre high statue is made out of bronze and has a weight of 500 kilograms. The cost of the statue was around 200,000 lei (45,000 €) The artist created three copies of the sculpture: another is located in Sevilla, Spain, on the banks of the Guadalquivir and another in Rome, in front of Accademia di Romania.
The sculpture depicts Trajan, the Roman emperor who conquered Dacia, the province located in today's Romania and considered one of the "parents" of the Romanian nation. In his arms, in fact appearing to levitate above his arms, is the Capitoline Wolf, the she-wolf in the founding myth of Rome. The head of the wolf is joined to the tail of a Dacian Draco.
The statue was created at the initiative of the Bucharest City Hall as part of a larger program of the City Hall called "Calea Victoriei - Cultural Trail", being recommended to them by Răzvan Theodorescu.
It is based on a plaster model made by Vasile Gorduz, currently owned by Artmark Galleries, while the bronze cast was made by artist Ioan Bolborea. The statue was installed in November 2011, but it was covered with plastic foil and it was only unveiled on April 29, 2012 by Sorin Oprescu, the Mayor of Bucharest.
The director the National Museum of Romanian History, Ernest Oberländer Târnoveanu, said he thinks it shouldn't have been placed there due to its "doubtful artistic quality" and appreciated that it won't stay there for a long time. On the other hand, Mihai Oroveanu, the director of the National Museum of Contemporary Art thought it's a "beautiful" and "very modern" work  and Răzvan Theodorescu called it a "symbol of our nation".
The statue was not well received by the Bucharesters, who met it with derision, due to the nudity and the awkwardness of Trajan's statue, being described as "a monument to Romania's stray dogs", with commentators wondering why "the dog is levitating", and why the animal wears a scarf "while the emperor isn't even wearing any underwear".
According to Deutsche Welle, the Bucharest public met it with a "stubborn conservatism which opposes any attempt to urban renewal", still having the stupefaction of the first visitors to the modernist exhibitions.
- "Statuia împăratului Traian, din centrul Capitalei, provoacă scandal între Oprescu şi Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a României. Unii o consideră frumoasă, alţii - ridicolă", Gândul, April 29, 2012
- "Porcăria de la Muzeul de Istorie. Forumiştii despre statuia lui Traian: "Maidanez rănit cu fular"", Evenimentul Zilei, May 2, 2012
- "Howls of derision in Bucharest as Romania statue unveiled", BBC, May 3, 2012
- "Traian şi turnirul ofenselor", Deutsche Welle, May 11, 2012