Statue of Unity

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Statue of Unity
एकता की प्रतिमा
StatueofUnity.png
An artist's impression of the planned statue
Statue of Unity is located in Gujarat
Statue of Unity
Location of construction site in Gujarat state
Coordinates 21°50′16″N 73°43′08″E / 21.83778°N 73.71889°E / 21.83778; 73.71889Coordinates: 21°50′16″N 73°43′08″E / 21.83778°N 73.71889°E / 21.83778; 73.71889
Location Sadhu bet, Near Sardar Sarovar Dam, Garudeshvar weir, Narmada district, Gujarat, India
Designer Ram V. Sutar
Type Statue
Material Steel framing, reinforced concrete, bronze coating[1]
Height
  • statue: 182 metres (597 ft)
  • including base: 240 metres (790 ft)
[1]
Beginning date 31 October 2013; 4 years ago (2013-10-31)
Dedicated to Sardar Patel
Website www.statueofunity.in

The Statue of Unity is a monument dedicated to Indian independence movement leader Vallabhbhai Patel[2] located in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is located facing the Narmada Dam, 3.2 km (2.0 mi) away on the river island called Sadhu Bet near Vadodara in Gujarat. The monument along with its surroundings occupies over 20,000 square meters, and is surrounded by a 12 square km artificial lake.[3] It is the world's tallest statue with the height of 182 metres (597 ft).[4] Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Rashtriya Ekta Trust (SVPRET), a special purpose vehicle was established by the Government of Gujarat for its construction and the outreach programme was carried out across India starting December 2013. Sardar Patel stood for the forcible accession of princely states that were unwilling to join India.[5]

Initially the total cost of the project was estimated to be about 3,001 crore (US$420 million) by the Government of India. Later Larsen & Toubro won the contract in October 2014 for its lowest bid of 2,989 crore (US$420 million) for the design, construction and maintenance. The construction was started on 31 October 2013[6][7] and completed in mid-October 2018. It will be inaugurated on 31 October 2018 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.[8]

Outreach[edit]

Patel is considered as one of the founding fathers of the Republic of India

The project was first announced on 7 October 2010.[9] Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Rashtriya Ekta Trust (SVPRET), a special purpose vehicle was established by the Gujarat government for construction of the statue.[5] The iron needed for the statue and other structures was to be collected from farmers of villages all around India in a form of donation of their used farming instruments.[10] SVPRET set up 36 offices across India to collect these iron instruments[5] wherein over 500,000 Indian farmers were expected to donate.[11] The drive was named the 'Statue of Unity movement'.[12][13] There was to be three-months-long nationwide campaign to collect iron pieces from six lakh villages to build the statue.[13] During this period, over 5000 metric tonnes of iron were collected.[14] Although it was initially announced that the iron collected will be used for the main statue, it later emerged that the collected iron will not be used in construction of the main statue and will instead be used for some other part of the project.[15]

The Statue of Unity Movement was organized a Suraaj (good governance in Hindi) petition wherein people wrote about their ideas for the good governance. The Suraaj Petition was signed by an estimated 20 million people, which was the world's largest petition signed.[12] A marathon entitled Run For Unity was held on 15 December 2013 in several places throughout India.[16] The marathon had a large turnout and sign-ups before the event reported thousands of registrations.[12][17][18][19]

Project[edit]

The monument statue represents Indian Freedom Fighter leader and the first Deputy prime minister of India Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel which is constructed facing the Narmada Dam, 3.2 km away on the river island called Sadhu Bet. The total height of the statue from its base will be 240 metre consisting base level of 58 metres and statue of 182 metres. It is constructed with steel framing, reinforced cement concrete and bronze cladding.[1] The statue needed 75000 cubic metres of concrete, 5700 metric tonne steel structure, 18500 tonne reinforced steel rods, 22500 tonne bronze sheets for construction.[7] In the first phase, a bridge connecting the memorial to the main land, a memorial, visitor centre buildings, a memorial garden, a hotel, a convention centre, an amusement park, research centres and institutes is being constructed.

The Statue of Unity is designed as a naturalistic and historically accurate representation of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, wearing characteristic garments, in a walking stance. Some highlights of this project:

  • Bronze cladding on the Statue.
  • Fast elevators to reduce transit time for visitors.
  • The three-level base of the Statue - exhibit floor, mezzanine and roof - will contain a Memorial Garden and a large continuous museum/exhibition hall, comprising exhibits that focus on the life and contributions of Vallabhbhai Patel.
  • The observation deck, situated at a height of around 500 ft from river bed, will accommodate up to 200 people at a time. It will provide visitors a panoramic view, enabling them to see the beautiful Satpura and Vindhyachal mountain ranges, the 212 km long Sardar Sarovar Reservoir, and the 12 km long Garudeshwar Reservoir. For the comfort of the visitors against high wind forces, a 400-ton Tuned Mass Damper system has been provided above the observation deck.
  • Access to the Statue via a 5 km boat ride.
  • A large modern canopied public plaza, overlooking the Narmada River and the Statue, comprising food stalls, ornate gift shops, retail kiosks and other amenities, that will provide visitors a well-rounded tourist experience.[4]

Finance[edit]

The statue was built on a PPP model, with most of the money raised by the Government of Gujarat.[20]

The Government of Gujarat had allotted ₹100 crore for the project in the budget for 2012-13[21] and ₹500 crore in 2014-15.[22] In the 2014-15 Union Budget, 2 billion (US$28 million) were allocated for the construction of the statue.[23][24][25]

Construction[edit]

A consortium of Turner Construction (project manager[26] of Burj Khalifa), Michael Graves and Associates and Meinhardt Group, is supervising the project. It took 56 months to complete the project; 15 months for planning, 40 months for construction and two months for handing over by the consortium.[4] The total cost of the project was estimated to be about 2,063 crore (US$290 million) by the government.[21] The tender bids for the first phase were invited in October 2013 and were closed in November 2013.[27]

The then Chief Minister of Gujarat Narendra Modi, (currently the Prime Minister of India) laid the foundation stone of statue on 31 October 2013, the 138th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.[9][28][9][20][29]

Indian infrastructure company Larsen & Toubro won the contract on 27 October 2014 for its lowest bid of 2,989 crore (US$420 million) for the design, construction and maintenance.[6][7] They commenced the construction on 31 October 2014. In the first phase of 2,989 crore (US$420 million) project, ₹1347 crore are for the main statue, ₹235 crore for exhibition hall and convention centre, ₹83 crore for the bridge connecting the memorial to the main land and ₹657 crore for the maintenance of the structure for 15 years after its completion.[6][7] Accenture provides digital media outreach programme. The monument is designed by Ram V. Sutar.[30][31]

The statue was completed in mid-October 2018.[32] It will be inaugurated on 31 October 2018 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.[33]

Issues[edit]

Local people have opposed land acquisition for tourism infrastructure development around the statue. They also claimed that Sadhu Bet was originally called Varata Bawa Tekri, named after a local deity, and so it was a site of religious importance.[28]

Environmental activists wrote a letter to central government that this project started implementation without environmental clearance from the ministry.[34]

People of Kevadia, Kothi, Waghodia, Limbdi, Navagam and Gora villages opposed the construction of the statue demanding back land rights of formerly acquired 927 acres of land for dam and the formation of Garudeshwar taluka. They also opposed formation of Kevadia Area Development Authority (KADA) and the construction of Garudeshwar weir-cum-causeway project. Government of Gujarat accepted their demands.[35]

When 2 billion (US$28 million) was allocated for the statue in the 2014-15 Union budget, several people and the political parties criticised the expenditure for the statue over other priorities like women's safety, education and agricultural schemes.[36][37][38][39] L&T has contracted with TQ Art Foundry; subsidiary of the Jiangxi Toqine Company based in Nanchang, China; for the bronze cladding of the statue. It was criticised by Indian National Congress, the opposition party in Gujarat Legislative Assembly.[40]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Gujarat: Sardar Patel statue to be twice the size of Statue of Liberty". CNN IBN. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  2. ^ Ashwani Sharma (1 November 2014). "14 Things You Did Not Know about Sardar Patel, the Man Who United India". Topyaps. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  3. ^ http://www.statueofunity.in/brochure.html
  4. ^ a b c "Burj Khalifa consultant firm gets Statue of Unity contract". The Times of India. TNN. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  5. ^ a b c "Statue of Unity: 36 new offices across India for collecting iron". The Times of India. TNN. 18 October 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  6. ^ a b c "L&T to build Statue of Unity, Centre grants Rs 200 crores". Indian Express. 11 July 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d "Gujarat govt issues Rs 2,97-cr work order to L&T for Statue of Unity". Business-Standard. 2014-10-28. Retrieved 2014-10-28.
  8. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/pm-modi-to-unveil-statue-of-unity-on-oct-31-rupani/articleshow/64908893.cms
  9. ^ a b c "For iron to build Sardar Patel statue, Modi goes to farmers". The Indian Express. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  10. ^ "For iron to build Sardar Patel statue, Modi goes to farmers".
  11. ^ "'District farmers to donate iron for Statue of Unity' - The Times of India". The Times Of India.
  12. ^ a b c "The Indian Republic". The Indian Republic.
  13. ^ a b "Pan-India panel for Modi's unity show in iron". The New Indian Express.
  14. ^ "Statue of Unity: 36 new offices across India for collecting iron - The Times of India". The Times Of India.
  15. ^ "Farmers' iron not to be used for Sardar Patel statue". dna. 9 December 2013.
  16. ^ "Large number of people run for unity". ToI. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  17. ^ "'Saffron' run for unity". ToI. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  18. ^ "United rush to fill enrolment quotas for 'Run for Unity'". ToI. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  19. ^ "Hundreds take part in 'Run for unity' in Bangalore". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  20. ^ a b "World's tallest statue coming up in Gujarat". Daily News and Analysis. 7 October 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  21. ^ a b "Gujarat's Statue of Unity to cost Rs25 billion". Daily News and Analysis. 8 June 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  22. ^ "L&T to build Statue of Unity, Centre grants Rs 200 crore". The Indian Express. 11 July 2014.
  23. ^ "Statue of Unity gets Rs. 200 crore". The Hindu. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  24. ^ "India's new budget includes $33 million to build the world's tallest statue". The Washington Post. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  25. ^ "India's Modi budgets $33 million to help build world's tallest statue". Reuters. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  26. ^ "Burj Khalifa - The Skyscraper Center".
  27. ^ BS Reporter (28 October 2013). "First phase of 'Statue of Unity' to cost Rs 2,063 cr".
  28. ^ a b "Ground gets set for Statue of Unity". The Indian Express. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  29. ^ "Interesting things you should know about 'The Statue of Unity'". The Economic Times. 1 November 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  30. ^ "Project teams - Statue of Unity".
  31. ^ "'Statue of Unity' To Be Completed In 2 Years: Renowned Sculptor Ram Sutar". NDTV.com. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  32. ^ "Statue of Unity ready for inauguration on October 31: 10 interesting facts about world's tallest statue". The Financial Express. 2018-10-13. Retrieved 2018-10-13.
  33. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/pm-modi-to-unveil-statue-of-unity-on-oct-31-rupani/articleshow/64908893.cms
  34. ^ "Statue of Unity project has no environmental clearance, say activists". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 23 December 2013.
  35. ^ "Statue of Unity: Govt bows to villagers' demands". The Times of India. TNN. 28 October 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  36. ^ "Budget 2014: Indians balk at ₹2 billion statue of Sardar Patel". The Times of India. AP. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  37. ^ Edited Deepshikha Ghosh (10 July 2014). "Budget 2014: 200 Cr For PM Modi's Sardar Patel Statue vs 150 cr For Women's Safety". NDTV.com.
  38. ^ "Budget 2014 live: 200 crore for Sardar statue sparks outrage on Twitter". Firstpost. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  39. ^ "Twitterati slam Rs 200 crore in budget for Patel statue The Indian Express". 10 July 2014.
  40. ^ "Statue of Unity to be 'made in China', Gujarat govt says it's contractor's call". The Indian Express. 2015-10-20. Retrieved 2017-04-09.

External links[edit]