Statutory city (Czech Republic)

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Prague, Capital of the Czech Republic

In Czech politics, a statutory city (Czech: statutární město) is a municipal corporation which has been granted city status by Act of Parliament. It is more prestigious than the simple title město ("town"), which can be awarded by the cabinet and chair of the Chamber of Deputies to a municipality which applies for it. Statutory city status is partially ceremonial; the mayor is called primátor, rather than the starosta of other municipalities. Statutory cities are allowed to subdivide into self-governing boroughs (sg. městský obvod or městská část) with their own elected councils; such a statutory city has to issue a statute (statut) that delimits power to boroughs. As of 2016 only seven of then total 25 statutory cities have done so. Also the capital of Prague, while not being de iure statutory city, is subdivided into similar self-governing boroughs.

History[edit]

The model, derived from its common origin in Austria-Hungary, was renewed after the fall of communism by the Act on Municipalities in 1990, which established 13 statutory cities in addition to Prague, the capital city which is a de facto statutory city. Unlike Austria, before districts of the Czech Republic were abolished only the three largest cities (Brno, Ostrava and Plzeň) constituted a district okres on their own; the others were a part (though always a capital, except Havířov) of a district with smaller municipalities. As the prestige associated with statutory city status grew, 12 additional statutory cities were created by the Act on Municipalities in 2000[1] and its four later amendments.

There are only two statutory cities, Havířov and Třinec, that are not seats of their eponymous districts.

List[edit]

Since August 2018, there are 26 statutory cities (plus Prague), comprising all Czech cities over 40 thousand inhabitants (and Třinec):

Name Population[2] Area (km²) Region Statutory city since
Prague flag with CoA.svg Prague 1,324,277 496 Prague “time immemorial”
Flag of Brno.svg Brno 381,346 230 South Moravian 1990
Flag of Ostrava.svg Ostrava 287,968 214 Moravian-Silesian 1990
Flag of Plzen.svg Plzeň 174,842 138 Plzeň 1990
Flag of Liberec.svg Liberec 104,802 106 Liberec 1990
Olomouc flag.png Olomouc 100,663 103 Olomouc 1990
Flag of Ceske Budejovice.svg České Budějovice 94,463 56 South Bohemian 1990
Flag of Hradec Kralove.svg Hradec Králové 92,939 106 Hradec Králové 1990
Flag of Usti nad Labem.svg Ústí nad Labem 92,716 94 Ústí nad Labem 1990
Flag of Pardubice.svg Pardubice 91,727 78 Pardubice 1990
Flag of Zlin.svg Zlín 74,935 119 Zlín 1990
Flag of Havířov.svg Havířov 71,200 32 Moravian-Silesian 1990
Kladno prapor.gif Kladno 69,337 37 Central Bohemian 2000
Flag of Most.svg Most 66,034 87 Ústí nad Labem 2000
Opava Flag.svg Opava 56,450 91 Moravian-Silesian 1990
Flag of Frydek-Mistek.svg Frýdek-Místek 55,557 52 Moravian-Silesian 2006
Karwina flag.svg Karviná 52,128 57 Moravian-Silesian 2003
Jihlava prapor.gif Jihlava 51,216 79 Vysočina 2000
Flag of Teplice.svg Teplice 49,731 24 Ústí nad Labem 2003
Chomutov prapor.gif Chomutov 48,635 29 Ústí nad Labem 2006
Flag of Decin.svg Děčín 48,594 118 Ústí nad Labem 2006
Karlovy Vary (CZE) - flag.gif Karlovy Vary 48,479 59 Karlovy Vary 1990
Jablonec-vlajka.svg Jablonec nad Nisou 45,773 31 Liberec 2012
Flag of Mlada Boleslav.svg Mladá Boleslav 44,740 29 Central Bohemian 2003
Prostejov prapor.png Prostějov 43,651 39 Olomouc 2012
Prerov.jpg Přerov 42,871 59 Olomouc 2006
Trinec vlajka.svg Třinec 35,002 85 Moravian-Silesian 2018

References[edit]

  1. ^ Act on Municipalities (2000); Předpis č. 128/2000 Sb. Zákon o obcích (obecní zřízení) (in Czech)
  2. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.