Stavangersk

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Stavangersk
Region Stavanger
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

Stavangersk, Stavanger dialect or Stavanger Norwegian (Norwegian: Stavangersk, Stavanger-dialekt (Bokmål) or Stavangerdialekt (Nynorsk)) is a dialect of Norwegian used in Stavanger.

It is close to Nynorsk, yet the official written language of the Stavanger municipality is Bokmål.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

  • /n, t, d, l/ are alveolar [n, t, d, l].[1]
  • As in Bergen and Oslo, younger speakers of the Stavanger dialect tend to merge /ç/ with /ʃ/.[2]
  • /r/ is realized as a voiced uvular continuant, either a fricative [ʁ] or an approximant [ʁ̞]. It can be voiceless [χ] before a voiceless consonant or a pause.[3]

Vowels[edit]

  • Long ⟨o⟩ (phonetically []) and long ⟨u⟩ (phonetically [ʉː]) can be strongly diphthongized to, respectively, [əu] and [əʉ].[4]
  • Short ⟨o⟩ is near-close central [ʊ̈].[4]
  • Short ⟨u⟩ and long ⟨å⟩ are close-mid advanced back [, o̟ː].[4]
  • Short ⟨å⟩ is open-mid central [ɞ].[5]
  • Long ⟨a⟩ is back [ɑː].[5]
  • Short ⟨a⟩ has the quality of the cardinal vowel [a], which is the most anterior realization of this vowel in Norway.[5]
  • The diphthong ⟨ai⟩ has a front starting point [æi].[6]
Diphthong phonemes of
Stavangersk[7]
Starting point Ending point
Front Central
unrounded rounded rounded
Mid ei øy øʉ

Tonemes[edit]

Phonetic realization[edit]

Phonetically, the tonemes of the Stavanger dialect are the same as those of Central Standard Swedish; accent 1 is falling, whereas accent 2 is double falling.[8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vanvik (1979), pp. 30–31, 34, 36.
  2. ^ Kristoffersen (2000), p. 23.
  3. ^ Vanvik (1979), p. 38.
  4. ^ a b c Vanvik (1979), p. 18.
  5. ^ a b c Vanvik (1979), p. 17.
  6. ^ Vanvik (1979), p. 22.
  7. ^ Ims (2010), p. 15.
  8. ^ Kristoffersen (2000), p. 238.
  9. ^ Ophaug (2014), p. 59.

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Berntsen, Mandius; Larsen, Amund B. (1925), Stavanger Bymål, Oslo: Aschehoug 
  • Rasch, Jacob (1957), Norsk ordsamling - Stavanger 1698, Universitetsforlaget, ISBN 9788200180098 
  • Svedsen, Martin (1931), Syntaksen i Stavanger bymål, Oslo: Aschehoug 
  • Westerlund, Selmer Ernst (1927), Den musikalske aksent i Stavangermålet, Oslo: Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi 

External links[edit]