West Frisian: Starum
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Stavoren, (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈstaːvərə(n)]; West Frisian: Starum; previously Staveren), is a city in Friesland, Netherlands, on the coast of the IJsselmeer, about 5 km south of Hindeloopen, in the municipality of Súdwest-Fryslân.
Stavoren had a population of 950 in January 2017. It is one of the stops on the Elfstedentocht (English: "eleven cities tour"), an ice skating contest that occurs when the winter temperatures provide safe conditions. A ferry for pedestrians and cyclists operates between Stavoren and Enkhuizen, with increased trips during summer months. The Friese Kustpad, a 131 kilometres (81 miles) long-distance trail to Lauwersoog, begins in Stavoren.
The historical Stavoren was granted city rights between 1060 and 1067, making it the oldest city in Friesland. It is mentioned in early texts as the burial place of the early kings of Friesland, including the first Christian king Adgil II (d. 730), who was a son of Redbad, the last pagan king who lived from about 670 to 719.
Stavoren began to decline in the late Middle Ages after a sandbank formed outside the harbour, blocking ships from entering and exiting. The appearance of the sandbank is the topic of the Dutch Renaissance folk-tale of the Lady of Stavoren. In 1657, the entire town was submerged in a great flood.
Before 2011, the city was part of the Nijefurd municipality and before 1984 Stavoren was an independent municipality.
- Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2017 on CBS Statline.
- Geschiedenis van het oude dorp Rottum, en andere bijzonderheden, Volume 1, p. 87. Fongers, 1857, National Library of the Netherlands (original from the University of Amsterdam). A digital version free e-book is at Google Books
- "Bernhard Buma was helemaal op zijn plek in Sneek". Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 June 2020.
Media related to Stavoren at Wikimedia Commons