Stayin' Alive

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Bee Gees song. For other uses, see Stayin' Alive (disambiguation).
"Stayin' Alive"
Artwork of the UK 7-inch vinyl single
Single by Bee Gees
from the album Saturday Night Fever
B-side "If I Can't Have You"
Released 13 December 1977
Format Vinyl record (7" 45 RPM)
Genre Disco[1][2]
Length 4:45
Label RSO
Certification see below
Bee Gees singles chronology
"How Deep Is Your Love"
"Stayin' Alive"
"Night Fever"

Music sample
Saturday Night Fever track listing

"Stayin' Alive" is a disco song by the Bee Gees from the Saturday Night Fever motion picture soundtrack. The song was written by the Bee Gees members (Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb) and produced by the Bee Gees, Albhy Galuten, and Karl Richardson. It was released on 13 December 1977 as the second single from the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack. It is one of their signature songs. In 2004, "Stayin' Alive" was placed at number 189 on the list of Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.[3] In 2004, it ranked No. 9 on AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs survey of top tunes in American cinema. In a UK television poll on ITV in December 2011 it was voted fifth in "The Nation's Favourite Bee Gees Song".[4]

Upon release, "Stayin' Alive" climbed the charts to hit the number one spot on the Billboard Hot 100 the week of 4 February 1978, remaining there for four weeks. In the process, it became one of the band's most recognisable tunes, in part because of its place at the beginning of Saturday Night Fever. In the US, it would become the second of six consecutive number-one singles, tying the record with the Beatles for most consecutive number ones in the US at the time (a record broken by Whitney Houston who achieved seven consecutive number-ones).


The executive producer of the soundtrack, Robert Stigwood (who was also the Bee Gees' manager), called them up and asked them to write a few songs for a soundtrack to a film he was planning. At this point, the film was in early stages and it did not have a title yet; in fact, all Stigwood had to go on was a New York cover story about discomania. They wrote "Stayin' Alive" over the course of a few days while sprawled on the staircase at the Château d'Hérouville studio in Paris. As with many other artists during the 1970s, the Bee Gees recorded a majority of the soundtrack in France for tax reasons. Due to the death of backing drummer Dennis Bryon's mother in the middle of the song's sessions, the group first looked for a replacement. The shortage of qualified drummers in this area of France prompted the group to try a drum machine—yet it did not offer satisfactory results.[2] After listening to the drum track of the already-recorded "Night Fever", the group and producer Albhy Galuten selected two bars from that track, re-recorded them as a recurrent loop on a separate tape, and proceeded with sessions for "Stayin' Alive". This accounts for the unchanging rhythm throughout the song. As a joke, the group listed the drummer as "Bernard Lupe" (a takeoff on session drummer Bernard Purdie). Mr. Lupe became a highly sought-after drummer—until it was discovered that he did not exist.[5]

RSO Records wanted the song to share the then-title of the film, "Saturday Night", but the Bee Gees refused a title change, insisting that there had been too many songs with "Saturday" in the title, and the album already had a song with the word "night" in the title—"Night Fever". Rather than change the name of the former song to match the film, Stigwood expanded the name of the film to encompass the title of the latter song. Over the years, the brothers have had mixed feelings about the song. On one hand, they admit it brought them tremendous fame; on the other, it led to their being pigeonholed as a disco act, despite a long and varied career before and after.[5]

Writing and recording[edit]

Several words from Robin Gibb's Concorde ticket inspired the Gibbs to write the lyrics for "Stayin' Alive". Robin recalls, "The subject matter of 'Stayin' Alive' is actually quite a serious one; It's about survival in the streets of New York, and the lyrics actually say that". Barry Gibb also recalls, "People crying out for help. Desperate songs. Those are the ones that become giants. The minute you capture that on record, it's gold. 'Stayin' Alive' is the epitome of that. Everybody struggles against the world, fighting all the bullshit and things that can drag you down. And it really is a victory just to survive. But when you climb back on top and win bigger than ever before, well that's something everybody reacts to everybody".[6] "We'd also written a song called 'Saturday Night'", Maurice explains, "But there were so many songs called 'Saturday Night' even one by the Bay City Rollers, so when we rewrote it for the movie, we called it 'Stayin' Alive'.[7]

Recording "Stayin' Alive" was not simple. Engineer Karl Richardson copied a choice few seconds of drumming from "Night Fever", cut out the piece of tape and glued the ends together, then fed it back into a recorder by a makeshift arrangement to create a new drum track. Drummer Dennis Bryon did not attend the recording of "Stayin' Alive". This track was finished at Criteria Studios, with Maurice laying down a bass line like Betty Wright's "Clean Up Woman", Barry and Alan on guitar riffs, while Blue Weaver added synthesizers, and the Boneroo Horns added their parts. Barry sings falsetto on the whole song, except on the line "life’s going nowhere, somebody help me".[5]

Albhy Galuten talks about the recording of "Stayin' Alive":

Barry and I listened carefully to find a bar that felt really good. Everyone knows that it's more about feel than accuracy in drum tracks. We chose a bar that felt so good that we ended up using that same loop on 'Stayin' Alive,' and 'More Than a Woman,' and then again on Barbra Streisand's song 'Woman in Love.' To make the loop, we copied the drums onto one-quarter-inch tape. Karl spliced the tape and jury rigged it so that it was going over a mic stand and around a plastic reel. At first, we were doing it just as a temporary measure. As we started to lay tracks down to it, we found that it felt really great-very insistent but not machinelike. It had a human feel. By the time we had overdubbed all the parts to the songs and Dennis came back, there was no way we could get rid of the loop.[8]

In their work together, Gibb and Galuten had tried playing with click tracks as Galuten explained:

While today's musicians know how to get a good groove with the click, back then, if you used a click track you rarely got a good feel. The loop crossed the boundary giving us music that was in time with a good feel. If I had been working for a technology company then and knew what I was doing, I would have tried to patent the idea. Nonetheless, it changed a lot of things. That first loop was a watershed event in our life and times.[8]


The song was not initially scheduled for release, with "How Deep Is Your Love" selected as lead single, but fans called radio stations and RSO Records requesting the song immediately after seeing trailers for Saturday Night Fever, featuring the track over the aforementioned introductory scene. The single was eventually released in mid-December, a month after the album, and moved to the top of the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States in February, where it would stay for four weeks. Soon after, it would slide to number two, locking in a solid one-two punch with the Bee Gees's third smash hit from the album, "Night Fever". In the United Kingdom, "Stayin' Alive" was a solid seller but not as popular as it was in the United States, topping out at number four.

Further demonstrating the Bee Gees's US chart domination in 1978, "Stayin' Alive" was replaced at number one with the group's younger brother Andy Gibb's single, "Love Is Thicker Than Water", followed by the Bee Gees's "Night Fever" for their longest run, seven weeks. This was then replaced by Yvonne Elliman's "If I Can't Have You". Barry Gibb had a hand in writing all four of these songs, becoming the only person in history to write four successive US number-one singles. Besides the version that appeared on the soundtrack album and the edited 45RPM single for Top 40 radio release, there was yet another version, from the same recording session but of a slightly different mix, that was distributed on twelve-inch vinyl to club DJs and radio stations that specialised in airing longer versions of hit songs. This "Special Disco Version", as it was called, featured all the same parts as the album version but had a horn rhythm section part interjected twice. Interestingly, where twelve-inch "Disco Versions" were usually sped up, this version was slowed down slightly. This version was finally released on CD when Reprise re-issued Bee Gees Greatest in 2007 in an expanded and remastered edition. As for the message of the song, Robin Gibb was quoted as saying, "'Stayin' Alive' is about survival in the big city—any big city—but especially New York." The longest version of "Stayin' Alive" ever made was faded at 6:59, and that version was finally released on the remastered version of Bee Gees Greatest. The album edit is a still generous 4:43, but it was down to 3:29 for the single version.[5]

Initial plans were for Yvonne Elliman, then known for ballads, to record "How Deep Is Your Love" for Saturday Night Fever, while the Bee Gees produced their own version of the more disco-oriented "If I Can't Have You" for the film. Robert Stigwood thought he would prefer the songs from different genders and directed the group to cut the ballad, while Elliman cut "If I Can't Have You" with her usual producer Freddie Perren. Satisfied with this switch, Elliman's interpretation made the soundtrack, while the Bee Gees's version was relegated to the B-side of the "Stayin' Alive" single. The brothers' version has since appeared on CD in hits compilations.

George Martin commented about this song saying: "The great thing about 'Stayin' Alive' is that it had a great guitar hook to start with which set up the theme, that pulsating beat. It's no coincidence, by the way, that the disco beat of 120 beats per minute coincides the heartbeat of your heart when you're excited. This was a key thing which underlined the whole tune, and when the vocals came in, the vocals were so designed that they pushed that beat further".[6]

Music video[edit]

The music video for the song is of a completely different concept from Saturday Night Fever. It depicts the group singing the song on an abandoned subway terminal set at MGM Studios, directly adjacent to the one where Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band was being filmed at the same time. This set featured buildings and a train station, among others.

The original three music videos for the movie Saturday Night Fever were shot on the soundstages and edited at the facilities of Video City, Inc., in North Miami, Florida. The European video for "Stayin' Alive" (with Barry sans facial hair) was one of these original three. These original music videos were scrapped and re-shot in California after Barry grew back his beard.


Track listing[edit]

  • "Stayin' Alive" – 3:29
  • "If I Can't Have You" – 3:25

1989 reissue[edit]

  • "Subway" – 4:20
  • "Love So Right" – 3:33

Use in medical training[edit]

"Stayin' Alive" was used in a study to train medical professionals to provide the correct number of chest compressions per minute while performing CPR. The song has close to 104 beats per minute, and 100-120 chest compressions per minute are recommended by the British Heart Foundation[9] and endorsed by the Resuscitation Council (UK).[10] A study on medical professionals found that the quality of CPR is better when thinking about "Stayin' Alive".[11] This was parodied in the Season 5 episode of comedy series The Office "Stress Relief" and the song itself was used in a season 10 episode of the medical drama Grey's Anatomy in 2015.

On 15 June 2011, the song was featured in a Hands Only CPR PSA campaign video from the American Heart Association and featured actor and medical doctor Ken Jeong in the classic John Travolta outfit from Saturday Night Fever.[12]

Vinnie Jones also stars in a UK version of this CPR video in association with the British Heart Foundation shown on TV circa January 2012.[13]


Year Publisher Country Accolade Rank
1981 Dave Marsh & James Bernard United States "Singles Of The Year 1978"[14] 1
1989 Dave Marsh United States "The 1001 Greatest Singles Ever Made"[15] 716
1989 Rolling Stone United States "The 100 Best Singles Of The Last 25 Years"[16] 50
1995 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame United States "500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll"[17] *
2000 Rolling Stone United States "100 Greatest Pop Songs"[18] 93
2000 VH1 United States "100 Greatest Dance Songs"[19] 10
2001 Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) United States "Songs of the Century" (365)[20] 94
2003 PopMatters United States "The 100 Best Songs Since Johnny Rotten Roared"[21] 65
2003 Q United Kingdom "100 Songs That Changed The World"[22] 17
2003 Q United Kingdom "The 1001 Best Songs Ever"[23] 280
2004 Rolling Stone United States "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time"[3] 189
2009 VH1 United States "100 Greatest Rock Songs"[24] 54
2010 Rolling Stone United States "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time"[25] 191
2011 Robert Dimery United Kingdom "1001 Songs You Must Hear Before You Die"[26] *
2011 Time United States "All-TIME 100 Songs"[27] *

(*) indicates the list is unordered.

Charts and certifications[edit]

Order of precedence
Preceded by
"Isn't It Time" by The Babys
Australian number-one single
3 April 1978 – 15 May 1978 (7 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Wuthering Heights" by Kate Bush
Preceded by
"Take a Chance on Me" by ABBA
Eurochart Hot 100 number-one single (first run)
5 April 1978 (1 week)
Succeeded by
"Denis" by Blondie
Preceded by
"Denis" by Blondie
Eurochart Hot 100 number-one single (second run)
19 April 1978 – 26 April 1978 (2 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Rivers of Babylon" by Boney M.
Dutch Top 40 number-one single
8 April 1978 – 22 April 1978 (3 weeks)
Preceded by
"Mull of Kintyre" by Wings
South African number-one single
28 April 1978 – 16 June 1978 (8 weeks)
Preceded by
"Figli delle stelle" by Alan Sorrenti
"Sotto il segno dei pesci" by Antonello Venditti
Italian number-one single
6 May 1978 – 10 June 1978 (6 weeks)
24 June 1978 (1 week)
Succeeded by
"Sotto il segno dei pesci" by
Antonello Venditti
"Tu" by Umberto Tozzi
Preceded by
"Baby Come Back" by Player
Canadian RPM 100 Singles number-one single
18 February 1978 – 11 March 1978 (4 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Sometimes When We Touch" by Dan Hill
US Billboard Hot 100 number one single
4 February 1978 – 25 February 1978 (4 weeks)
Succeeded by
"(Love Is) Thicker Than Water" by Andy Gibb
Preceded by
"Short People" by Randy Newman
US Cash Box number-one single
4 February 1978 – 25 February 1978 (4 weeks)
Preceded by
"Turn to Stone" by Electric Light Orchestra
Canadian CHUM number-one single
11 February 1978 – 25 March 1978 (6 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Night Fever" by The Bee Gees
Preceded by
"Emotion" by Samantha Sang
New Zealand number-one single
26 March 1978 (1 week)
Succeeded by
"Tania" by John Rowles
Preceded by
"Amarsi un po'" by Lucio Battisti
Italian best-selling single of the year
Succeeded by
"Tu sei l'unica donna per me" by Alan Sorrenti

Cover versions and samples[edit]

Appearances in other media[edit]

Though "Stayin Alive" is heavily guarded by the Bee Gees for licensing, it has appeared in numerous movies, television shows and video games including:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Guarisco, Donald A. "Stayin' Alive – Song Review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Stayin' Alive by the Bee Gees". Shmoop. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  3. ^ a b The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time (1-500) at the Wayback Machine (archived 20 August 2006). Rolling Stone. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  4. ^ "The Nation's Favourite Bee Gees Song". ITV. 9 December 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d Brennan, Joseph. "Gibb Songs: 1977". Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Hughes, Andrew Môn (2009). The Bee Gees: Tales Of The Brothers Gibb Check |url= value (help). Music Sales Group. ISBN 978-0-85712-004-5. 
  7. ^ Bilyeu, Melinda; Cook, Hector; Hughes, Andrew Môn (2013). The Ultimate Biography of the Bee Gees: Tales Of The Brothers Gibb Check |url= value (help). Music Sales Group. ISBN 978-0-85712-004-5. 
  8. ^ a b Small, Mark (Summer 2002). "Albhy Galuten tells his story". Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Hands-Only CPR FAQs". British Heart Foundation. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "Resuscitation Council (UK)". Resuscitation Council (UK). Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  11. ^ Simon, Scott (25 October 2008). "Another Use For 'Stayin' Alive': Staying Alive". NPR. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  12. ^ "Ken Jeong AHA Hands-Only CPR video". YouTube. 15 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "Vinnie Jones Hands-Only CPR video". YouTube. 10 January 2012. 
  14. ^ "Book Of Rock Lists – Singles Of The Year.. 1978". Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  15. ^ Marsh, Dave. The 1001 Greatest Singles, by Number at the Wayback Machine (archived 4 February 2002). Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  16. ^ "Rolling Stone – The 100 Best Singles Of The Last 25 Years". Rolling Stone. 20 August 2006. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  17. ^ "Experience The Music: One Hit Wonders and The Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  18. ^ "Rolling Stone’s 100 Greatest Pop Songs". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  19. ^ "VH1: 100 Greatest Dance Songs". VH1. Rock On The Net. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  20. ^ Songs of the Century at the Wayback Machine (archived 11 December 2005). CNN. 7 March 2001. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  21. ^ Horning, Rob 100 From 1977 – 2003: The 100 Best Songs Since Johnny Rotten Roared > 61 – 70 at the Wayback Machine (archived 24 August 2003). PopMatters. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  22. ^ "Q – 100 Songs That Changed The World". Q. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  23. ^ "Q Special Edition - 1001 Best Songs Ever..". Q. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  24. ^ It's Only A Riff, But We Like It at the Wayback Machine (archived 8 April 2009). VH1. MTV Networks. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  25. ^ "500 Greatest Songs of All Time: Bee Gees, 'Stayin' Alive'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  26. ^ Dimery, Robert (2011). 1001 Songs You Must Hear Before You Die. Octopus Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-8440-3717-9. 
  27. ^ "All-TIME 100 Songs: 'Stayin' Alive'". Time. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  28. ^ "Australia No. 1 hits -- 1970's". World Charts. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
  29. ^ " – Bee Gees – Stayin' Alive" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  30. ^ " – Bee Gees – Stayin' Alive" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  31. ^ "Radio2 top 30: 1 april 1978" (in Dutch). April Top 30. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  32. ^ CHART NUMBER 1100 – Saturday, February 11, 1978 at the Wayback Machine (archived 12 February 2006). CHUM. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  33. ^ "Top RPM Adult Contemporary: Issue 5552." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  34. ^ "Top RPM Dance/Urban: Issue 5531." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  35. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 5533a." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  36. ^ – UK, Eurochart, Billboard & Cashbox No.1 Hits at the Wayback Machine (archived 14 June 2006). Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  37. ^ Nyman, Jake (2005). Suomi soi 4: Suuri suomalainen listakirja (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Tammi. ISBN 951-31-2503-3. 
  38. ^ "InfoDisc : Tous les Titres par Artiste" (in French). InfoDisc. Select "Bee Gees" from the artist drop-down menu. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  39. ^ " – Bee Gees – Stayin' Alive". GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  40. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Stayin' Alive". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  41. ^ "SINGOLI – I NUMERI UNO (1959-2006) (parte 2: 1970-1980)" (in Italian). Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  42. ^ "Billboard – Hits Of The World". Billboard 90 (32): 78. 12 August 1978. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  43. ^ "Billboard – Hits Of The World". Billboard 90 (35): 73. 2 September 1978. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  44. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – Bee Gees - Alive search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  45. ^ " – Bee Gees – Stayin' Alive" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  46. ^ " – Bee Gees – Stayin' Alive". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  47. ^ " – Bee Gees – Stayin' Alive". VG-lista. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  48. ^ "Billboard – Hits Of The World". Billboard 90 (27): 65. 8 July 1978. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  49. ^ "South African Rock Lists Website SA Charts 1969 – 1989 Acts (B)". Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  50. ^ " – Bee Gees – Stayin' Alive". Singles Top 100. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  51. ^ " – Bee Gees – Stayin' Alive". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  52. ^ "Archive Chart: 1978-03-04" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  53. ^ Trust, Gary (15 July 2011). "The Top 100 Adult Contemporary Songs Ever". Billboard. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  54. ^ a b c d "Saturday Night Fever – Awards". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  55. ^ CASH BOX Top 100 Singles – Week ending FEBRUARY 4, 1978 at the Wayback Machine (archived 4 October 2012). Cash Box magazine. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  56. ^ RECORD WORLD 1978 at the Wayback Machine (archived 9 May 2006). Record World. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  57. ^ a b c " – Bee Gees – Stayin' Alive" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  58. ^ "Forum - ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – Top 100 End of Year AMR Charts – 1970s". Hung Medien. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  59. ^ "Jahreshitparade 1978" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  60. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1978" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  61. ^ "Top Singles – Volume 30, No. 14, December 30, 1978". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  62. ^ "TOP – 1978" (in French). Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  63. ^ "I singoli più venduti del 1978" (in Italian). Hit Parade Italia. Creative Commons. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  64. ^ "Top 100-Jaaroverzicht van 1978" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  65. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Single 1978" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  66. ^ "Top 20 Hit Singles of 1978". Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  67. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1978" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  68. ^ "Top 100 Hits for 1978". The Longbored Surfer. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  69. ^ The CASH BOX Year-End Charts: 1978 at the Wayback Machine (archived 26 August 2012). Cash Box magazine. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  70. ^ "Canadian single certifications – Bee Gees – Stayin' Alive". Music Canada. 
  71. ^ "French single certifications – Bee Gees – Stayin' Alive" (in French). InfoDisc.  Select BEE GEES and click OK
  72. ^ "Les Singles en Or" (in French). InfoDisc. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  73. ^ "British single certifications – Bee Gees – Stayin' Alive". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Stayin' Alive in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Silver in the field By Award. Click Search
  74. ^ "American single certifications – Bee Gee – Stayin_ Alive". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
  75. ^
  76. ^ "Happy Mondays – Judge Fudge (CD)". Discogs. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  77. ^ Blistein, Jon (27 February 2014). "Bruce Springsteen Covers 'Stayin' Alive,' Leads Massive Group Twerk". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 

External links[edit]