Ste. Claire (passenger steamboat)
|Operator:||Detroit & Windsor Ferry Company|
|Builder:||Toledo Shipbuilding Company|
|Yard number:||Hull 116|
|Launched:||7 May 1910|
|Fate:||Damaged by fire on 6 July 2018, awaiting restoration|
|Tonnage:||870 (gross), 507 (net)|
|Length:||190 ft (58 m)|
|Beam:||50 ft (15 m)|
|Draft:||14.5 ft (4.4 m)|
|Depth:||17.3 ft (5.3 m)|
|Installed power:||Triple expansion reciprocating steam engine|
Ste. Claire (steamer)
|Location||125 S. Dix St., Detroit |
|Architect||Kirby, Frank E.; Toledo Shipbuilding Co.|
|NRHP reference #||79001177|
|Added to NRHP||November 2, 1979|
|Designated NHL||July 6, 1992|
SS Ste. Claire was a steamer that was formerly located in Detroit, Michigan. Built in 1910, she was one of the last propeller-driven excursion steamers to be operated on the Great Lakes. She was declared a US National Historic Landmark in 1992.
The Detroit, Belle Isle, & Windsor Ferry Company was incorporated in 1881 to provide ferry service between Detroit, Windsor, Ontario, and Detroit's Belle Isle Park. In 1898, the company began leasing Bois Blanc Island (later known as "Bob-Lo") and began offering ferry service to the island. Bois Blanc became a popular day trip destination, with picnic grounds, a small amusement area, dancing and other services. In 1901, the company purchased a large part of the island. Service to Bob-Lo became so popular that in 1902, the company hired Frank E. Kirby to design a passenger excursion steamer, the Columbia. However, passenger volume continued to increase, and soon the Detroit, Belle Isle, & Windsor Ferry Company commissioned another, slightly smaller steamer. This ship was again designed by Frank E. Kirby, and constructed at the Toledo Shipbuilding Company.
The Ste. Claire was launched at Toledo Shipbuilding Company in 1910, and entered service later that year between Detroit and Bob-Lo Island. In 1911, the Detroit, Belle Isle, & Windsor Ferry Company was reorganized as the Detroit and Windsor Ferry Company. However, the construction in the 1920s of the Ambassador Bridge and the Detroit–Windsor Tunnel between Detroit and Windsor, and the MacArthur Bridge to Belle Isle drastically reduced the company's service, and by the late 1930s their only activity was the Detroit-Bob-Lo Island line. In the early 1940s, the company was renamed simply the "Bob-Lo Excursion Company."
The excursion service and Bob-Lo Island Amusement Park were sold in the 1940s, and again in 1979. However, the Ste. Claire continued operating between Detroit and Bob-Lo Island until 1991, a run of 81 years. After the island park closed, she was sold to a commercial firm and fell into disrepair. In 2003 she was towed to Toledo, Ohio for restoration. In 2015, the vessel was towed to the former Detroit Lime Dock on the Rouge River, while her restoration remained in limbo.
The S.S. Saint Claire was engulfed in an accidental fire while docked on the Detroit River on July 6, 2018. The fire could not be contained and destroyed the historic mahogany woodwork and upper decks. "Yeah, she's 110 years old, but she's well-built and she survived," said boat co-owner, Ron Kattoo. "We are at the point in restoration to where it was a steel skeleton structure ready to be rebuilt."
The Ste. Claire was a propeller-driven excursion steamer with a riveted steel hull and a wooden superstructure strengthened with steel members. The hull was 190 feet long, 50 feet wide, and 17.3 feet in molded depth. She was powered by a triple expansion reciprocating steam engine with Scotch boilers. The main deck overhung the hull, and the open decks above were rounded at the bow, a characteristic of the Bob-Lo fleet.
The main staircase was in the center of the main deck, leading upward to the upper decks. A second stair underneath lead down to the crew spaces in the hull. On either side of the main stair were gangplank openings for loading passengers. Forward of the stair was a large open deck space. Aft of the stair, a passageway ran across the vessel, aft of which is the stack casing and a well that opened down into the engine room, where the main engine could be seen by passengers on the main deck. Food service counters were placed at the aft end of the main deck, surrounded by open spaces, and a pair of stairs leading to decks above. Amidships, public rest rooms and crews quarters were placed on either side of the ship.
The main staircase lead upward to the main cabin on the second deck. The cabin was finished in mahogany with a cream-painted beamed ceiling. Aft of the cabin was a dance floor. The main cabin had doors out to open spaces forward and aft. The main stair leads upward to another, smaller cabin on the third deck. Doors here lead to the open deck and to a "beer garden" located above the dance floor. A final stair on the open deck lead to the top deck. Public access to the top deck was limited; the area also included the pilot house and lifeboat storage.
- Kasuba, Jim (November 6, 2015). "Boblo Boat Ste. Claire moves from Ecorse to Rouge River; restoration set to begin". The News Herald.
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Ste. Claire". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2008-04-07.
- Worden, Bill (1 November 1991). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Ste. Claire / Steamer Ste. Claire". National Maritime Initiative. National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-08-28. and
"Accompanying four photos, from 1910, c.1915, c.1966, and undated". Retrieved 2012-08-28.
- Haddad, Ken (July 6, 2018). "Historic Bob-Lo Island boat, S.S. Ste Claire, destroyed by fire along Detroit River". WDIV. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
- Austin, Dan (July 24, 2015). "Unless it found a new home, the Boblo boat may have been scrapped". Detroit Free Press.
- "Historic Bob-Lo boats land role in Transformers 4". CBC News. 29 July 2013.
- Mann, Priya (July 8, 2018). "Boblo Island boat owners hopeful for restoring of damaged boat: What's next for the SS Ste Claire?". ClickOnDetroit. WDIV. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
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