Steak 'n Shake

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Steak 'n Shake Operations, Inc.
Steak 'n Shake
FoundedFebruary 1934; 88 years ago (1934-02)
Normal, Illinois, U.S.
FounderGus Belt[1]
Area served
United States
Southwestern Europe
Middle East
Key people
Phillip Cooley
ProductsSteakburgers, milk shakes
Number of employees
ParentBiglari Holdings

Steak 'n Shake Operations, Inc. (doing business as Steak 'n Shake) is an American casual restaurant chain concentrated primarily in the Midwestern United States with locations also in the South, Mid-Atlantic and Western United States, Europe, and the Middle East. The company is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Biglari Holdings.[3] As of 2018, 628 Steak 'n Shake restaurants were in operation; 414 corporate operations and 214 franchised establishments, although the company has since been attempting to convert to a fully franchised model.[4] Typical restaurant locations have sit-down, drive-thru and front-window service, resulting in a hybrid of fast-food to-go service and diner-style sit-down service. Many Steak 'n Shake restaurants are open 24 hours a day, seven days per week. The menu features primarily burgers and hand-dipped milkshakes, though other entrees, side items, and drinks are also available.

The corporation's slogan "Famous for Steakburgers" refers to its most prominent food item, the "Steakburger", so called because it was originally made from a mixture that included T-bone, sirloin, and round steaks. The "Steak" in the restaurant name comes from that menu item.


A. H. "Gus" Belt (born in Morrisonville, Illinois) founded Steak 'n Shake in Normal, Illinois, in February 1934, after serving four years in the United States Marine Corps. He converted the combination gas station and chicken restaurant that he owned (Shell's Chicken) into a hamburger stand.[1]

Steak 'n Shake's slogan "In Sight It Must Be Right" originally referred to Belt's practice of wheeling a barrel of T-bone, sirloin, and round steaks into the public area of his restaurant, then grinding them into burgers in front of his customers.[1] This practice was intended to reassure customers of the wholesomeness of the product; at that time, ground beef was still viewed with some skepticism by the general public, based on the likelihood of its having deliberate impurities introduced into it. This practice of grinding the beef in public also helped assure his customers of the veracity of Belt's "Steakburger" claim because they could see for themselves that he was grinding steaks into the hamburger meat. Later, patrons were assured that Steakburgers were still made from these ingredients "at our own commissary" for shipment to the restaurants, where the open grill line remains "in sight" to customers.

Cincinnati-style chili "five-way" served over spaghetti at a Steak 'n Shake restaurant

Following the success of the original restaurant, Belt purchased a chain of "Goal Post" restaurants throughout central Illinois, converting them into Steak 'n Shake restaurants.[when?] He also added curb service at this point.[1]

The original building at the intersection of Main Street and West Virginia Avenue was damaged by a fire in the early 1960s, but it was repaired and its dining room expanded. In the late 1990s, Steak 'n Shake sold this building to the Monical's Pizza company.

After Gus Belt[edit]

Steak 'n Shake continued to expand throughout Illinois following the death of its creator in 1954, with ownership passing through many hands, including Gus's wife Edith (who ran the chain until 1969); Longchamps, Inc. (an East Coast steakhouse company that owned the chain from 1969[5] to 1971[6]); and the Indianapolis-based Franklin Corporation, led by Robert Cronin, author of Selling Steakburgers: The Growth of a Corporate Culture. After the acquisition, Franklin moved Steak 'n Shake's headquarters from Normal, Illinois, to Indianapolis.

In 1981, Steak 'n Shake and its parent company Franklin were acquired by E. W. Kelley and Associates,[7] whose chairman, E. W. "Ed" Kelley was responsible for the restaurant chain until his death on July 4, 2003.[1]

Under Sardar Biglari[edit]

Entrepreneur Sardar Biglari took control of Steak 'n Shake in August 2008 after 3 years of declining same-store sales and losses of $100,000 per day. He led a turnaround that resulted in 24 straight quarters of increases in same-store sales and profits of $100,000 per day.[8][unreliable source?] Biglari focused the brand on burgers, fries and milkshakes, reducing the menu from eight pages to a bi-fold.[9] However, Steak n' Shake ran into renewed problems in 2016 and onward, with revenue declining sharply.[10] Potential reasons include underinvestment in restaurants after the deep price cuts of 2008, competition from "fast casual" restaurants like Chipotle that aimed for a more high-class experience, and two expensive lawsuits from former managers who accused the chain of misclassifying them as salaried employees and refusing to pay earned overtime.[10]

Graham Rahal's 2015 Indianapolis 500 IndyCar was sponsored by Steak 'n Shake

In 2018, Steak 'n Shake changed its business model to a franchise partner system, with Biglari attempting to turn all of the 400+ company-owned restaurants into franchise operations. Entrepreneurial single-unit operators could take control of an existing Steak 'n Shake for $10,000, an unusually low price, but would need to turn over fifty percent of the restaurant's profits to Steak 'n Shake.[11] The firm remained heavily indebted, however. As of April 2020, its debt was rated as a low C/D "speculative" grade by bond rating agencies, colloquially known as junk bonds. The Washington Post considered the chain extremely likely to default with a low likelihood of recovering, with the restaurant closings due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States being an unrecoverable blow to the firm.[12]


Opening of New York City location in 2012 which has since closed

The first Steak 'n Shake in the state of Indiana was opened as a drive-in restaurant in Indianapolis in November 1954.[13] As typical for this time period, this restaurant had offered curb service (carhop) in addition to table service and takeout. At the time of the opening of this location, Steak 'n Shake had locations in five states.

The Route 66 Steak 'n Shake at Springfield, Missouri (built 1962) was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2012.[14][15][16]

The company entered North Carolina for the first time by opening a franchised location in Greensboro in December 1996.[17]

Steak 'n Shake entered Wisconsin with locations in Racine, Janesville and Madison in the late 1990s,[18] but all locations closed by 2004.[19] Another franchiser opened locations in Waukesha and Wauwatosa in 2007, but both closed by 2010.[20][21] The chain has yet to return to the state.

After briefly operating a few restaurants in south Texas during the 1970s, Steak 'n Shake returned to Texas by opening locations in the Dallas–Fort Worth area beginning in 2001,[22] in the Houston area beginning in 2012,[23] and in the San Antonio area beginning in 2013.[24] Steak 'n Shake entered South Carolina for the first time by opening a location in Greenville in February 2001.[25] The company entered Oklahoma for the first time by opening a franchised location in Edmond in 2004.[26] Steak 'n Shake entered West Virginia for the first time by opening a franchised location in Barboursville in August 2007.[27]

Steak 'n Shake opened their first location in Nevada inside the South Point Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada in July 2010[28] and a second Nevada location in Reno in July 2013.[29][30] In January 2017, a second location was opened in Las Vegas, the third in Nevada, in the Student Union building on the campus of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas[31] followed by a second Reno location, the fourth in Nevada, in July 2017.[32] Steak 'n Shake entered Louisiana for the first time[33] by opening a location near Baton Rouge in Covington in 2011.[34] The company first entered Colorado via a franchise in Denver in November 2011[35] before the parent took over the Colorado locations after a lengthy lawsuit between the franchisee and the parent company. In January 2012, they opened their first and only location in the state of New York on the island of Manhattan in New York City,[36] adjacent to the Ed Sullivan Theater, then home to the Late Show with David Letterman. Indiana native David Letterman, an avid Steak 'n Shake fan, would frequent the location and mention it often on his show.[37] This location closed in October 2017, ending the chain's five year presence in the state.[citation needed] The first location in New Jersey was opened by a franchise holder in September 2012 in Paramus.[38] At the beginning of 2016, a second and third location within New Jersey were opened by the same franchisee in West Windsor Township and Hamilton Township,[39] but both of those locations quietly disappeared within a year. In September 2017, the original Paramus location, the last location in New Jersey, also closed after a five-year struggle to remain in business.[40]

Opening of first store in Seattle
Opening of first store in Seattle in 2016, now defunct.

The first Steak 'n Shake location in the state of Arizona was opened in Tempe in October 2013.[41] [42] A second Arizona location was open on the campus of the University of Arizona in Tucson in July 2017.[43]

The first and only location in the state of Montana, and in the upper plain states, was opened in Billings in December 2013.[44] This location was forced to close after two and a half years in July 2016 due to poor sales that were blamed on "harsh reviews on social media".[45]

Steak 'n Shake expanded to California in July 2014 by opening a location in Victorville.[46][47] A Los Angeles County location was opened in Santa Monica in late October[48][49] and another in Burbank in December.[50] After a lack of activity for over a year in the highly competitive Californian marketplace, the company announced in April 2016 of the expected opening of their first Orange County location, their fourth in California, in Aliso Viejo in mid-May.[51] After a short delay, a fifth California location was opened behind schedule in Riverside in August 2016.[52] In March 2017, a 6th location opened in Yucca Valley.[citation needed] After 3.5 years of operation, the Victorville location closed abruptly in February 2018 after receiving an eviction notice for failure to pay rent.[53][54]

In 2015, the company planned a restaurant in Northern California in Campbell, California, but local residents delayed it.[55] Because of that delay, the first location in Northern California opened instead in Daly City in November 2016.[56][57][58] This opening was followed by the opening of the first Central California location in Fresno in March 2017.[59] A second San Francisco Bay Area restaurant was opened on the campus of San Jose State University (SJSU) in July 2017.[60] After a long four delay fighting local anti-development activists, the company finally opened their long expected restaurant in Campbell in September 2017.[61] After four months of operation, the Daly City location closed along with the Campbell location in January 2018.[62] This leaves only San Jose location on the campus of SJSU as the only Bay Area store.[63] After 10 months of operation, the lone Central California location in Fresno also closed in January 2018.[64]

In June 2015, the first location in Maryland opened in Millersville.[65] Two years later, the struggling Maryland franchisee filed for voluntary bankruptcy in June 2017 while still remaining open.[66] This location finally closed in January 2018 after the Circuit Court for Anne Arundel County seized the restaurant for non-payment on loans and taxes. The restaurant and contents were auctioned off by the court on January 31, 2018.[67] Later that year, the franchise owner was arrested after FBI filed an indictment against the franchise owner for plotting to kill his wife and to burn the restaurant down in an attempt to receive insurance money for his then failing business.[68] In January 2019, the restaurant has reopened under new management.[69] In April 2019, the same franchise owner of the Millersville location announced plans to open a second location in White Marsh by summer 2019.[70]

The first location in the Pacific Northwest opened in Seattle, Washington in May 2016;[71] it went defunct after four years.[citation needed]

In September 2018, the first location in the state of Delaware was opened in Middletown.[72]

In March 2019, the first location in the state of Nebraska was opened on the campus of University of Nebraska–Lincoln.[73]

In March 2019, Steak 'n Shake announced plans to open its first restaurant in Washington, D.C., inside the Rayburn House Office Building to serve House members, staffers, and the public who pass "through security and a metal detector".[74] The location officially opened for business in the first week of September 2019.[75] And come January 11, 2021, the first Steak N Shake Location the Des Moines Suburb of West Des Moines opened, joining seven other stores in Iowa, with strict measures, like no eat-in dining.[76]

International expansion[edit]

In December 2013, Steak 'n Shake opened a corporate office in Monte Carlo, Monaco, to support its expansion in West Asia and Europe.[77]

West Asia[edit]

In October 2012, Steak 'n Shake announced its first international expansion agreement with plans to open forty locations in the United Arab Emirates. The first of these locations opened in Dubai in 2013,[78] but closed in a little more than a year. Ultimately, only two out of the original 40 locations planned were opened in the United Arab Emirates. Both closed in January 2015.[79]

The brand also announced in December 2013 a 50-unit franchise agreement in Saudi Arabia with AB Holdings. The first location in Riyadh was expected to open in the first half of 2014.[80]

The first location in the Persian Gulf country of Kuwait was opened in December 2014.[81] This location appeared to have been closed after less than three years of operation.[82]

The first location in Qatar opened at the Tawar Mall in November 2017.[83]


The first two European locations opened in Cannes, France, in May 2014[84][85] and on the island of Ibiza in Spain in June 2014.[86]

The second location in France was opened in Marseille in December 2014.[87] A third location in France was opened in Toulon in April 2016[88] and was quickly followed in June by the openings of a fourth and fifth locations in Caen and Rueil-Malmaison,[89] in October by the openings of a sixth location at the Cité Europe shopping centre in Coquelles,[90] and in November of a seventh location in Fenouillet.[91] The eighth and ninth location in France were open in Bordeaux[92][93] and Anglet respectively in early 2017.[94] A second location in Marseille was opened in December 2017.[95] A third location in Marseille, the 17th location in France, was opened in May 2018.[96]

The second location in Spain was opened in the capital Madrid in September 2015[97] followed by a third location in Churra, Murcia in October 2015.[98]

The first location in Italy opened in Milan in December 2015.[99] A second location was opened in Peschiera del Garda in May 2016.[100] A third location was opened in Castione Andevenno in September 2016.[101]

In July 2016, the first location in Portugal opened in Montijo, near Lisbon.[102]

In December 2016, the first store in the United Kingdom opened in Chester, Cheshire, England.[103] The only location within the UK was closed 21 months later in August 2018.[104][105]


Franchise pricing lawsuits[edit]

Between 2010 and 2015, Steak 'n Shake became involved in lawsuits with several of its franchisees concerning mandatory menu prices and mandatory food sourcing. As of August 2013, five lawsuits had been filed. The first lawsuit began in 2010 and is by Stuller, Inc., the Illinois franchisee that is the oldest franchisee in Steak 'n Shake's history. Stuller won a preliminary injunction that went to the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals in August 2012.[106] Three more franchisees filed suit in April 2013—Druco Restaurants based in St. Louis, People Sales & Profit Co. based in Georgia, and Scott's S&S Inc. in Pennsylvania.[107] A settlement was reached with these franchisees in 2014, but terms of the settlement were not made public.[108]

Steak 'n Shake filed suit against Denver franchisees Larry and Christopher Baerns in July 2013 over the same issues, with a counterclaim soon after.[109] Steak 'n Shakes won their lawsuit in U.S. District Court against the Baerns when judge ruled that the Baerns intentionally overcharged customers.[110] The complaints by the franchisees also question whether Steak 'n Shake promised franchise results that could never actually be achieved under its policies.[111]

Employee classification lawsuits[edit]

286 managers in the St. Louis area filed and won a lawsuit against Steak 'n Shake on grounds that they were misclassified as exempt employees unable to earn overtime.[112] Steak 'n Shake had to pay $7.7 million in damages. They were sued again by an even larger group of 1100+ managers on similar grounds; as of 2019, that case was pending.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "History". The Steak 'n Shake Company. Archived from the original on August 1, 2008. Retrieved January 19, 2009.
  2. ^ "Annual report" (PDF). 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  4. ^ "Annual report" (PDF). 2018. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  5. ^ "Longchamps to Buy 53% of Restaurant Concern". The Wall Street Journal. November 27, 1968. p. 15. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  6. ^ "Longchamps Will Sell Steak 'n Shake Interest". The Wall Street Journal. September 7, 1971. p. 7. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  7. ^ "Kelley & Partners Acquires Control of Franklin Corp". The Wall Street Journal. June 30, 1981. p. 41. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  8. ^ "Was Steak 'n Shake nearly insolvent in 2008?". Nation's Restaurant News. March 19, 2015.
  9. ^ "Letters" (PDF). 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  10. ^ a b c "85 Years After Founding In Normal, Challenges Put Steak 'n Shake On The Brink". Illinois Public Media. June 12, 2019.
  11. ^ Reesman, Bryan (September 19, 2018). "The Burger Gold Rush is On at Steak 'n Shake". QSR. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  12. ^ Santamariña, Daniela; Bhattarai, Abha; Uhrmacher, Kevin (May 8, 2020). "The iconic brands that could disappear because of coronavirus" – via
  13. ^ "Opening Set for Thursday". The Indianapolis Star. November 7, 1954. p. 33 – via Opening of this new Steak 'n Shake drive-in restaurant at 2660 Lafayette Road Thursday morning will mark the first appearance in Indiana of the five-state chain of restaurants. Four more are planned in the area.
  14. ^ Ruth Keenoy (January 2012). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Route 66 Steak 'n Shake" (PDF). Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved January 1, 2017. (includes 10 photographs from 2011)
  15. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 7/30/12 through 8/03/12. National Park Service. August 10, 2012.
  16. ^ "Iconic Restaurant, Downtown Building Both Nominated as Historic Sites". KOLR. May 10, 2012.
  17. ^ Welborn, Jane (December 4, 1996). "Go Back to '50s at Steak 'n Shake". Greensboro News-Record. p. D1. Greensboro restaurant-goers can experience the flavor of a burger restaurant from the 1950s when Steak 'n Shake opens Monday at Wendover Avenue near Interstate 40... The Greensboro Steak 'n Shake is the first in North Carolina. The local franchise is owned by Steakers 'n Shakers, a group of investors from Knoxville, Tenn... There are nine restaurants in Atlanta and 20 in central Florida.
  18. ^ Buttweiler, Joe (February 11, 1999). "Steak 'n Shake passes muster". Racine Journal Times. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  19. ^ Spoto, Cara (October 14, 2015). "Gas station, Steak 'n Shake proposed near Downtown". Racine Journal Times. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  20. ^ Hajewski, Doris (June 1, 2010). "Waukesha Steak 'n Shake closed". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  21. ^ Hajewski, Doris (June 14, 2010). "Tosa Steak 'n Shake closed". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  22. ^ McLinden, Steve (January 18, 2001). "Steak n Shake plans area push". Fort Worth Star-Telegram.
  23. ^ Rutledge, Tanya (August 12, 2012). "Steak 'n Shake fired up about expanding brand". Houston Chronicle.
  24. ^ Danner, Patrick (May 10, 2013). "Steak 'n Shake coming to S.A". San Antonio Express-News.
  25. ^ Romig, Jeff (April 10, 2001). "Indiana-based restaurant chain spreading into South Carolina What's shakin'?". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. p. B3. The Indiana-based restaurant Steak 'n Shake began its South Carolina expansion when its inaugural location opened at 499 Congaree Road in Greenville in February. Steak 'n Shake's second location will open in Columbia sometime this summer, followed by a Spartanburg location before the end of the year.
  26. ^ Pemberton, Tricia (July 10, 2004). "Steak n Shake coming to state". The Oklahoman.
  27. ^ "Steak 'n Shake opens first West Virginia location". Huntington Herald-Dispatch. August 14, 2007. West Virginia has welcomed its first Steak 'n Shake restaurant, right here in Barboursville. The new store opened at 10 a.m. Monday.
  28. ^ Stutz, Howard (July 12, 2010). "South Point opens casino expansion, adds a Steak 'n Shake". Las Vegas Review-Journal.
  29. ^ "Steak 'n Shake Opens Golden Valley Location". KTVN. July 31, 2013.
  30. ^ Conway, Annie (October 19, 2015). "Shaking up northern Nevada". Northern Nevada Business Weekly.
  31. ^ Gray, Jennifer (January 20, 2017). "Why Steak 'n Shake is a Big Deal". University of Nevada, Las Vegas.
  32. ^ Hidalgo, Jason (June 21, 2017). "Reno Steak 'n Shake cooks up July opening date". USA Today.
  33. ^ "Steak 'n Shake eyes 7 B.R., N.O. locations". Greater Baton Rouge Business Report. April 26, 2011.
  34. ^ Calder, Chad (August 30, 2011). "Steak 'n Shake plans BR, Denham Springs locations". Baton Rouge Advocate.
  35. ^ Midson, Lori (November 18, 2011). "Behold...Denver's first Steak 'n Shake!". Westword.
  36. ^ Kludt, Amanda (July 13, 2011). "NYC's First Steak 'n Shake to Open Next to Ed Sullivan Theater". Eater.
  37. ^ McKeever, Amy (January 13, 2012). "Watch David Letterman Order From Steak 'n Shake". Eater.
  38. ^ Ivers, Dan (September 26, 2012). "State's first Steak 'n Shake set to open in Paramus Park mall next week".
  39. ^ Rittenhouse, Lindsay (January 7, 2016). "Steak 'n Shake coming to Hamilton and West Windsor".
  40. ^ "Steak N Shake Paramus Park mall". Steak N Shake Paramus Park New Jersey. September 24, 2017 – via Facebook.
  41. ^ Hahnefeld, Laura (September 11, 2013). "Arizona's First Steak 'n Shake Coming to Tempe's Mill Avenue". Phoenix New Times.
  42. ^ Schaefe, Eric (October 29, 2013). "Steak 'N Shake in Tempe Disappoints; Nothing Like the Midwest Favorite". Phoenix New Times.
  43. ^ Blackburn, Jessica (July 2, 2017). "Steak 'n Shake takes over Burger King's 10-year spot in Student Union, will open July 30". Arizona Daily Wildcat.
  44. ^ Cioffi, Chris (December 5, 2013). "Steak 'n Shake opens on Billings' West End". Billings Gazette.
  45. ^ Olson, Erik (July 18, 2016). "Steak 'n Shake closes on Billings' West End". Billings Gazette.
  46. ^ Valdez, Hugo C (June 12, 2014). "Steak 'N Shake Coming Soon To Victorville". Victor Valley News.
  47. ^ "Steak 'n Shake's First California Restaurant Opens Today". QSR Magazine. July 28, 2014.
  48. ^ Kang, Matthew (October 28, 2014). "Steak 'n Shake, Pride of the Midwest, Starts Slinging Burgers in LA Today". Eater LA.
  49. ^ "Steak 'n Shake Debuts in Santa Monica: The Original Steakburger arrives on Third Street Promenade". PR Newswire (Press release). October 24, 2014.
  50. ^ Garland, Chad (February 24, 2016). "Wave of new restaurants in downtown Burbank represent a change in commerce". Burbank Leader.
  51. ^ Luna, Nancy (April 21, 2016). "Iconic steakburger chain Steak 'n Shake to open first O.C. restaurant next month". Orange County Register.
  52. ^ De Atley, Richard K. (August 15, 2016). "Riverside Steak 'n Shake tentative opening now Aug. 22: The Inland version of the popular Midwestern burger stop will be the 5th in SoCal". Riverside Press-Enterprise.
  53. ^ Johnson, Shea (February 14, 2018). "In Steak 'n Shake's abrupt closure, troubles mount for owner". Victorville Daily Press.
  54. ^ Buck, Fielding (February 7, 2018). "Steak 'n Shake closes in Victorville under eviction notice". San Bernardino Sun.
  55. ^ Leyva, Jasmine (October 22, 2015). "Campbell will be home to the Bay Area's first Steak 'n Shake". San Jose Mercury News.
  56. ^ Zavoral, Linda (October 14, 2016). "First NorCal Steak 'n Shake will open in Daly City in November". San Jose Mercury News.
  57. ^ de Guzman, Dianne (September 8, 2016). "Steak 'n Shake arrives in the Bay Area because we need steakburgers". San Francisco Chronicle.
  58. ^ Love, Tessa (September 2, 2016). "Steak 'n Shake hits Bay Area". San Francisco Business Times.
  59. ^ Clough, Bethany (March 1, 2017). "Steak 'n Shake opens Monday – we got a sneak peek". Fresno Bee.
  60. ^ Zavoral, Linda (July 13, 2017). "South Bay's first Steak 'n Shake opens at SJSU (and it's open to the public)". San Jose Mercury News.
  61. ^ Zavoral, Linda (September 4, 2017). "Steak 'n Shake opens in Campbell; here's what's on the menu". San Jose Mercury News.
  62. ^ Zavoral, Linda & Leyva, Jasmine (January 8, 2018). "Steak 'n Shake closures: First Campbell, now Daly City". San Jose Mercury News.
  63. ^ Hornsby, Bradford (January 10, 2018). "Steak 'N Shake Shutters Bay Area Locations: The lauded midwestern staple Steak 'N Shake has closed two of its three Bay Area locations". KRBQ.
  64. ^ Clough, Bethany (June 4, 2018). "Fresno couldn't wait for a Steak 'n Shake. A year later it's closed. What happened?". Fresno Bee.
  65. ^ Weathers, Ben (June 22, 2005). "Millersville Steak 'n Shake opens". Capital Gazette.
  66. ^ Mann, Alex (June 30, 2017). "Steak 'n Shake auction canceled, store continues operation". Capital Gazette.
  67. ^ "Substitute Trustees' Sale: Freestanding Fast Food Restaurant And Furniture, Fixtures & Equipment in "Millersville"". Alex Cooper Auction. Archived from the original on February 21, 2018.
  68. ^ Davis, Phil (August 29, 2018). "Anne Arundel restaurateur indicted in plot to frame wife as terrorist, burn business". Capital Gazette.
  69. ^ "Steak 'N Shake Now Under New Ownership". Severna Park Voice. January 17, 2019.
  70. ^ Tkacik, Christina (April 3, 2019). "Steak 'n Shake to open first location in Baltimore County". Baltimore Sun.
  71. ^ Callaghan, Adam H. (May 24, 2016). "Steak 'n Shake Seattle Finally Opens Tomorrow: Welcome, new burger overlords". Eater.
  72. ^ "Steak 'n Shake Middletown opens in Middletown on Labor Day". Delaware Business Now. September 2, 2018.
  73. ^ Seline, Libby (February 19, 2019). "Chick-fil-A, Steak 'n Shake to open March 11". The Daily Nebraskan.
  74. ^ Chapin, Adele (March 15, 2019). "Midwestern Favorite Steak 'n Shake Is Reportedly Headed to Capitol Hill: The Indiana chain is slated to open at the Rayburn building by". Eater DC.
  75. ^ Clabaugh, Jeff (September 13, 2019). "DC gets its first Steak n' Shake (in an unusual location)". WTOP-FM.
  76. ^ Akin, Katie. "Des Moines metro's first Steak 'n Shake opens after more than a year of delays". Des Moines Register. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  77. ^ Danner, Patrick (December 9, 2013). "Steak 'n Shake sacrifices earnings for growth". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  78. ^ Spadavecchia, Olivia (August 18, 2013). "Steak 'N Shake's First Restaurant in The Dubai Mall". Ahlan!.
  79. ^ Swiatek, Jeff (January 7, 2015). "No more steakburgers in Dubai: Steak 'n Shake closes in UAE". Indianapolis Star.
  80. ^ "Steak 'n Shake Announces Major International Expansion Agreement". PR Newswire (Press release). December 18, 2013. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  81. ^ "Steak n Shake Kuwait opens with a glitzy fanfare". Chill Nite. December 18, 2014.
  82. ^ "Steak n Shake Restaurant Permanently closed in Kuwait?". December 18, 2017.
  83. ^ @TawarMallDoha (November 16, 2017). "Steak 'N Shake Qatar is Now Open at Tawar Mall" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  84. ^ Kenigsberg, Ben (May 14, 2014). "As Cannes opens, so does a Steak 'n Shake". RogerEbert.Com.
  85. ^ Swiatek, Jeff (November 14, 2014). "Steak n Shake goes upscale, international". USA Today.
  86. ^ "The Steak 'N Shake Restaurant officially opens on the 26th June 2014!". My Ibiza. June 26, 2014.
  87. ^ de Broqua, Aliette (December 12, 2014). "Steak 'n Shake s'attaque à McDonald's en Europe" [Steak 'n Shake tackles McDonald's in Europe]. Le Figaro (in French).
  88. ^ "Burger Gourmet : un nouveau restaurant Steak'n Shake bientôt à Toulon" [Burger Gourmet: a new Steak 'n Shake restaurant soon in Toulon]. Toute la franchise (in French). April 1, 2016.
  89. ^ "Le réseau Steak'n Shake s'installe à Caen et Rueil-Malmaison en juin" [The Steak'n Shake network moves to Caen and Rueil-Malmaison in June]. AC Franchise (in French). May 17, 2016.
  90. ^ "Steak'n Shake ouvre ce mercredi à la cité Europe" [Steak 'n Shake opens this Wednesday at the Cité Europe]. Nord Littoral (in French). October 19, 2016.
  91. ^ "Steak'n Shake ouvre un restaurant à Fenouillet en Haute-Garonne" [Steak 'n Shake opens a restaurant in Fenouillet in Haute-Garonne]. Toute la franchise (in French). November 19, 2016.
  92. ^ "Steak'n Shake paré au décollage" [Steak 'n Shake ready for take-off]. Snacking (in French). January 4, 2017. C’est à Bordeaux, dans le quartier des Bassins à Flot à proximité du siège de C Discount, que Steak'n Shake a clôturé 2016 avec l’ouverture en décembre de son 8e restaurant hexagonal...
  93. ^ Simon, Christelle (January 4, 2017). "400 % de croissance pour Steak'n Shake en 2016" [400% growth for Steak 'n Shake in 2016]. L'Officiel de la Franchise (in French). Steak’n Shake clôture l’année 2016 avec l’ouverture de son 8ème restaurant français à Bordeaux et amorce la nouvelle année avec une dizaine de nouveaux projets sur le grill.
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  105. ^ de Lucia, Carmella (August 6, 2018). "Steak n Shake in Chester closes after less than two years - as plans are submitted for student housing on first floor". Chester Chronicle.
  106. ^ Stuller, Inc. v. Steak N Shake Enterprises, Inc, et al., 695 F.3d 676 (7th Cir. August 24, 2012). Docket No. 11-2656.
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  108. ^ Andrews, Greg (November 22, 2014). "Settlement reached in Steak n Shake franchisee suit". Indianapolis Business Journal.
  109. ^ Migoya, David (September 4, 2013). "Judge rules Steak 'n Shakes in metro Denver must close, but they don't". The Denver Post.
  110. ^ Migoya, David (July 31, 2015). "Judge: Steak 'n Shake franchise owners violated agreement, must pay up: Federal case ends with ruling that former owners of Centennial, Sheridan stores overcharged customers". The Denver Post.
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  112. ^ Patrick, Robert. "Steak 'n Shake gets $7.7 million tab for St. Louis-area manager overtime in latest blow to chain".

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