The Steane code is a tool in quantum error correction introduced by Andrew Steane in 1996. It is a perfect CSS code (Calderbank-Shor-Steane), using the classical binary [7,4,3] Hamming code to correct for qubit flip errors (X errors) and the dual of the Hamming code, the [7,3,3] code, to correct for phase flip errors (Z errors). The Steane code is able to correct arbitrary single qubit errors.
where H is the parity-check matrix of the Hamming code and is given by
- Steane, Andrew (1996). "Multiple-Particle Interference and Quantum Error Correction". Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A. 452 (1954): 2551–2577. doi:10.1098/rspa.1996.0136.
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