This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on paired donors, with O2 as oxidant and incorporation or reduction of oxygen. The oxygen incorporated need not be derived from O2 with oxidation of a pair of donors resulting in the reduction of O to two molecules of water. The systematic name of this enzyme class is stearoyl-CoA,ferrocytochrome-b5:oxygen oxidoreductase (9,10-dehydrogenating). Other names in common use include Delta9-desaturase, acyl-CoA desaturase, fatty acid desaturase, and stearoyl-CoA, hydrogen-donor:oxygen oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis and ppar signaling pathway. It employs one cofactor, iron.
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Oshino N, Imai Y, Sato R (1966). "Electron-transfer mechanism associated with fatty acid desaturation catalyzed by liver microsomes". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 128 (1): 13–27. doi:10.1016/0926-6593(66)90137-8. PMID4382040.
Oshino N, Imai Y, Sato R (January 1971). "A function of cytochrome b5 in fatty acid desaturation by rat liver microsomes". J. Biochem. Tokyo. 69 (1): 155–67. PMID5543646.