List of countries by steel production

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This article summarizes the world steel production by country.

In 2017, total world crude steel production was 1,674.7 million metric tonnes (mmt). The biggest steel producing country is currently China, which accounted for 49.7% of world steel production in 2017. In 2008, 2009 and 2015 output fell in the majority of steel-producing countries as a result of the global recession. In 2010 and 2016, it started to rise again.

Name of Countries having largest steel production (up to 2017 data)[edit]

This is a list of countries by steel production in 1967, 1980, 1990, 2000 and from 2007 to 2017, based on data provided by the World Steel Association.[1][2][3][4][5][6] All countries with annual production of crude steel at least 2 million metric tons are listed.

Crude steel production (million metric tons):
Rank (2017) Country/Region 2017[7] 2016[8] 2015[9] 2014[10] 2013[11] 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2000 1990 1980 1967
 World 1674.7 1628.0 1620.4 1670.1 1649.3 1552.9 1490.1 1413.6 1219.7 1326.5 1351.3 850.1 770.4 716.4 497.2
1 China People's Republic of China 831.7 808.4 803.8 822.7 779.0 724.7 683.3 626.7 573.6 500.3 494.9 128.5 66.4 37.1 14.0
-  European Union[12] 168.7 162.3 166.2 169.3 166.4 168.6 177.7 172.8 139.3 198.2 210.2 193.5 191.8 208.0 n/a
2 Japan Japan 104.7 104.8 105.2 110.7 110.6 107.2 107.6 109.6 87.5 118.7 120.2 106.4 110.3 111.4 62.0
3 India India 101.4 95.6 89.6 87.3 81.2 77.3 72.2 68.3 62.8 57.8 53.5 26.9 15.0 9.5 6.3
4 United States United States 81.6 78.6 78.9 88.2 87.0 88.6 86.2 80.6 58.2 91.4 98.1 101.8 89.7 101.4 115.0
5 Russia Russia 71.3 70.8 71.1 71.5 69.4 70.6 68.7 66.9 60.0 68.5 72.4 59.1 n/a[13] n/a[13] n/a[13]
6 South Korea South Korea 71.1 68.6 69.7 71.5 66.0 69.3 68.5 58.5 48.6 53.6 51.5 43.1 23.1 8.5 0.3
7 Germany Germany 43.6 42.1 42.7 42.9 42.6 42.7 44.3 43.8 32.7 45.8 48.6 46.4 44.0 51.1 41.3
8 Turkey Turkey 37.5 33.2 31.5 34.0 34.7 35.9 34.1 29.0 25.3 26.8 25.8 14.3 9.4 2.5 1.0
9 Brazil Brazil 34.4 30.2 33.3 33.9 34.2 34.7 35.2 32.8 26.5 33.7 33.8 27.9 20.6 15.3 3.6
10 Italy Italy 24.0 23.3 22.0 23.7 24.1 27.2 28.7 25.8 19.7 30.6 31.6 26.8 25.5 26.5 15.9
11  Taiwan 23.2 21.8 21.4 23.1 22.3 20.7 20.2 19.8 15.8 19.9 20.9
12 Ukraine Ukraine 22.7 24.2 22.9 27.2 32.8 32.9 35.3 33.6 29.9 37.3 42.8 31.8 54.6[13] 52.3[13] n/a[13]
13 Iran Iran 21.8 17.9 16.1 16.3 15.4 14.5 13.0 12.0 10.9 10.0 10.1 6.6 1.4 0.5 -
14 Mexico Mexico 20.0 19.0 18.3 19.0 18.2 18.1 18.1 17.0 14.2 17.2 17.6 15.6 8.7 7.1 3.0
15 France France 15.5 14.6 15.0 16.1 15.7 15.6 15.8 15.4 12.8 17.9 19.3 21.0 19.0 23.1 19.6
16 Spain Spain 14.5 13.6 14.9 14.3 13.7 13.6 15.6 16.3 14.3 18.6 19.0 15.8 12.9 12.8 4.5
17 Canada Canada 13.7 12.7 12.5 12.7 12.4 13.5 13.1 13.0 9.0 14.8 15.6 16.6 12.3 15.9 8.8
18 Poland Poland 10.3 8.9 9.1 8.6 8.0 8.4 8.8 8.0 7.2 9.7 10.6 10.5 13.6 19.5 10.4
19 Vietnam Vietnam 10.3[14] 5.2[14] 5.7 5.9 5.6 5.3 4.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 -
20 Austria Austria 8.1 7.4 7.7 7.9 7.9 7.4 7.5 7.2 5.7 7.6 7.6 5.7 4.3 4.6 3.0
21 Belgium Belgium 7.7 7.7 7.2 7.3 7.1 7.4 8.1 8.1 5.6 10.7 10.7 11.6 11.5 12.3 9.7
22 United Kingdom United Kingdom 7.5 7.6 10.8 12.1 11.9 9.6 9.5 9.7 10.1 13.5 14.3 15.2 17.8 11.3 24.3
23 Egypt Egypt 6.8 5.0 5.5 6.5 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.7 5.5 6.2 6.2 2.8 2.2 1.0 0.4
24 Netherlands Netherlands 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.9 6.9 6.7 5.2 6.8 7.4 5.7 5.4 5.3 3.4
25 South Africa South Africa 6.3 6.1 7.6 6.6 7.2 7.1 6.7 8.5 7.5 8.3 9.1 8.5 8.7 9.1 3.7
26 Australia Australia 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.9 6.4 7.3 5.2 7.6 7.9 7.1 6.6 7.6 6.3
27 Slovakia Slovakia 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6 3.7 4.5 5.1 3.7 5.1[15] n/a[15] n/a[15]
28 Pakistan Pakistan 5.0 3.6 2.9 2.4 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.2 2.0 1.1 1.0 0.8 - -
29 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 4.8[14] 5.5 5.7 6.3 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.6 3.0 1.8 0.1 -
Indonesia Indonesia n/a 4.8 4.9 4.4 2.6 2.3 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.9 4.1 2.9 2.8 0.5 -
30 Sweden Sweden 4.7 4.62 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.8 2.8 5.2 5.7 5.2 4.5 4.2 4.7
31 Argentina Argentina 4.6 4.1 5.0 5.5 5.2 5.0 5.7 5.1 4.0 5.5 5.4 4.5 3.6 2.7 1.3
32 Czech Republic Czech Republic 4.6 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.6 5.2 4.6 6.4 7.1 6.2 9.7[15] n/a[15] n/a[15]
33 Thailand Thailand 4.5 3.8 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.3 4.2 3.7 3.6 5.2 5.6 2.1 0.7 0.5 -
34 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.9 4.7 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.8 4.7 7.4[13] n/a[13] n/a[13]
35 Finland Finland 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.1 4.4 4.4 4.1 2.9 2.5 0.4
Romania Romania n/a 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.8 3.9 2.7 5.0 6.3 4.7 9.7 13.2 4.1
36 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.4 2.9 2.4 2.0 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 - - n/a
Malaysia Malaysia n/a 2.8 3.8 4.3 4.7 5.6 5.9 4.1 4.0 6.4 6.9 3.7 1.1 0.2 0.1
37 Qatar Qatar 2.6 2.5 2.6 3.0 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.4 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.5 -
38 Belarus Belarus 2.4 2.2 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.4 1.5 1.5[13] - -
39 Luxembourg Luxembourg 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.1 2.6 2.9 2.6 3.6 4.6 4.5
Portugal Portugal n/a 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.9 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.3
 Others[16] n/a n/a n/a n/a 28.4 29.5 29.9 26.5 (est.) 23.3 (est.) 28.6 (est.) 30.7 (est.) n/a n/a n/a n/a

Exports[edit]

Top steel exporters in 2013[17]
Rank Country Mt
1 China 61.5
2 Japan 42.5
- European Union[18] 38.7
3 South Korea 50.7
4 Ukraine 24.7
4 Germany 24.3
6 Russia 23.6
7 Turkey 17.3
8 Italy 16.9
9 France 14.2
10 Belgium 13.9
11 United States 12.5
12 Taiwan 11.6
13 India 10.1
14 Spain 9.3
15 Netherlands 8.8
Top steel net exporters in 2013[17]
Rank Country Mt
1 China 46.8
2 Japan 37.1
3 Ukraine 23.0
4 Russia 17.1
5 South Korea 9.9
- European Union[18] 7.9
6 Brazil 4.4
7 Taiwan 3.8
7 Belgium 3.8
9 Austria 3.7
10 Turkey 2.8
11 Netherlands 2.6
11 Slovakia 2.6
13 India 2.3

Imports[edit]

Top steel importers in 2013[17]
Rank Country Volume
- European Union[18] 30.8
1 United States 30.3
2 Germany 22.1
3 South Korea 19.0
4 Thailand 15.9
5 Italy 15.6
6 China 14.8
7 Turkey 14.5
8 France 13.2
9 Indonesia 12.3
10 Belgium 10.1
11 Vietnam 10.0
12 Canada 8.9
13 Poland 8.1
14 Taiwan 7.8
15 Mexico 7.7
Top steel net importers in 2013[17]
Rank Country Volume
1 United States 17.8
2 Thailand 14.4
3 Indonesia 11.6
4 Vietnam 8.6
5 Saudi Arabia 6.4
6 United Arab Emirates 5.3
7 Algeria 5.1
8 Philippines 4.8
9 Iraq 4.5
10 Egypt 3.9
10 Singapore 3.9
12 Hong Kong 3.2
13 Canada 3.1
13 Poland 3.1
15 Iran 2.7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Steel Association Archived 2010-11-29 at the Wayback Machine. World Crude Steel Production 2009
  2. ^ World Crude Steel Production 2010 Archived 2011-09-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ World Crude Steel Production 2011[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved 2014-07-27.  World Crude Steel Production 2012
  5. ^ "World Steel Production 1980-2013" (PDF). World Steel Association. Nov 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 April 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "Handbook of World Steel Statistics" (PDF). 1978. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "Monthly crude steel production - 2017" (PDF). World Steel Assoctiation. 2018-01-24. Retrieved 2018-02-04. 
  8. ^ "Monthly crude steel production" (PDF). World Steel Association. 24 Apr 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  9. ^ "Steel Statistical Yearbook 2016" (PDF). World Steel Association. 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  10. ^ "Steel Statistical Yearbook 2015" (PDF). World Steel Association. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 November 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  11. ^ "World Steel Statistics data 2013" (PDF). World Steel Association. 23 January 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  12. ^ EEC until 1993
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Was part of Soviet Union USSR until 1992
  14. ^ a b c partial data
  15. ^ a b c d e f Was part of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia until 1993
  16. ^ composition of other countries vary year to year, thus is not comparable
  17. ^ a b c d World Steel Association: WORLD STEEL IN FIGURES 2014 Archived 2014-07-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ a b c excluding intra-regional trade

External links[edit]