|Born||14 November 1962|
|Alma mater||Istituto Superiore per le Industrie Artistiche|
|Known for||Dolce & Gabbana|
|Partner||Domenico Dolce (1982–2003)|
Stefano Gabbana (Italian pronunciation: [ˈsteːfano ɡabˈbaːna]; born 14 November 1962) is an Italian fashion designer and, along with Domenico Dolce, the co-founder of the Dolce & Gabbana luxury fashion house.
Gabbana was born in Milan to a father who worked in a printing factory and a mother who worked for a laundry service. His family is from Veneto: his mother was born in Ceggia and his father in Cessalto. He graduated from the Istituto Superiore per le Industrie Artistiche, a design institute in Rome.
In 1980, Gabbana met Sicilian Domenico Dolce through Dolce's employer, designer Giorgio Correggiari. Correggiari, who died in 2012, was extremely influential on the pair, Gabbana said in 2013: "He was not very famous. But for us he was important. He taught us especially what 'not' to do."
In 1983, Gabbana and Dolce left Correggiari to work on their own; two years later, they launched Dolce & Gabbana S.p.A. (D&G).
In October 1985, the Dolce & Gabbana brand made its fashion show debut at Milano Collezioni's Nuovi Talenti (New Talents). In March 1986, D&G released its first collection and held its own show, "Real Women." In 1987, the first D&G store opened in Milan, at 7 Via Santa Cecilia. In 1988, D&G established a partnership with Dolce's father, Saverio, who owned the manufacturing company Dolce Saverio in Legnano, near Milan.
D&G continued to expand, holding its first fashion shows in Tokyo (April 1989) and New York (April 1990), and releasing new collection lines, including its first lingerie and beachwear line in July 1989, and its first menswear line in January 1990. In November 1990, D&G opened its New York City showroom at 532 Broadway in SoHo, Manhattan. D&G released its first fragrance, Dolce & Gabbana Parfum, in October 1992.
In 1993, the Italian designers received worldwide fame when Madonna chose D&G to design the costumes for her Girlie Show World Tour. They have since gone on to design for Monica Bellucci, Kylie Minogue, Angelina Jolie and Isabella Rossellini.
Later additions to the D&G line included ties, belts, handbags, sunglasses, watches and footwear. By 2003, the company sold more products in Italy than Armani, Gucci, Prada, and Versace. In 2009, nearly 25 years after D&G opened, the company had 113 stores and 21 factory outlets, a staff of 3,500 people and an annual turnover of more than €1 billion.
Gabbana and Dolce were an open couple for many years. Following their success, they lived in a 19th-century villa in Milan, and owned several properties on the French Riviera. They ended their long-time relationship in 2003, but the pair still work together at D&G.
In 2013, both Stefano Gabbana and Domenico Dolce were convicted of tax evasion and sentenced to a 20-month suspended sentence in prison. An Italian court found the pair guilty of failing to declare millions of euros of revenue earned through a D&G subsidiary company, Gado, based in Luxembourg. They denied the charges and appealed the case; in October 2014 they were both cleared of wrongdoing by the appellate court.
In March 2015, singer-songwriter Elton John called for a boycott of the D&G brand after Dolce referred to babies born through in vitro fertilization as "chemistry children and synthetic children" in an interview. This sparked a war of words, with Gabbana later calling John a "fascist" and calling for a counter-boycott. However, he later clarified that his views on IVF were separate from that of Dolce. When asked on CNN whether he supported IVF, he responded: "Yeah, I don't have anything bad (to say), because the beauty of the world is freedom" and "We love gay couple. We are gay. We love gay couple. We love gay adoption. We love everything. It's just an express of my private point of view."
On 21 November 2018, Gabbana was publicly exposed on Instagram for making racist comments regarding China, including "China ignorant dirty smelling mafia" and calling China "a shitty country". The Shanghai D&G Great Show 2018 was cancelled because of the commercials and his comments. Dolce & Gabbana said the account was hacked and it loved China and its culture. On 1 December, Dolce & Gabbana deleted the apology video on Weibo.
Gabbana and Dolce have received numerous honours for their fashion and cultural contributions. Their first fashion award, the International Woolmark Prize, came in 1991. In 1993, their Dolce & Gabbana Parfum was named the Best Fragrance of the Year.
In 2009, the City of Milan awarded them the Ambrogino Gold medal; in 2014, they announced intentions to return it after a city council member called them tax evaders. In 2014, the La Fondazione NY, a charity aimed at supporting young Italian and American artists, honoured Gabbana, Dolce and Luhrmann at its third awards gala at the Museum of the Moving Image in New York City. "We live with movies - our inspiration all the time is movies and we make our collection like a movie," Gabbana said during the event.
Film and television
Gabbana appears in the 2013 documentary, Scatter My Ashes at Bergdorf's, made about the fashion industry. He also made a cameo appearance in Woody Allen's film To Rome with Love in 2012, and was a presenter at the MTV Europe Music Awards in 2002. Gabbana also plays in Giuseppe Tornatore's 1995 movie The Star Maker (L'Uomo delle stelle in Italian).
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- Gian Antonio Stella (29 January 2013). "Sopravvivere con focacce e latte" [Surviving on buns and milk]. Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 19 March 2015.
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- Jacob Bernstein (18 March 2015). "Dolce & Gabbana Comments Trigger Public Outrage ... and Uncomfortable Silence". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- "Dolce & Gabbana cleared in Italian tax-evasion case". BBC News. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- Anna Coren; Madison Park (18 March 2015). "CNN Exclusive: Dolce & Gabbana: We don't judge on IVF". CNN. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- "China calls for understanding in Dolce & Gabbana insult row". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
- Morwenna Ferrier, "Dolce & Gabbana postpones Shanghai show amid racism row", The Guardian, Wed 21 November 2018.
- Associated Press, "Dolce & Gabbana calls off China show amid accusations of racism on social media", NBC News, 21 November 2018.
- Lucy Handley, "Dolce and Gabbana reportedly cancels Shanghai fashion show after racism accusations", CNBC, Tue, 20 November 2018.
- Stephy Chung & Oscar Holland, "Dolce & Gabbana cancels China show amid 'racist' ad controversy", CNN, 21 November 2018.
- Zhuang Pinghui, "Dolce & Gabbana cancels show in China after celebrities and models boycott over founder Stefano’s ‘racist online outburst’ and controversial ad campaign", The South China Morning Post, Thursday, 22 November 2018.
- "Dolce & Gabbana to return Milan award after tax dispute". ANSA. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- Valeria Robecco (11 December 2014). "Dolce and Gabbana honoured by La Fondazione NY". ANSA. Retrieved 19 March 2015.