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Temporal range: Miocene–Holocene
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Stegodontidae
Osborn (1918)

Stegodontidae is an extinct family of proboscideans that lived from the Miocene through the Pleistocene period, endemic to Africa and Asia from 20.43 to 0.0041 Ma.[1] Although commonly regarded a family, they are often seen as a subfamily (Stegodontinae) of the true elephants (family Elephantidae).


Stegodontidae was named by Osborn (1918). It was assigned to Mammutoidea by Carroll (1988); to Elephantoidea by Lambert and Shoshani (1998); and to Elephantoidea by Shoshani et al. (2006).[2][3]


  1. ^ Paleobiology database: Stegodontidae basic info
  2. ^ R. L. Carroll. 1988. Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York 1-698
  3. ^ J. Shoshani, R. C. Walter, M. Abraha, S. Berhe, P. Tassy, W. J. Sanders, G. H. Marchant, Y. Libsekal, T. Ghirmai and D. Zinner. 2006. A proboscidean from the late Oligocene of Eritrea, a ‘‘missing link’’ between early Elephantiformes and Elephantimorpha, and biogeographic implications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103(46)