Stela of Akhenaten and his family
|Stela of Akhenaten and his family|
|Size||43.5 cm x 39 cm|
|Created||Amarna Period, 18th Dynasty, New Kingdom|
|Discovered||Haus Q 47.16, Tell el-Amarna, Middle Egypt|
|Present location||Egyptian Museum, Cairo|
The Stela of Akhenaten and his family is the name for an altar image in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo which depicts the Pharaoh Akhenaten, his queen Nefertiti, and their three children. The limestone stela with the inventory number JE 44865 is 43.5 × 39 cm in size and was discovered by Ludwig Borchardt in Haoue Q 47 at Tell-el Amarna in 1912. When the archaeological finds from Tell-el Amarna were divided on 20 January 1913, Gustave Lefebvre chose this object on behalf of the Egyptian Superintendency for Antiquities (the modern Supreme Council of Antiquities) instead of the Bust of Nefertiti.
On the left side Akhenaten sits on a stool, handing a jewel to his eldest daughter, Meritaten, who stands in front of him. Nefertiti sits opposite him, on the right hand side, playing with two of their daughters on her lap. These are Meketaten and Ankhesenpaaten. In the upper part, in the middle of the stela is the disk of the Aten, whose rays end in hands holding the symbol of life (Ankh) and are thereby depicted as life-bringing. In the background there are various inscriptions with the names and titles of the people depicted. The stela is bordered on three sides by a band of further hieroglyphs, marked with blue paint, which still partially survives. At the base of the stela are small holes on both sides which indicate that the stela was fitted with wings on each side.
The so-called "Doctrinal name" of the Aten used here is still in its first form. The stela's dating to the end of the first half of Akhenaten's reign follows from this, as well as the depiction of the daughters and stylistic features typical of the Amarna period.
Such stelae are typical of the Amarna period in Ancient Egypt and are found particularly in the graves at Amarna, which was the capital of Egypt under Akhenaten, with the name Akhetaten. These stelae were altars, which were placed in private chapels or houses for the worship of the royal family and the sun-god Aten.
Allegations of forgery
In an interview for Der Spiegel in 2009 in connection with his claim that the Bust of Nefertiti is a forgery] [note that Krauss does not claim that the bust of N. is a fake] the Egyptologist Rolf Krauss maintained that the Stela of Akhenaten is also a forgery. As a basis for his view, Krauss claimed, among other things, that the word Maat (truth, justice) is written incorrectly in four places. He further criticised the depiction of Akhenaten as left handed, which in his view is contrary to ancient Egyptian iconography. The yellow weathering on the stone was claimed to be fake, not a patina, with the support of colour analysis. Another Egyptologist, Christian Loeben commented favourably, "The relief is a pastiche, a fraudulently manufactured stylistic mishmash"
- Das Ägyptische Museum von Kairo. von Zabern, Mainz 1986, ISBN 3-8053-0640-7, No. 167.
- Wilfried Seipel in Exhibition catalogue Nofretete - Echnaton. von Zabern, Mainz 1976, Nr. 47.
- Cyril Aldred. Akhenaten and Nefertiti - Exhibition catalogue for the 150th anniversary of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, Brooklyn Museum/ Viking Press, New York 1973, ISBN 0670111392, p. 11, Fig. 2 (Illustration is reversed).
- Wilfried Seipel im Ausstellungskatalog Nofretete - Echnaton, Nr. 47
- "Krimi um die Königin"; Matthias Schulz, in Der Spiegel, Issue No.22 of 25 May 2009, pages 134-135 Archived 2 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine