Sten Sture the Younger
|Sten Sture the Younger|
|Reign||23 July 1512 – 3 February 1520|
3 February 1520|
On the ice of lake Mälaren
|Burial||Corpse exhumed and burned at the Stockholm Bloodbath|
|Mother||Iliana Gisladotter Gädda|
At the death of his father, the regent Svante, young Sten was only 18 years old. High Councillor Eric Trolle was chosen as regent by the council—he supported union with Denmark. However, young Sten utilized the castles and troops fiefed to him by his late father and made a coup. After Sten promised to continue union negotiations with Denmark, the High Council accepted him as regent instead of Trolle.
In reality, lord Sten's purpose was to keep Sweden independent of Denmark. He took the Sture name, heritage from his great-grandmother, because it symbolized independence of Sweden as reminder of Sten Sture the Elder, his father's third cousin.
Finally, Christian II started an invasion of Sweden. Regent Sten was mortally wounded at the battle of Bogesund on 19 January 1520, in the last part of Christian II of Denmark's war against Sweden, and died on the ice of lake Mälaren on his way back to Stockholm.
Christian II was enthroned in Sweden and archbishop Gustav had his revenge against supporters of Sture and against those who deposed the archbishop: he listed those enemies and accusations against them, dubbing them as heretics. King Christian had those accused executed at the Stockholm bloodbath in late 1520, including Sten Sture's corpse which was desecrated as a heretic's (burnt at the stake).
His marriage to Christina Gyllenstierna, great-granddaughter of King Charles VIII, in 1511 produced the son Svante Stensson Sture, later elevated to be 1st Count Sture, Count of Stegeholm. In the 20th century, his distant direct descendant, Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha married the hereditary Prince Gustaf Adolf, and with Sibylla's son, King Carl XVI Gustav of Sweden, Sten Sture the younger's blood returned to the Swedish throne.
This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Bain, Robert (1911). "Sture". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 1051–1052.
- Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Sture". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- Works by or about Sten Sture the Younger in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- http://www.historiesajten.se/visainfo.asp?id=229 (Sweden)
Sten Sture the YoungerBorn: 1493 Died: 5 February 1520
| Regent of Sweden
as King of Sweden