Stenka-class patrol boat
Russian Maritime Border Guard Stenka class patrol craft PSKR-721
|Name:||Stenka class (Project 205P)|
|Displacement:||172 tons standard, 245 tons full load|
|Propulsion:||3× M504 B2 Diesels; 12,500 hp|
|Range:||500 nm at 35 knots|
|Crew:||32 / 34|
|Radar: Pot drum. Sonar: Bronza Hull mounted high frequency, high frequency dipping sonar|
The Stenka-class is the NATO reporting name for a class of patrol boats built for the Soviet Navy and Soviet Allies. The Soviet designation was Project 205P Tarantul (not to be confused with the Tarantul-class corvette). The boats are an anti-submarine patrol boat version of the Osa-class missile boat.
Project 205P Stenka is a variant of the Project 205 Osa missile boat. The Stenka used the hull of the Osa class and had a slightly larger crew. The development office of the "Alma" Shipyard in Leningrad used the standardized components of the Osa missile fast patrol boat, in order to develop an anti submarine boat. The anti ship missile launch containers were replaced by four torpedo tubes but the anti-ship missile related structures and equipment were retained. The living spaces in the Stenka were improved for long patrol endurance by raising the superstructure in order to create more usable space inside, compared to the Project 205 Osa missile boat. They also installed a more powerful air conditioner.
The drive system is three diesel radial engines of the type M504 B2 with a total capacity of 15,000 hp.
The primary ASW weapon for combating submarines were SET-40 torpedoes. The boats has four 406-mm torpedo tubes installed on the deck in the aft part of the boats, two on the port side and two on starboard side.
Behind the torpedo tubes on the aft deck, in the port and starboard sides, are each one Abrollgestell depth charge launcher. Twelve depth charges, six for each launcher can be carried.
As the boats of the Project 205 Osa class, the Project 205P Stenka boats has two radar-controlled AK-230 30-mm twin guns, one in the bow, the other at the rear.
One of the boats was tested with a 57-mm gun AK-725 on the bow and received a modified project number - 205PE.
The 205P project air and surface search radar is a NATO "Pot Drum" MR-102 or a NATO "Peel Cone" "positive" - Radar installed on the mast, with two antennae for the NATO "High Pole B" friend or foe identification system. The NATO "Drum Tilt" type MR-104 radar is mounted on the rear of the superstructure For directing the fire of the two AK-230 guns. The ships have an MG-345 "Bronza" submarine search system fitted, consisting of a submersible Project 133.1 MG-329 "Sheksna" sonar with an MG-11 "Tamir-11" sonar sensor built into the fuselage.
A total of 114 or 117 (sources vary) boats were built between 1967 and 1990. They were operated by the Maritime Border Guard
The Soviet Union classified the boats of their border troops as "border guard ships" (Russian Пограничные сторожевые корабли (ПСКР)) and the five boats in the Navy as gunboats (Russian артиллерийский катер). A similar allocation of boats for submarine patrol are assigned into the border guards, which is rather unusual in NATO countries, and so the Project 205P patrol boat identification is used.
- Russian Navy - About 19 survivors are operated by the Russian Coast Guard
- Azerbaijan Navy - 5 boats
- Ukrainian Navy - 10? boats (may be operated by the Ukrainian Sea Guard)
- Georgian Navy - 2 boats (1 - "Batumi" was scrapped in 2006, another - Giorgi Toreli sunk in the Battle off the coast of Abkhazia)
- History, Chapter 7: For the protection of the maritime borders. http://www.almaz.spb.ru/index.php?module=history&tema=charter7 (in Russian)
- Артиллерийский катер „АК-225“ Patrouillenboot, Projekt 205P, Liste der Boote (in Russian)
- ПСКР проекта 205П Schiffliste von Projekt 205p auf russian-ships.info (in Russian)
- Gardiner, Robert (ed.) (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. London: Conway Maritime. ISBN 0851776051. OCLC 34284130. Also published as Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1557501327. OCLC 34267261.
- Юрий В. Апальков: Корабли ВМФ СССР. Том II. Ударные корабли. Часть II. Малые ракетные корабли и катера. (etwa: Juri W. Apalkow: Schiffe der Sowjetischen Marine. – Teil II „U-Jagd-Schiffe“ Abschnitt 2 „Kleine-Raketen-Schiffe und Boote“. Galea Print, 2004, ISBN 5-8172-0087-2. (in Russian)
- Jane's Fighting Ships 2004–2005. Jane's Information Group, ISBN 0-7106-2623-1.
- Conway's all the Worlds Fighting Ships Naval Institute. Press Annapolis, Maryland 1947–1995.
- Norman Friedman: The Naval Institute guide to world naval weapon systems. US Naval Institute Press, 1997, ISBN 1557502684.