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Starr 031108-0098 Stenotaphrum secundatum.jpg
St. Augustine grass
(Stenotaphrum secundatum)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Genus: Stenotaphrum
Type species
Stenotaphrum glabrum
(syn of S. dimidiatum)[2]
  • Diastemenanthe Desv.
  • Ophiurinella Desv.

Stenotaphrum is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family.

The name is derived from the Greek words στενός (stenos), meaning "narrow", and τάϕρος (taphros), meaning "trench." It refers to cavities in the raceme axis.[3][4][5]

  1. Stenotaphrum clavigerum StapfAldabra Island and Assumption Island (both parts of Seychelles)
  2. Stenotaphrum dimidiatum (L.) Brongn.PembagrassTanzania, Mozambique, South Africa, Madagascar + other Indian Ocean islands, Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Pen Malaysia
  3. Stenotaphrum helferi Munro ex Hook.f.Myanmar, Thailand, Pen Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Yunnan
  4. Stenotaphrum micranthum (Desv.) C.E.HubbTanzania, Queensland; various islands of Indian + Pacific Oceans + South China Sea
  5. Stenotaphrum oostachyum BakerMadagascar[7]
  6. Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walter) KuntzeSt. Augustine grass, Charleston grass, "buffalo grass" – Americas from Virginia + California to Uruguay[3][8]
  7. Stenotaphrum unilaterale BakerMadagascar[7]

formerly included[2]

see Parapholis


  1. ^ "Genus: Stenotaphrum Trin.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-09. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  2. ^ a b c d Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. Volume III P-Z. CRC Press. pp. 2146–2148. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5. 
  4. ^ Flora of China, 钝叶草 dun ye cao Stenotaphrum helferi Munro ex J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India. 7: 91.
  5. ^ Atlas of Living Australia
  6. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Stenotaphrum". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  7. ^ a b Baker, John Gilbert. 1883. Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 20: 299
  8. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map

External links[edit]

Media related to Stenotaphrum at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Stenotaphrum at Wikispecies