From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Stenothyra hybocystoides shell.png
A drawing of an apertural view of Stenothyra hybocystoides, with operculum in place
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Littorinimorpha
Superfamily: Truncatelloidea
Family: Stenothyridae
Tryon, 1866[1]
About 60 freshwater species

Stenothyridae is a family of small freshwater snails, snails with gills and an operculum, aquatic gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Truncatelloidea.[3]

This family has no subfamilies.[3]


There are known about 60 freshwater species of Stenothyridae in the Palearctic (6 species), Oriental (about 60 species) and Australasian region (about 5 species)[2] and some marine. There are 19 endemic species of Stenothyridae in the Lower Mekong River flowing through Thailand, Laos and Cambodia.[2]


American malacologist George Washington Tryon firstly defined this taxon as Stenothyrinæ in 1866.[1] Tryon's diagnosis reads as follows:[1]

Currently the genus Gabbia is classified within the family Bithyniidae.


Genera within the family Stenothyridae include:


The habitat of Stenothyridae include rivers, streams and estuaries.[2] Stenothyridae invaded freshwater habitats from marine ones in at least one independent lineage.[2] Some species of Stenothyridae are euryhaline and/or marine.[2] Probably there are some amphidromous (migrate from freshwater to the sea) species of Stenothyridae.[2]


This article incorporates public domain text from the reference[1]

  1. ^ a b c d Tryon G. W. (1866). "[Book review of] Researches upon the Hydrobiinae and allied forms by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, 8 vol. Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, August 1865. 58 pp". American Journal of Conchology 2(2): 152-158. page 155.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Strong E. E., Gargominy O., Ponder W. F. & Bouchet P. (2008). "Global Diversity of Gastropods (Gastropoda; Mollusca) in Freshwater". Hydrobiologia 595: 149-166. hdl:10088/7390 doi:10.1007/s10750-007-9012-6.
  3. ^ a b c Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P.; Frýda J.; Hausdorf B.; Ponder W.; Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  4. ^ Glöer P. & Pešić V. (2009). "New freshwater gastropod species of the Iran (Gastropoda: Stenothyridae, Bithyniidae, Hydrobiidae)". Mollusca 27(1): 33-39.
  5. ^ "Stenothyridae". The Taxonomicon, last update 21 March 2011, accessed 23 July 2011.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stenothyridae.