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Step Back in Time

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"Step Back in Time"
An image of a woman (Kylie Minogue) wearing a gold-like dress, and standing in front of a blue-ish white background with lights. The song title, a backwards clock, and the woman's name is superimposed on the cover.
Single by Kylie Minogue
from the album Rhythm of Love
Released 22 October 1990
Format
Recorded 1990
Genre
Length 3:05
Label
Writer(s)
Producer(s) Stock Aitken and Waterman
Kylie Minogue singles chronology
"Better the Devil You Know"
(1990)
"Step Back in Time"
(1990)
"What Do I Have to Do"
(1991)

"Step Back in Time" is a song recorded by Australian singer Kylie Minogue, taken from her third studio album Rhythm of Love (1990). It was released as the album's second single on 22 October 1990, and distributed by PWL and Mushroom as a CD single, cassette tape and 12" and 7" vinyls. The track was written, arranged, and produced by Mike Stock, Matt Aitken, Pete Waterman, who are collectively known as Stock Aitken and Waterman, and was recorded in London, United Kingdom. Musically, it is a disco song that lyrically pays tribute to the 1970s culture.

"Step Back in Time" received positive reviews from music critics. Some had selected the single as one of Minogue's best work, and many complimented the backing track and production. Commercially, the single experienced success in regions such as Australia, United Kingdom, Finland, and Ireland, whilst peaking inside the top 40 in countries like France, New Zealand, and Switzerland. However, it was only certified Gold by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) for physical shipments of 35,000 units.

An accompanying music video was directed by visual artist Nick Egan, which paid homage to the 1970s culture and figures. The song has been performed on several concert tours by Minogue including Rhythm of Love Tour (1991), On a Night Like This (2001), Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour (2005) and most recently on her Kylie Summer 2015 tour. Since its release, "Step Back in Time" has been used in several media including an appearance in the 2013 British comic science fiction film The World's End.

Background and composition[edit]

"Step Back in Time" was written, arranged, and produced by Mike Stock, Matt Aitken, Pete Waterman, who are collectively known as Stock, Aitken and Waterman. It was recorded in London, England, whilst Stock and Aitken provided instrumentation including keyboards, drums, trumpets and guitars; the song was mixed by Phil Harding and Ian Curnow at Larrabee Studios in North Hollywood, California.[1] After Minogue's musical adaption to mainstream dance and disco music, particularly experimented with the predecessor single "Better the Devil You Know", "Step Back in Time" was composed as a disco song that intended to pay tribute to the 1970s culture and sound.[2] According to Minogue's official website, the lyrical content "paid homage to the classic songs and dance moves of the disco era."[3] However, Jon Kutner, who wrote the book 1000 UK Number One Hits, labelled the sound as a "jingly pop song".[4] According to the demo sheet music at Music Notes published by Universal Music Publishing Group, the song is set in E Minor and has a time signature of common time with a tempo of 126 beats per minute. During the opening sequence and first verse, it has a chord progression of Em-D-G/D-Cm7♭5-C-Bm7-Em-D-C/D-Cm7♭5-C-Bm7-Em-Em9, and Minogue's vocals span between the notes B4 and B5.[5] In retrospect, Waterman commented that the production and completion of "Step Back in Time" took longer to create than expected.[6]

Release and reception[edit]

Originally, the follow-up single, "What Do I Have to Do?", from Rhythm of Love was intended to be released after "Better the Devil You Know", but PWL executives scrapped the idea and changed it to "Step Back in Time".[7] "Step Back in Time" was released as the album's second single on 22 October 1990, and distributed by PWL and Mushroom.[8] A standard 12" and 7" vinyl was released worldwide, and featured the original recording, instrumental version and the Walkin' Rhythm mix; in the UK, the original recording was omitted.[8][9][10] In November 1990, a CD single was issued by PWL in Japan; it was distributed worldwide that same month.[11] In France, a special mini CD included the original recording and instrumental version, alongside a cassette tape in Australia.[12][13] As part of the PWL Archives, a 10-track EP was released on iTunes Store in 2009.[14]

"Step Back in Time" received positive reviews from most music critics. British author and music critic Adrian Denning selected the single as the best offering on Rhythm of Love (1990), stating that he preferred it over the "more popular 'Better the Devil You Know'." Denning commended the production of the song, more so complimented the backing track.[15] Similarly, Nick Levine from Digital Spy pointed out the song as one of the better cuts from the parent album.[16] AllMusic's Chris True, who wrote the biography of Minogue on the website, selected the track amongst some of Minogue's best work.[17] However, in a separate review of the single, True awarded the single two stars out of five.[18]

Commercial performance[edit]

Commercially, the single experienced success in regions such as Australia, United Kingdom, and Ireland. It debuted at number eight on the Australian Singles Chart, the highest debut of the chart week 2 December 1990, and peaked at number five the following week.[19][20] The single was certified Gold by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) for physical shipments of 35,000 units in that region.[21] It had a similar chart run on the UK Singles Chart, where it debuted at number nine, and peaked at number four the following week. It stayed inside the top 10 for three weeks, and the top 100 chart for eight weeks in total.[22] It peaked at number four on the Irish Singles Chart, her second consecutive single to peak in that position after "Better the Devil You Know", and was present for six weeks in total.[23]

Outside of these regions, "Step Back in Time" experienced moderate success. In New Zealand, it entered at number 36 on the singles chart. It peaked at number 21 in its third week, but fell outside the top 50 the following week.[24] It peaked at number 19 in Sweden, and fell to number 20 the following week; it was present for two charting weeks.[25] In the Belgium region Flanders, it debuted at number 22 and reached number 11 in its third week; it stayed there for three consecutive weeks, and stayed in the top 100 chart for 10 weeks.[26] It stayed inside the German Singles Chart for 15 weeks, peaking at number 36, and peaked at number 23 on the French Singles Chart for the same charting span as the former chart.[27][28] Elsewhere, the single reached number 29 in Switzerland and 36 on the Dutch Top 40 chart.[29][30]

Music video[edit]

An accompanying music video was directed by visual artist Nick Egan in Los Angeles, Minogue's first video to have been shot outside of Australia or United Kingdom.[2] According to British fashion designer and Minogue's long-term friend William Baker, who contributed to writing Minogue's biography Kylie: La La La (2002), he wrote that Minogue wanted to pay homage to the 1970s culture and figures, as she believed that was the era that celebrated disco music.[2][31] The video opens with Minogue putting a cassette tape in a stereo, and moves to momentss with Minogue and back-up dancers dancing near a large cityscape; intercut scenes have Minogue in a blue room wearing colourful clothing. Minogue and the back-up dancers are driving in a red Cadillac throughout Los Angeles. Another shot, which inspired by the artwork of the single, featured Minogue in a green and pink dress dancing in front of the wall of patterns and lights. Throughout the video, majority of the scenes repeat and has Minogue singing the entire track.[32] According to British author Sean Smith, who had written a biography detailing Minogue's career, the video "positioned Minogue as a dance artist", but stated that the public was "not convinced" and attracted negative commentary upon its release.[31]

Live performances[edit]

"Step Back in Time" has been performed on several concert tours by Minogue. The tracks first appearance was during her Rhythm of Love Tour, which was included as the opening number to the concert.[2] It appeared again as the opening track to Minogue's follow-up Let's Get to It Tour, and was included on the live release that was recorded in Dublin, Ireland.[33] It was used on Minogue's 1998 Intimate and Live show, which appeared on the third segment.[34] It was sung during her Hits Medley section during the 2001 On a Night Like This Tour, and was included on the live DVD of the show.[35] On her 2005 Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour in London, United Kingdom, a sample of the track was sung during the performance of her 2000 single "Spinning Around".[36] This act was re-vamped and was sampled again on the shows extension Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour, which was a comeback after her diagnosis of breast cancer in May 2005.[37][38] It appeared during the Black Verses White segment, and was then added to the set list of Minogue's 2015 Kiss Me Once Tour.[39][40] The single's most recent appearance was during her Kylie Summer 2015 circuit, which was an extension from Kiss Me Once; it was added as the opening number to the second segment of the show.[41] Minogue had also performed the track as part of a medley for the 2012 Queen's Diamond Jubilee concert in London, United Kingdom.[42]

Other uses and appearances[edit]

"Step Back in Time" has appeared on numerous greatest hits compilation albums, throughout the years, conducted by Minogue, including Greatest Hits (1990), Ultimate Kylie (2004), and K25: Time Capsule (2012).[43][44] Alongside, the track has been remixed by different producers and musicians, and have been listed in remix and greatest hits albums by Minogue, with the Walkin' Rhythm mix included in Kylie's Remixes: Vol. 2 (1992) and two Greatest Remix Hits volumes; an extended version of the record presented on the Singles Collection (1990) and the fourth Greatest Remix Hits, the last of Minogue's series of remixes albums, issued in 1998 and the Harding/Curnow Remix, which appears on Greatest Remix Hits 3 (1998).[45] They were issued by numerous labels such as PWL, Mushroom, and Warner Music Australia.

Formats and track listings[edit]

Credits and personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from the CD liner notes of "Step Back in Time":[11]

Recording and mixing
Personnel

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA)[21] Gold 35,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

  1. ^ Minogue, Kylie (1990). Rhythm of Love (CD Album; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: PWL Records, Mushroom. RMD 53340. 
  2. ^ a b c d Baker, William; Minogue, Kylie (2002). Kylie: La La La. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-73439-6. 
  3. ^ Minogue, Kylie (2012). "Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time". Kylie Minogue's official website. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  4. ^ Kutner, Jon (1 July 2000). "1000 UK Number One Hits". Google Books. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  5. ^ Universal Music Publishing Group (publisher) (2010). "Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time". Music Notes. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Interview: Pete Waterman – with Kylie's first four albums getting the deluxe reissue treatment we talk to the producer behind them". Louder than War. 9 February 2015. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  7. ^ Minogue, Kylie (2012). "Kylie Minogue – What Do I Have to Do?". Kylie Minogue's official website. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d Minogue, Kylie (1990). Step Back in Time (12" vinyl; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Worldwide: PWL, Mushroom. PWLT 64. 
  9. ^ Minogue, Kylie (1990). Step Back in Time (12" vinyl; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Worldwide: PWL, Mushroom. X 14911. 
  10. ^ Minogue, Kylie (1990). Step Back in Time (7" vinyl; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Worldwide: PWL, Mushroom. K10258. 
  11. ^ a b c Minogue, Kylie (1990). Step Back in Time (CD single; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Worldwide: PWL. ALCB-154. 
  12. ^ a b Minogue, Kylie (1990). Step Back in Time (Mini CD; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. France: PWL, Mushroom. 656493 1. 
  13. ^ a b Minogue, Kylie (1990). Step Back in Time (Cassette tape; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: PWL, Mushroom. C10258. 
  14. ^ a b "Step Back in Time – Single – by Kylie Minogue". iTunes Store (United States). 2009. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  15. ^ Denning, Adrian (19 September 2010). "Kylie Minogue Reviews". Adrian Denning. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  16. ^ Levine, Nick (15 May 2010). "Kylie Revisited 3: Rhythm of Love". Digital Spy. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  17. ^ True, Chris (2010). "Kylie Minogue – Songs". AllMusic. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  18. ^ True, Chris (2010). "Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time". AllMusic. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  19. ^ Hung Median (2 December 1990). "Australian Charts Portal". Australian-charts.com. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  20. ^ a b Hung Median (22 October 1990). "Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time". Australian-charts.com. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  21. ^ a b Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988-2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing. 
  22. ^ a b "Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time". Official Charts Company. 22 October 1990. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  23. ^ a b "Irish Charts > Kylie Minogue". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved 5 September 2016.  Note: Type the song title and/or artist to receive information.
  24. ^ a b Hung Median (22 October 1990). "Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time". Charts.org.nz. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  25. ^ a b Hung Median (22 October 1990). "Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  26. ^ a b Hung Median (22 October 1990). "Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time". Ultratop.be. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  27. ^ a b "Offiziellen Deutschen Charts – Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time" (in German). Media Control Charts. 22 October 1990. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  28. ^ a b Hung Median (22 October 1990). "Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time". lescharts.com. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  29. ^ Hung Median (22 October 1990). "Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time". hitparade.ch. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  30. ^ a b Hung Median (22 October 1990). "Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  31. ^ a b Smith, Sean (2006). Kylie. Pocket. ISBN 1-84739-030-7. 
  32. ^ Minogue, Kylie (2004). Ultimate Kylie (DVD Compilation; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. United Kingdom: Parlophone. 544 3629. 
  33. ^ Minogue, Kylie (1992). Live in Dublin (VHS Live; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: Mushroom. V82459. 
  34. ^ Minogue, Kylie (1999). Intimate and Live (Live CD; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: Warner Music Australia, Mushroom. MUSH33183.2. 
  35. ^ Minogue, Kylie (2002). Live in Sydney (Live DVD; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Europe: Warner Music Australia. 0927 40553-2. 
  36. ^ Minogue, Kylie (2005). Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour (Live DVD; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: Warner Music Australia. 5101119762. 
  37. ^ "Kylie Minogue Has Breast Cancer". CBS News. 17 May 2005. Retrieved 24 March 2008. 
  38. ^ Minogue, Kylie (2007). Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour (Live CD; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Europe: Warner Music Australia. 385 3312. 
  39. ^ Minogue, Kylie (2008). KylieX2008 (Live DVD; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: Warner Music Australia. FHED2518. 
  40. ^ Minogue, Kylie (2015). Kiss Me Once Live at the SSE Hydro (Live DVD/CD; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: Warner Music Australia. 2564616308. 
  41. ^ Hawkes, Rebecca (22 June 2015). "Kylie, British Summer Time Hyde Park, review: 'a celebration'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  42. ^ Rolling Stone Staff (5 June 2012). "Kylie Minogue Sings Her Hits at the Queen's Diamond Jubilee". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  43. ^ a b Minogue, Kylie (1990). Greatest Hits (Compilation album; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: PWL Records. RMD 53366. 
  44. ^ a b Minogue, Kylie (2004). Ultimate Kylie (Compilation album; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: Mushroom. 338372. 
  45. ^ a b Minogue, Kylie (1998). Greatest Remix Hits 3 (Compilation album; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: Mushroom. MUSH33046.2. 
  46. ^ Minogue, Kylie (1993). Kylie's Non Stop History 50+1 (Compilation album; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: Mushroom. MUSH32208.2. 
  47. ^ a b Minogue, Kylie (2002). Greatest Remix 87–97 (Compilation album; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. United Kingdom: Mushroom. 9224682. 
  48. ^ Minogue, Kylie (2004). Greatest Hits: 87–99 (Compilation album; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: Festival Mushroom. 337492. 
  49. ^ Minogue, Kylie (2012). K25 Time Capsule (Box set; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: Mushroom. 531054255. 
  50. ^ Minogue, Kylie (1992). Kylie's Remixes: Vol. 2 (Compilation album; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Japan: PWL Records. ALCB-564. 
  51. ^ Minogue, Kylie (1993). Greatest Remix Hits Vol. I (Compilation album; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Japan: PWL Records. WMC5-681/2. 
  52. ^ Minogue, Kylie (1998). Greatest Remix Hits 1 (Compilation album; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: Mushroom. MUSH32213.2. 
  53. ^ Minogue, Kylie (1990). Singles Collection (Compilation album; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Japan: PWL Records. Y12-19. 
  54. ^ Minogue, Kylie (1998). Greatest Remix Hits 4 (Compilation album; Liner notes). Kylie Minogue. Australia: Mushroom. MUSH33104.2. 
  55. ^ Nyman, Jake (2005). Suomi soi 4: Suuri suomalainen listakirja (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Tammi. ISBN 951-31-2503-3. 
  56. ^ Hung Median (22 October 1990). "Kylie Minogue – Step Back in Time" (in Swiss). Hitparade.ch. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  57. ^ "The ARIA Australian Top 100 Singles Chart 1990 (61–100) (from The ARIA Report No. 50)". Imgur.com (original document published by ARIA). Retrieved 10 October 2016. 

External links[edit]