|Born||August 20, 1897|
Glukhi, Bychaw Raion, Mogilev Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||April 21, 1983 (aged 85)|
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Garrison Cemetery, Monino
|Allegiance|| Russian Empire (1916–1917)|
Soviet Union (1917–1966)
|Years of service||1916 – 1968|
|Rank||Marshal of the aviation|
|Commands held||2nd Air Army|
17th Air Army
|Battles/wars||World War I|
Russian Civil War
|Awards||Hero of the Soviet Union|
Sczyapan Yakimavich Krasoŭsky (Belorussian: Сцяпан Якімавіч Красоўскі, Russified: Stepan Akimovich Krasovskiy [Степан Акимович Красовский]; August 20 [O.S. August 8] 1897 - April 21, 1983) was a Soviet Air Force Marshal of the aviation.
Born to a peasant family, Krasovsky was drafted into the Imperial Russian Army at 1916 and participated in the First World War as a communications NCO in an air unit. Soon after the October Revolution, he joined the Red Guards, and later - the Red Army. Joining the Communist party on 1918, Krasovsky became an observation pilot, and was appointed commander of the 4th Army's air detachment on October 1919. He took part in the Civil War, fighting in the battles against Admiral Kolchak.
After a diverse service in the Air Force, Krasovsky graduated from the Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy at 1936. Afterwards, he supervised the Leningrad Military District's air component. During the Soviet-Finnish War, he commanded the 13th Air Army. At 4 June 1940, while supervising the Krasnodar Military Flight Academy, he was promoted to a major general. On June 1941, he was the chief of the North Caucasus Military District air component.
World War II
Soon after the German Invasion, Krasovsky was appointed commander of the 56th Army Aerial Detachment, on August 1941. He also commanded the Bryansk Front aerial units, and from November 1942 - the 17th Air Army, that participated in the Battle of Stalingrad. At 20 December that year, he was made a lieutenant general. From March 1943, Krasovsky headed the 2nd Air Army, an office he held until the war's end. His forces took part in the battles of Kursk, Eastern and Western Ukraine, Silesia and Berlin. On 4 February 1944, he was promoted to Colonel-General. On 29 May 1945, he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
Until 1947, Krasovsky remained the commander of the 2nd Air Army. Then, he was assigned as chief of the Air Force in the Far East. In September 1951, he was sent as an advisor to the Chinese Air Force for a year. After a further year as the commander of the Air Forces of the Moscow Military District, he returned to his former duty in the North Caucasus once more. From 1956 until retirement at 1968, Krasovsky was the commander of the Gagarin Air Force Academy, receiving his final promotion to Marshal of Aviation on 8 May 1959. He was also a member of the Central Auditing Commission from 1961 to 1966. In July 1970 he was called from retirement to serve as an inspector in the Ministry of Defense.
Honours and awards
- Hero of the Soviet Union (29 May 1945)
- Six Orders of Lenin
- Order of the October Revolution
- Order of the Red Banner, four times
- Order of Suvorov, 1st and 2nd class
- Order of Kutuzov, 1st class
- Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky, 1st class
- Order of the Red Star
- Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR, 3rd class
- Stepan Krasovsky on the Heroes of the USSR list.