Stephen Adams (politician)

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Stephen Adams
Stephen Adams.jpg
United States Senator
from Mississippi
In office
March 17, 1852 – March 4, 1857
Preceded byJohn J. McRae
Succeeded byJefferson Davis
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Mississippi's at-large district
In office
March 4, 1845 – March 3, 1847
Preceded byWilliam H. Hammett
Succeeded byno at-large seat
Member of the Mississippi House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born(1807-10-17)October 17, 1807
Pendleton, South Carolina
DiedMay 1, 1857(1857-05-01) (aged 49)
Memphis, Tennessee
Political partyDemocratic

Stephen Adams (October 17, 1807 – May 1, 1857) was a United States Representative and Senator from Mississippi.


Born in Pendleton, South Carolina, he moved with his parents to Franklin County, Tennessee in 1812. He attended the public schools, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1829, and was a member of the Tennessee Senate in 1833-1834.

He moved to Aberdeen, Mississippi in 1834 and commenced the practice of law; he was circuit court judge from 1837 to 1845, and was elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-ninth Congress, serving from March 4, 1845 to March 3, 1847. He again became a judge of the circuit court in 1848, was a member of the Mississippi House of Representatives in 1850 and was a delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1851.

Adams was elected to the U.S. Senate on February 19, 1852, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Jefferson Davis and served from March 17, 1852, to March 4, 1857; while in the Senate he was chairman of the Committee on Retrenchment (Thirty-third and Thirty-fourth Congresses).

He moved to Memphis, Tennessee and resumed the practice of law; he died there of smallpox [1]in 1857 and was interred in Elmwood Cemetery.


  • United States Congress. "Stephen Adams (id: A000048)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Stephen Adams at Find a Grave
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William H. Hammett
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Mississippi's at-large congressional district

1845 – 1847
Succeeded by
no at-large seat
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
John J. McRae
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Mississippi
March 17, 1852 – March 3, 1857
Served alongside: Walker Brooke and Albert G. Brown
Succeeded by
Jefferson Davis