Stephen Bayard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Stephen Bayard
39th Mayor of New York City
In office
September 29, 1744 – 1747
Preceded by John Cruger
Succeeded by Edward Holland
Personal details
Born Stephanus Bayard
May 31, 1700
New York City, New York, US
Died 1757
Bergen County, NJ, US
Spouse(s) Alida Vetch
(m. 1724)
Relations Nicholas Bayard (grandfather)
Stephen Van Cortlandt (grandfather)
William Bayard Jr. (grandson)
Children 8
Parents Samuel Bayard
Margaretta Van Cortlandt

Stephanus Bayard or Stephen Bayard (May 31, 1700 [baptized] – 1757) was the 39th Mayor of New York City from 1744 to 1747.

Early life[edit]

Stephanus Bayard was born in May 1700 to Judge Samuel Bayard (1669–1746) and Margaretta Van Cortlandt (1674–1719).[1] His paternal grandfather was Nicholas Bayard (c. 1644–1707), the 16th Mayor of New York City and a nephew of Peter Stuyvesant. His maternal grandparents were Stephen Van Cortlandt (1643–1700), the 17th Mayor of New York City, and Gertruj Schuyler, daughter of Philip Pieterse Schuyler.[2][3]

His siblings included Judith Bayard, who married Rip Van Dam, Nicholas Bayard (1698–1765), who married Elizabeth Rynders, Gertruyd Bayard, who married Peter Kemble (1704–1789), Samuel Bayard, who married Catharine Van Horn, and Margaretta Bayard (b. 1719) who married James Van Horn.[4]

Career[edit]

In 1725, Bayard wrote to Robert Livingston stating that 30 slaves died on a voyage to the colony due to a shortage of food and that Moses Levy is awaiting payment of Livingston's account.[5][6]

On September 29, 1744, Bayard was appointed the 39th Mayor of New York City for three consecutive one-year terms until 1747.[7][8] During his first year in office, he took steps to found a college in New York City, feeling that New Yorkers had neglected the interests of education. He initiated the raising of £2,250 for the foundation of a college, which was completed 10 years later and became King's College.[8]

In May 1745, his government prohibited skinners, leather dressers, and curriers from neighborhoods below the Collect and prohibited hatters and starch makers from pouring waste into the streets.[8]

Hoboken[edit]

Bayard had country estate and farm at Castle Point, called Hoboken, in Bergen County, New Jersey. After his death, his son, William Bayard, inherited the property. William, who originally supported the revolutionary cause, became a Loyalist Tory after the fall of New York in 1776 when the city and surrounding areas, including the west bank of the renamed Hudson River, were occupied by the British. At the end of the Revolutionary War, Bayard's property was confiscated by the Revolutionary Government of New Jersey. In 1784, the land described as "William Bayard's farm at Hoebuck" was bought at auction by Colonel John Stevens for £18,360 (then $90,000).[9]

Personal life[edit]

On March 12, 1724,[4] he married Alida Vetch (b. 1705), the only daughter of Samuel Vetch (1668–1732), the Royal Governor of Nova Scotia, and Margaret Livingston (1681–1758), a daughter of Robert Livingston and Alida Schuyler Van Rensselaer.[10][11] Together, they were the parents of eight children, including:[12]

  • Samuel Bayard
  • Nicholas Bayard
  • William Bayard (1729–1804), who married Catharine McEvers (1732–1814) in 1750,[13] who was a delegate to the 1765 Stamp Act Congress and loyalist in the Revolutionary War[14]
  • Stephen Bayard
  • Robert Bayard (1739–1819),[15] who married Rebecca Apthorp (1746–1772), daughter of Charles Apthorp, in 1766.[16] After her death, he married her sister, Elizabeth Apthorp (b. 1740), the widow of James McEvers, in 1773.[17]
  • Margaret Bayard

After his first wife's death, he married Eve Schuyler in New Barbadoes, New Jersey. They did not have any children.[18]

Descendants[edit]

His grandchildren included: Samuel Vetch Bayard (1757–1832), William Bayard Jr. (1761–1826), Mary Bayard (1779–1849),[19] and Elise Justine Bayard (1823–c.1852).[20]

His great-granddaughter, Harriet Elizabeth Bayard (1799–1875),[12] married General Stephen Van Rensselaer IV (1789–1868),[21] son of Stephen Van Rensselaer III, both distant cousins through the Van Cortlandt family.[22] His great-grandson, William Bayard Cutting (1850–1912), was a merchant, developer, and factory owner.[23]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Wardell, Patricia A. (2011). "Early Bergen County Families -- Bayard" (PDF). njgsbc.org. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Biographical Sketches of Wealthy Men of the Colonial Era in New York"
  3. ^ Lamb, Martha Joanna; Harrison, Mrs Burton (November 1, 2005). History of the City of New York: Its Origin, Rise, and Progress. Cosimo, Inc. ISBN 9781596052840. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Bulloch, M.D., Joseph Gaston Baillie (June 26, 1919). A History and Genealogy of the Families of Bayard, Houston of Georgia, and the Descent of the Bolton Family | From the Families of Assheton, Byron and Hulton (PDF). Washington, D.C.: James H. Dony, Printer. 
  5. ^ "Stephen Bayard to Robert Livingston re: loss of slaves during voyage - American History 1493-1945". www.americanhistory.amdigital.co.uk. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, New York. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  6. ^ "Stephen Bayard letters,1728-1743 :: New-York Historical Society, American Manuscripts". history.nnyln.org. New-York Historical Society. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  7. ^ King, Moses (1893). Kings Handbook of New York City. M. King. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c Caliendo, Ralph J. (May 1, 2010). New York City Mayors. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 9781450088145. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  9. ^ Short History of Hoboken, Hoboken Historical Museum. Accessed September 1, 2015.
  10. ^ Eaton, Arthur Wentworth Hamilton (1910). The History of Kings County, Nova Scotia, Heart of the Acadian Land, Giving a Sketch of the French and Their Expulsion: And a History of the New England Planters who Came in Their Stead, with Many Genealogies, 1604-1910. Salem Press Company. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  11. ^ Hess, p. 84
  12. ^ a b Bulloch, Joseph Gaston Baillie (1919). A History and Genealogy of the Families of Bayard, Houstoun of Georgia: And the Descent of the Bolton Family from Assheton, Byron and Hulton of Hulton Park, by Joseph Gaston Baillie Bulloch ... Washington, D.C.: James H. Dony, printer. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  13. ^ "THE VAN RENSSELAER FAMILY.; REMINISCENCES OF THEIR SETTLEMENT IN THIS STATE THEIR INFLUENCE AND POWER.". The New York Times. July 25, 1875. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  14. ^ Weslager (1976). The Stamp Act Congress. Newark, DE: Associated University Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-0874131116. 
  15. ^ Bayard, Robert; McEvers, James (1 January 1757). "Robert Bayard (1739-1819) Commissions and Letters, 1757-1830". New-York Historical Society. Retrieved 15 March 2017. Commission of Robert Bayard as lieutenant in the 80th Regiment, Light Armed Foot, under Colonel Thomas Gage, dated December 26, 1757. Signed by King George II. Commission of Robert Bayard as major, 60th or Royal American Regiment of Foot, commanded by Sir Henry Amherst. Signed by King George III. Certificate appointing Robert Bayard as collector of customs at Philadelphia, dated February 7, 1772. Commission from Governor William Tryon to Robert Bayard as judge of the Vice-Admiralty Court, New York; with seal attached. Dated December 6, 1776. Bond of Robert Bayard and Barlow Trecothick to Herbert Munster for £2,000, dated July 19, 1764. Two letters from Robert Bayard to James McEvers, New York, concerning McEvers' mother's health and other personal matters; dated Bath, July 3, 1785, and July 27, 1785 
  16. ^ New England Historic Genealogical Society. The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 1847–2011. Boston: The New England Historic Genealogical Society.
  17. ^ Henry Wilder Foote; John Carroll Perkins; Winslow Warren (1896). Annals of King's chapel from the Puritan age of New England to the present day. Little, Brown. pp. 143–144. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  18. ^ Reynolds, Cuyler (1914). Genealogical and Family History of Southern New York, Volume 3. New York: Lewis Publishing Company. pp. 1166, 1341. 
  19. ^ Lowndes, Arthur (Editor) (1912). Archives of the General Convention, Vol. III | The Correspondence of John Henry Hobart | 1802 To September 1804. New York: Privately printed. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  20. ^ William Smith Pelletreau (1907). Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Family History of New York. Lewis Publishing Company. p. 111. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 
  21. ^ Spooner, Walter Whipple (1 January 1900). "Van Rensselaer family". American Historical Magazine. [S.l. : s.n. (Vol. 2 Issue 1). Retrieved 8 November 2016. 
  22. ^ Murphy, Elizabeth Burbank. Bayard, Elizabeth Cornell. NCPedia. 1979. http://ncpedia.org/biography/bayard-elizabeth Accessed April 5, 2015
  23. ^ "W.B. CUTTING DIES ON TRAIN". The New York Times. 2 Mar 1912. p. 1. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
Sources