Stephen Chow

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Stephen Chiau Sing Chi
周星馳
ChowKL1 (cropped).JPG
Stephen Chiau Sing Chi in 2008.
PronunciationJāu Sīngchìh (Cantonese Yale)
Born (1962-06-22) 22 June 1962 (age 59)
Occupation
  • Director
  • film producer
  • playwright
  • actor
  • entrepreneur
  • comedian
Years active1980–present
Height1.7 m (5 ft 7 in)[1]
Parents
  • Chow Yik Sheung (father)
  • Ling Po Yee (mother)
FamilyChow Man Kei (sister)
Chow Sing Ha (sister)
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese周星馳
Simplified Chinese周星驰
Cantonese YaleJāu Sīngchìh

Stephen Chiau Sing Chi[2] (Chinese: , born 22 June 1962), professionally known as Stephen Chow, is a Hong Kong filmmaker,[3] actor,[4] and producer.

Early life and education[edit]

Stephen Chow was born in Hong Kong on 22 June 1962 to Ling Po Yee (凌寶兒), an alumna of Guangzhou Normal University, and Chow Yik Sheung (周驛尚), an immigrant from Ningbo, Zhejiang.[5] Chow has an elder sister named Chow Man Kei (周文姬) and a younger sister named Chow Sing Ha (周星霞).[6] Chow's given name "Sing-chi" (星馳) derives from Tang dynasty (618–907) Chinese poet Wang Bo's essay Preface to the Prince of Teng's Pavilion.[7] After his parents divorced when he was seven, Chow was raised by his mother.[7] Chow attended Heep Woh Primary School, a missionary school attached to the Hong Kong Council of the Church of Christ in China in Prince Edward Road, Kowloon Peninsula.[8] When he was nine, he saw Bruce Lee's film The Big Boss, which inspired him to become a martial arts star.[9] Chow entered San Marino Secondary School, where he studied alongside Lee Kin-yan.[9] After graduation, he was accepted to TVB's acting classes.[10]

Career[edit]

Chow began his career as an extra for Rediffusion Television. He later joined TVB in 1982. He was drawn to attention hosting the TVB Jade children's program 430 Space Shuttle.[11][12]

Chow made his film debut in the 1988 film Final Justice, which won him the Golden Horse Award for Best Supporting Actor at the 25th Golden Globe Awards.[11][13]

Chow shot to stardom in The Final Combat (1989).[14] The following decade, he appeared in more than 40 films.[15] Fight Back to School (1991) became Hong Kong's top-grossing film of all time. In 1994, he began directing films, starting with From Beijing with Love. In the latter half of the 1990s, Chow becomes very famous in China, he became a legend and the Stephen Chow Phenomenon (周星驰现象).[16][17][18][19]

2001–2010 International stardom[edit]

In 2001, his film Shaolin Soccer grossed over US$50 million worldwide.[20][21][22][23] Chow won Best Director and Best Actor at the 2002 Hong Kong Film Awards, and the film went on to garner additional awards including a Blue Ribbon Awards for Best Foreign Language Film and the Golden Bauhinia Award for Best Picture and Best Director.[24] It was the highest-grossing Chinese film in Hong Kong at the time, grossing $46 million in the Asia region.[11]

In 2004, his film Kung Fu Hustle grossed over US$106 million worldwide. Chow also won Best Director at the Taiwan Golden Horse Awards and Best Picture of Imagine Film Festival as well as over twenty international awards.[25][26] Critics as well as film stars such as comedian Bill Murray said that the film was the supreme achievement of modern comedy that had outshone any preexisting form of American comedy, including Murray's directorial work.[27]

His film CJ7 began filming in July 2006 in the eastern Chinese port of Ningbo.[28] In August 2007, the film was given the title CJ7, a play on China's successful Shenzhou manned space missions—Shenzhou 5 and Shenzhou 6.[29] CJ7 became the highest-grossing film of all time in Malaysia.[30]

For his work in comedy, he has received praise from notable institutions such as the Brooklyn Academy of Music, who called him the King of Comedy.[31]

2010–present: Focus on directing[edit]

Stephen Chow has directed multiple classic films since the 1990s.

In 2013, his film Journey to the West: Conquering the Demons became the highest-grossing Chinese film of all time.[32][33]

In 2016, his film The Mermaid broke numerous box office records,[34] and became the highest-grossing film of all time in China.[35]

The Mermaid was released in Vietnam on 10 February 2016. On 14 March, it became the third-highest-grossing film of all time in Vietnam. It has now grossed over US$553.81 million worldwide.[36]

Chow became the ninth-top-grossing Hollywood Director in 2016.[37]

Personal life[edit]

Chow's former girlfriend was Karen Mok who has starred alongside him in several movies.[38] Chow had a ten-year relationship with Yu Wenfeng until 2010.[39] Chow remains single until this date.

Filmography[edit]

As director[edit]

Year English title Director Writer Producer Actor Chinese title Notes
1994 From Beijing with Love Yes Yes No Yes 國產凌凌漆 Co-directed with Lee Lik-chi
1996 Forbidden City Cop Yes Yes No Yes 大內密探零零發 Co-directed with Vincent Kok
The God of Cookery Yes Yes Yes Yes 食神 Co-directed with Lee Lik-chi
1999 King of Comedy Yes Yes No Yes 喜劇之王
2001 Shaolin Soccer[40] Yes Yes No Yes 少林足球[41]
2004 Kung Fu Hustle Yes Yes Yes Yes 功夫
2008 CJ7 Yes Yes Yes Yes 長江七號
2013 Journey to the West: Conquering the Demons Yes Yes Yes No 西遊·降魔篇 Co-directed with Derek Kwok
2016 The Mermaid[42] Yes Yes Yes No 美人魚
2019 The New King of Comedy Yes Yes Yes No 新喜劇之王
TBA The Mermaid 2 Yes Yes Yes No 美人魚2
Kung Fu Hustle 2 Yes Yes Yes Pending 功夫2

As actor[edit]

Year English title Chinese title
1988 Final Justice 霹靂先鋒
My Father's Son (TV series) 鬥氣一族
Faithfully Yours 最佳女婿
He Who Chases After the Wind 捕風漢子
1989 The Final Combat (TV series) 蓋世豪俠
The Justice of Life (TV series) 他來自江湖
Thunder Cops II 贼公差婆
Just Heroes 義膽群英
Dragon Fight 龍在天涯
1990 Love Is Love 望夫成龍
My Hero 一本漫畫闖天涯
Lung Fung Restaurant 龍鳳茶樓
Curry and Pepper 咖喱辣椒
Sleazy Dizzy 小偷阿星
Look Out, Officer! 師兄撞鬼
All for the Winner 賭聖
When Fortune Smiles 無敵幸運星
Triad Story 江湖最後一個大佬
Legend of the Dragon 龍的傳人
The Unmatchable Match 風雨同路
It runs in the Family (TV series) 孖仔孖心肝
1991 Crazy Safari 非洲和尚
God of Gamblers II 賭俠
The Top Bet 賭霸
Fist of Fury 1991 新精武門1991
Fight Back to School 逃學威龍
God of Gamblers III: Back to Shanghai 賭俠2之上海灘賭聖
The Magnificent Scoundrels 情聖
The Banquet 豪門夜宴
Tricky Brains 整蠱專家
1992 Fist of Fury 1991 II 漫畫威龍
All's Well, Ends Well 家有囍事
Fight Back to School II 逃學威龍2
Justice, My Foot! 審死官
Royal Tramp 鹿鼎記
Royal Tramp II 鹿鼎記2神龍教
King of Beggars 武狀元蘇乞兒
The Thief of Time 群星會
1993 Fight Back to School III 逃學威龍3之龍過雞年
Flirting Scholar 唐伯虎點秋香
The Mad Monk 濟公
1994 Love on Delivery 破壞之王
Hail the Judge 九品芝麻官
From Beijing with Love 國產凌凌漆
1995 A Chinese Odyssey Part One: Pandora's Box 西遊記第壹佰零壹回之月光寶盒
A Chinese Odyssey Part Two: Cinderella 西遊記大結局之仙履奇緣
Out of the Dark 回魂夜
Sixty Million Dollar Man 百變星君
1996 Forbidden City Cop 大內密探零零發
The God of Cookery 食神
1997 All's Well, Ends Well 1997 97家有囍事
Lawyer Lawyer 算死草
1998 The Lucky Guy 行運一條龍
1999 The Tricky Master 千王之王2000
King of Comedy 喜劇之王
2001 Shaolin Soccer[43] 少林足球[41]
2004 Kung Fu Hustle 功夫
2008 CJ7 長江七號

As producer only[edit]

Year English title Chinese title
2008 Shaolin Girl 少林少女
2009 Jump 跳出去
Dragonball Evolution 七龍珠
2010 CJ7: The Cartoon 長江7號愛地球
2017 Journey to the West: The Demons Strike Back 西遊伏妖篇
2019 Journey to the West: Conquering the Demons TV 劇版西遊降魔篇
The Mermaid TV 劇版美人魚[44]

Awards[edit]

Awards won
Amsterdam Fantastic Film Festival
Asia Pacific Film Festival
Blue Ribbon Awards
Boston Society of Film Critics Awards
Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards
Florida Film Critics Circle Awards
Golden Bauhinia Awards
  • 1996: Best Actor for A Chinese Odyssey
  • 2002: Best Director for Shaolin Soccer
Golden Horse Awards
Hong Kong Film Awards
Hong Kong Film Critics Society Awards
Las Vegas Film Critics Society Awards
Southeastern Film Critics Association Awards
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Awards
Utah Film Critics Association Awards
Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards
BAFTA Awards
  • 2006: nomination: Best Film not in the English Language for Kung Fu Hustle
Golden Globe Award

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stephen Chow - IMDb". Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  2. ^ "Judgment". legalref.judiciary.hk. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  3. ^ Stephen Chow the NO.1 star of China, PEOPLE; accessed 10 October 2018.
  4. ^ Stephen Chow earn US$420 million, PEOPLE
  5. ^ Hua (2016), p. 4-5.
  6. ^ Hua (2016), p. 5-6.
  7. ^ a b Hua (2016), p. 5.
  8. ^ Hua (2016), p. 11.
  9. ^ a b Hua (2016), p. 15-19.
  10. ^ Hua (2016), p. 69-73.
  11. ^ a b c Walsh, Brian (28 April 2003). "Stephen Chow | The star of Shaolin Soccer doesn't mind if the joke is on him". Time. Archived from the original on 4 February 2004. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
  12. ^ Mok, Laramie (22 June 2019). "5 Stephen Chow movies that made him Hong Kong's comedy king". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
  13. ^ "7 Classic Stephen Chow movies every Hongkonger has watched". 15 February 2021.
  14. ^ Over 2 million people watched The Final Combat and Hong Kong only 5.18 million people in that time
  15. ^ Hale, Mike (5 October 2014). "Lightning Fast With His Feet and His Jokes". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  16. ^ Chinese watched Stephen Chow's films and grew up. So they knew Stephen Chow's words and use them customarily., PEOPLE
  17. ^ "What is Stephen Chow Phenomenon". Archived from the original on 3 June 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  18. ^ Tencent: WeChat's icon is made of Stephen Chow's action, xinhua
  19. ^ SINA:2001年5月2日晚,周星驰到访北京大学,在百周年纪念讲堂直接面对北大的学生与网友。近5、6年来由各著名高校的学生倡导形成的“周星驰热”也终于达到了一个高潮。周星驰和他的电影的影响已经远远超出了大屏幕的范围,渗透到了当今中国的文化甚至是日常生活中。
  20. ^ "《少林足球》风靡意大利 意甲球星为电影配音_2006德国世界杯". 2006.163.com.
  21. ^ 2006 FIFA World Cup
  22. ^ "奥地利热播 周星驰粤语小调德语配音-搜狐体育". sports.sohu.com.
  23. ^ "Shaolin soccer kicks an international goal". asiaarts.ucla.edu. 1 August 2003. Archived from the original on 21 July 2012.
  24. ^ "Siu lam juk kau awards (2001)". imdb.com. 1 January 2009.
  25. ^ Chow, Vivienne. "Kung Fu Hustle wins Stephen Chow top award".
  26. ^ "Kung Fu (2004) - Awards". imdb.com. 1 January 2009.
  27. ^ Fierman, Dan. "Bill Murray Is Ready To See You Now". GQ. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  28. ^ "Stephen Chow's Sci-fi/Comedy will give 'A Hope' to audiences". twitchfilm.net. 29 September 2006. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2008.
  29. ^ "Stephen Chow's Movie 'A Hope' Changes Title". Asian Popcorn. 17 August 2007. Retrieved 31 August 2007.
  30. ^ box office mojo: CJ7 $3,695,033 > Titanic $2,764,733 in Malaysia
  31. ^ Hale, Mike (5 October 2014). "Lightning Fast With His Feet and His Jokes".
  32. ^ The Hollywood Reporter (7 December 2016). "Stephen Chow's last two films set all-time China box-office records at the time of their release". Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  33. ^ "Stephen Chow: A Guide for the Perplexed".
  34. ^ "Stephen Chow in China=Star War in American". Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  35. ^ "NO.1 star in China -- Stephen Chow". Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  36. ^ "Stephen Chow Movie: The Mermaid Worldwide Box Office: US$553.81 million". Forbes.
  37. ^ Forbes (31 December 2016). "Top-Grossing Hollywood Directors". Forbes. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  38. ^ "Is Stephen Chow secretly married? Ex-girlfriend Karen Mok comments". www.msn.com. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  39. ^ "Stephen Chow and Yu WenFeng Split After 10 Years Together". JayneStars.com. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  40. ^ "Shaolin Soccer the NO.1 DVD Sale of 2002 in JAPAN". watch.impress.co.jp. 11 July 2019.
  41. ^ a b "Shaolin Soccer grossed over 3.5 Billion in JAPAN". watch.impress.co.jp. 11 July 2019.
  42. ^ "Stephen Chow casting his new Mermaid movie with a public talent search". Filmdivider.com. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  43. ^ "Shaolin Soccer the NO.1 DVD Sale of 2002 in JAPAN". watch.impress.co.jp. 11 July 2019.
  44. ^ "掘金星爷:爱奇艺为剧版《美人鱼》和《西游降魔篇》花了7.08亿".

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hua, Cheng (2016). 《周星驰:做人如果没有梦想,跟咸鱼有什么分别》 [Stephen Chow: Without Dream, What's the Difference between Men And Salted Fish] (in Chinese). Xicheng District, Beijing: Sino-Culture Press. ISBN 978-7-5075-4635-4.

External links[edit]