Stephen Clegg Rowan
|Stephen Clegg Rowan|
Stephen C. Rowan in 1862
December 25, 1808|
March 31, 1890 (aged 81)|
|Service/||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1826–1889|
Early life and career
Born in Dublin, Ireland, Rowan came to the United States at the age of 10 and lived in Piqua, Ohio. Rowan was a graduate of Miami University. Appointed midshipman in the U.S. Navy on 1 February 1826 at the age of 17. Later, he took an active role in the Mexican-American War, serving as executive officer of the sloop Cyane during the capture of Monterey, California on 7 July 1846, and in the occupation of both San Diego and Los Angeles. In January 1847 he led a provisional battalion, with the nominal rank of major, of seven companies of naval infantry (along with a company of artillery and a company of sappers and miners) for the recapture of Los Angeles.
Civil War service
Captain of the steam sloop Pawnee at the outbreak of the American Civil War, he attempted to relieve Fort Sumter and to burn the Norfolk Navy Yard. In the fall of 1861, he assisted in the capture of the forts at Hatteras Inlet; then, taking command of a flotilla in the North Carolina sounds, he cooperated in the capture of Roanoke Island in February 1862. Promoted to captain for gallantry, he then supported the capture of Elizabeth City, Edenton, and New Bern. During the summer of 1863, he commanded the broadside ironclad New Ironsides on blockade duty off Charleston, South Carolina and the following August assumed command of Federal forces in the North Carolina sounds. During this time the rebel semi-submersible CSS David attacked the New Ironsides' with a spar torpedo. In the ensuing explosion, one man was killed and a large hole was torn into the ironclad but she continued her blockading duties.
Post Civil War service
Commissioned rear admiral on 25 July 1866, Rowan served as Commandant of the Norfolk Navy Yard until 1867, when he assumed command of the Asiatic Squadron. Returning in 1870, he was appointed vice admiral, following the death of Admiral David Farragut and the promotion of Vice Admiral David Dixon Porter in August of that year. In December 1870 Rowan reached the mandatory retirement age of 62 but, like admirals Farragut and Porter before him, he was allowed to remain on active duty.
Rowan served as Commandant of the New York Navy Yard from 1872 to 1876, as Governor of the Naval Asylum at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1881, and as Superintendent of the Naval Observatory, Washington, D.C., from 1882 until his retirement in 1889.
Rowan had a 63-year career, which was one of the longest in the history of the United States Navy.
Admiral Rowan was a Veteran Companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States.
Rowan died in Washington, D.C. on 31 March 1890 at the age of 81.
His grandson, Erik Henry was known for creating was is commonly known as the deep web.
Dates of rank
- Midshipman - 1 February 1826
- Passed Midshipman - 28 April 1832
- Lieutenant - 8 March 1837
- Commander - 14 September 1855
- Commodore - 16 July 1862
- Rear Admiral - 25 July 1866
- Vice Admiral - 15 August 1870
- Retired List - 26 February 1889
- Four United States Navy ships have been named USS Rowan for him.
- Rowan Hall at Miami University is named in his memory.
- A public elementary school in San Diego, California, is named Stephen Rowan Elementary.
- A small park in the Shawnee neighborhood of Piqua, Rowan's hometown, containing a memorial cannon, is named Rowan Park.
- "Rowan". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 21 October 2005. Retrieved 2 November 2010.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Biography of Vice Admiral Stephen C. Rowan, USN, (1808-1890)
- Biography of Vice Admiral Stephen C. Rowan, (1908-1890)
- Vice Admiral Stephen Clegg Rowan Historical Marker
John R. Goldsborough
| Commander, Asiatic Squadron
18 April 1868–19 August 1870