Stephen Crane (Continental Congress)

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Stephen Crane
Stephen Crane (Continental Congressman) Headstone.jpg
Speaker of the New Jersey General Assembly
In office
GovernorWilliam Franklin
Preceded byCortlandt Skinner
Succeeded byCortlandt Skinner
Member of the New Jersey General Assembly
from the Essex County district
In office
Serving with John Ogden, Henry Garritse
Member of New Jersey Legislative Council
In office
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byAbraham Clark
In office
Preceded byAbraham Clark
Succeeded byJames Caldwell
Personal details
Elizabethtown, New Jersey
DiedJuly 1, 1780
Elizabethtown, New Jersey
Resting placeFirst Presbyterian Churchyard, Elizabeth
For the writer and poet see: Stephen Crane.
'First Prayer in Congress'; the first Continental Congress September, 1774. Stephen Crane is the second person to the right of Reverend Jacob Duché at the lectern.

Stephen Crane (1709 – July 1, 1780) was an American politician from Elizabethtown (Elizabeth, New Jersey) who was a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1776. He also served in the Provincial Congress of New Jersey, New Jersey General Assembly and New Jersey Legislative Council. Stephen did not attend the next Congress in Philadelphia as he needed to attend to divisions in his own state between East Jersey and West Jersey. He felt deeply about the taxes that Britain had imposed upon the Colonies and had made sure of his protest upon his journey to England with Matthias Hatfield

Crane was born in Elizabethtown. He served as sheriff of Essex County and was elected as a member of its town committee in 1750. He was also a judge of the court of common pleas. From 1766 to 1773, he was a member of the colony's general assembly 1766–1773 and served as speaker in 1771. He was also mayor of Elizabethtown before he became a member of the Continental Congress. Until his death in 1780, Crane held several public offices in New Jersey.

Crane was bayoneted by Hessian soldiers passing through Elizabethtown on their way to Battle of Springfield on June 23, 1780, and he died of his wounds on July 1, 1780.[1] He was buried at the First Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth with his wife and father, Daniel Crane.[2]


  • Phebe Crane, wife (died 1776)
  • William Crane, son; born 1748 in Elizabethtown, served as major of an Essex County, New Jersey regiment. Fought with Richard Montgomery in the Battle of Quebec, received a leg wound that required amputation years later. Promoted to brigadier general in the New Jersey militia after the war.
  • Ichabod Bennet Crane (July 18, 1787 – October 1857) grandson; born in Elizabethtown, commissioned a second lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps, served aboard the USS United States.
  • Charles Henry Crane (19 July 1825 – October 10, 1883) great-grandson; became a Brigadier General and Surgeon General of the United States (1882–1883).
  • Joseph Halsey Crane grandson
  • William Crane; (1778–1830) grandson,
  • Jonathan Townley Crane, great-grandson, father of author Stephen Crane.
  • Stephen Crane; great-great-grandson, author, who is best known for the novel The Red Badge of Courage.[3][4]
  • Bruce Crane; American painter (1857–1937) [5]


  1. ^ A Stephen Crane Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  3. ^ A Stephen Crane encyclopedia, by Stanley Wertheim. Publisher: Greenwood; First Edition (1997) ISBN 978-0-313-29692-5
  4. ^ Documents Relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey, [1631–1776] by William A. Whitehead ISBN 978-1-110-76182-1
  5. ^ Bruce Crane (1857–1937): American Tonalist. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 84-81018

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