|White House Press Secretary|
December 5, 1950 – December 18, 1950
|President||Harry S. Truman|
|Preceded by||Charlie Ross|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Short|
March 4, 1933 – March 29, 1945
|President||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Preceded by||Theodore Joslin|
|Succeeded by||Jonathan W. Daniels|
|United States Deputy Secretary of Defense|
May 2, 1949 – September 30, 1950
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Robert A. Lovett|
|Born||Stephen Tyree Early
August 27, 1889
Crozet, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||August 11, 1951
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Stephen Tyree Early (August 27, 1889 – August 11, 1951) was a U.S. journalist and government official. He served as White House Press Secretary under Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1933 to 1945 and again under President Harry S. Truman in 1950 after the sudden death of Charles Griffith Ross. Early served as press secretary longer than any other person. Early was a grandson of Confederate General Jubal Early.
Early met Franklin D. Roosevelt while covering the 1912 Democratic National Convention as a reporter for the United Press. From 1913 to 1917 Early was the Associated Press correspondent covering the Navy Department, during which time his acquaintance with Roosevelt and Louis Howe grew.
After serving in World War I with an Infantry Regiment and the Stars and Stripes he returned to the United States and was asked by Roosevelt to be the advance man for the 1920 Vice Presidential campaign. After the election, Early returned to the Associated Press, and in 1927 became the Washington representative of Paramount News, a newsreel company at the time.
White House Press Secretary (Roosevelt and Truman Administrations)
After the election of 1932, Franklin Roosevelt asked him to serve as one of the three White House Secretaries, responsible for press relations. Early held that post throughout the Roosevelt years. As press secretary, he served as spokesman and troubleshooter for the president and maintained an open-door policy with White House correspondents. Having been a reporter, he understood the news business and did his best to accommodate it. Early also helped persuade the White House Correspondents Association to issue press credentials to Harry McAlpin of the National Negro Publishers Association. In 1944 McAlpin became the first African American reporter to attend presidential press conferences.
Commercial and Defense appointments
In 1945 he became Vice President of Pullman, Inc..
He returned to the government as Under Secretary, later Deputy Secretary of Defense from April 1949 to June 1950.
White House Press Secretary (2nd appointment to Truman Administration)
Early died at George Washington Hospital on August 11, 1951. He had suffered a heart attack a week prior, and despite signs of recovery, had a turn for the worse. It was reported that he died at about one in the afternoon. Survivors included the former Helen Wrenn, whom he married in 1921, two sons and a daughter. Harry Truman issued a statement calling him "an outstanding newspaper man" and "always on the side of President Roosevelt." Defense Secretary George Marshall said in a statement that he was "very distressed" at the news of his death and he "served his country faithfully for many years." The full statements and other information on his life can be found in his New York Times obituary, printed on August 12, 1951.
In 1969, his widow donated his papers to the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library, where they could be accessed by the public.
- Served as "Under Secretary of Defense" from May 2, 1949 to August 9, 1949.
- Smith, Jean Edward (2007). FDR. Random House. pp. Chapter 16. ISBN 0812970497.
- Ritchie, Donald A. (2005). Reporting from Washington: The History of the Washington Press Corps. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 28–30. ISBN 0-19-530892-1.
- Joseph H. Short Papers Harry S. Truman Library.
- Levin, Linda Lotridge (2007). The Making of FDR: The Story of Stephen Early, America's First Modern Press Secretary. Amherst: Prometheus Books. ISBN 978-1-59102-577-1.
- White, Graham J. (1979). FDR and the Press. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-89512-2.
|White House Press Secretary
Jonathan W. Daniels
|New office||United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
Robert A. Lovett
|White House Press Secretary