Stephen Fox (author/educator)

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Stephen Fox (born 1938), is an author and emeritus professor of history at Humboldt State University in Arcata, California.

He wrote, The Unknown Internment: An Oral History of the Relocation of Italian Americans during World War II ISBN 0-8057-9108-6.[1] Published in 1990, the work describes World War II US Government restrictions on Italians living in coastal areas of the United States. It describes government rules, and resultant suicides and hardships, faced by internees. The work compares and contrasts government policy relating to Italians with the US internment of persons of Japanese ancestry. The Unknown Internment was based on oral histories, including Fox's original research. One of the standout stories is that of Italian Remo Bosia which is detailed in his autobiography The General and I.

In 2000, Fox published America's Invisible Gulag: A Biography of German American Internment and Exclusion in World War II: Memory and History ISBN 0-8204-4914-8. It has been replaced by Fear Itself: Inside the FBI Roundup of German Americans during World War II (ISBN 0595351689), which incorporates new information. His work Uncivil liberties: Italian Americans Under Siege during World War II ISBN 1-58112-754-5 was also published in 2000. It replaces The Unknown Internment, which is out of print.

Fox's latest book is Homeland Insecurity: Aliens, Citizens, and the Challenge to American Civil Liberties in World War II (2007). Fox resides in the Humboldt Bay area as of 2011.


  • US Library of Congress catalog