Stephen Gaukroger

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Stephen Gaukroger (born 1950) is a British philosopher and intellectual historian. He is Professor of History of Philosophy and History of Science at the University of Sydney. Recently he also took up a position as Professor of Philosophy at the University of Aberdeen.


He graduated B.A. from the University of London and a Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge. He joined the University of Sydney in 1981.


  • Explanatory Structures: A Study of Concepts of Explanation in Early Physics and Philosophy (1978)
  • (editor), Descartes: Philosophy, Mathematics and Physics (1980)
  • Cartesian Logic: An Essay on Descartes's Conception of Inference (1989)
  • Descartes: An Intellectual Biography (1995)
  • The Genealogy of Knowledge: Analytical Essays in the History of Philosophy and Science (1997)
  • Justification, Truth, and the Development of Science (1998)
  • The Soft Underbelly of Reason: The Passions in the Seventeenth Century (1998)
  • Francis Bacon and the Transformation of Early-Modern Philosophy (2001)
  • Descartes' System of Natural Philosophy (2002)
  • The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685. Oxford University Press. 2006. ISBN 978-0-19-955001-2. 
  • The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760. Oxford University Press. 2010. ISBN 978-0-19-959493-1. 
  • Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, 2012
  • with Frédérique Aït-Touati, Le monde en images: Voir, représenter, savoir, de Descartes à Leibniz (2015)
  • The Natural and the Human. Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1739-1841 (2016)

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