|21st United States National Security Advisor|
January 26, 2005 – January 20, 2009
|President||George W. Bush|
|Deputy||Jack Dyer Crouch II|
James Franklin Jeffrey
|Preceded by||Condoleezza Rice|
|Succeeded by||James L. Jones|
|21st United States Deputy National Security Advisor|
January 20, 2001 – January 26, 2005
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||James Steinberg|
|Succeeded by||Jack Dyer Crouch II|
|3rd Assistant Secretary of Defense for Global Strategic Affairs|
June 23, 1989 – January 20, 1993
|President||George H. W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Ronald F. Lehman|
|Succeeded by||Ash Carter|
Stephen John Hadley
February 13, 1947
Toledo, Ohio, U.S.
|Education||Cornell University (AB)|
Yale University (JD)
Stephen John Hadley (born February 13, 1947) is an American attorney and senior government official who served as the 21st United States National Security Advisor from 2005 to 2009. He served under President George W. Bush during the second term of his administration. Hadley was Deputy National Security Advisor during Bush's first term. Before that Hadley served in a variety of capacities in the defense and national security fields. He has also worked as a lawyer and consultant in private practice.
Early life and education
Hadley was born in Toledo, Ohio, the son of Suzanne (née Bentley), a homemaker, and Robert W. Hadley Jr., an electrical engineer. He grew up in South Euclid, Ohio, in the Cleveland metropolitan area. After reading the Allen Drury novel Advise and Consent, he became intrigued by the governing process and was elected student body president of Charles F. Brush High School. Hadley graduated from there as the valedictorian in 1965.
Early government service
During the administration of George H. W. Bush, Hadley was a Pentagon aide to Paul Wolfowitz, serving as the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy from 1989 to 1993. In that position, he had responsibility for defense policy toward NATO and Western Europe, on nuclear weapons and ballistic missile defense, and arms control. He also participated in policy issues involving export control and the use of space. Hadley served as Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney's representative in talks led by Secretary of State James Baker that resulted in the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties, START I and START II.
Private sector work
During the years in which the Democratic Clinton administration was in power (1993-2001), Hadley was an administrative partner in the Washington, D.C. law firm of Shea & Gardner, where he had worked earlier in his career. His professional legal practice focused on business problems of U.S. and foreign corporations particularly as they involve international business, regulatory, and strategy issues. These representations included export controls, foreign investment in U.S. national security companies, and the national security responsibilities of U.S. information technology companies.
George W. Bush administration
Campaign and transition
In January 2001, as George W. Bush prepared to take office, Hadley served on a panel for nuclear weapons issues sponsored by the National Institute for Public Policy, a conservative think tank. Other members of the panel included Stephen Cambone, William Schneider, and Robert Joseph. This panel advocated using tactical nuclear weapons as a standard part of the United States defense arsenal.
Deputy National Security Advisor
He was Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor from January 22, 2001. In 2002, Hadley was a member of the White House Iraq Group. On Sept. 9, 2002, Nicolò Pollari gave the forged Niger-Gate documents directly to Stephen Hadley. He admitted fault in allowing a disputed claim about Iraq's quest for nuclear weapons material from Niger to be included in Bush's January 28, 2003 State of the Union Address (see Niger uranium forgeries). On July 22, 2003, Hadley offered his resignation to Bush because he had "failed in that responsibility" and that "the high standards the president set were not met." Bush denied Hadley's request. Amid this, The Times of London reported that Hadley was Robert Novak's source for Valerie Plame's name in the CIA leak scandal, but this report proved to be false when Richard Armitage admitted that he was Novak's source.
National Security Advisor
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On January 26, 2005, he replaced Condoleezza Rice as National Security Advisor, upon Rice's confirmation as Secretary of State. In that capacity he was the principal White House foreign policy advisor to President Bush, directed the National Security Council staff, and ran the interagency national security policy development and execution process.
Hadley was known for avoiding focused public attention. In a 2006 profile, the Washington Post described Hadley as "a modest man in an immodest job. In a town populated by people nursing grandiose views of their own importance and scheming for greater glory, Hadley still thinks of himself as a staff man. He sits at the pinnacle of power, but articulates no sweeping personal vision of the world and has made a point of staying in the shadows."
In his book Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid, former President Jimmy Carter recounts that Hadley, in his capacity as national security adviser (Carter calls him by title rather than by name) personally denied Carter permission to visit Syrian president Bashar al-Assad in early 2005, in the wake of the administration's decision to isolate the regime, due its "differences with Syria concerning U.S. policy in Iraq".
Beginning in 2009, Hadley served as senior adviser for international affairs at the United States Institute of Peace in Washington, DC. On January 24, 2014, he was elected chairman of the Board of Directors of the U.S. Institute of Peace. On September 11, 2018, USIP-based Task Force on Extremism in Fragile States, of which Hadley is a member, produced the report "Beyond the Homeland: Protecting America from Extremism in Fragile States, "which warns that the United States urgently needs a new approach to stem the spread of violent extremism and previews a comprehensive preventative strategy that focuses on strengthening resilience against extremism in fragile states." Hadley widely promoted the Interim Report in the media, including with United States Institute of Peace president Nancy Lindborg on the Foundation for Defense of Democracies' podcast "Foreign Podicy" hosted by Clifford May.
In March 2013, on the ten year anniversary, Hadley gave his views on what had gone wrong and what had been redeemed in terms of the Iraq War.
During the Syrian chemical weapons crisis in September 2013, Hadley appeared on Bloomberg Television, CNN, MSNBC, Fox News, and also wrote an op-ed piece for the Washington Post in which he advocated attacking Syria with missiles. At the time, Hadley was a director at Raytheon and owned 11,477 shares of stock, but the news organizations failed to disclose the link and conflict of interest.
Hadley was initially floated as a potential option for Secretary of Defense in the Trump Administration. In this as well as for other positions, it was thought his process knowledge could be beneficial. Instead, in late 2016 he collaborated with Former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright on a plan for a new course in America's approach to the Middle East.
Hadley is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He has been a member of the Defense Policy Board, the Foreign Affairs Policy Board, the National Security Advisory Panel to the Director of Central Intelligence, and the Board of Trustees of Analytical Services ("ANSER").
Hadley lives in Washington, D.C. with his wife Ann, a Justice Department lawyer. They have two daughters.
- Gal Perl Finkel, US National Security Adviser Faces Challenges at Home and Abroad, The Jerusalem Post, February 22, 2017.
- Block, Maxine; Rothe, Anna Herthe; Candee, Marjorie Dent (2006). "Current biography yearbook". google.ca.
- "Robert HADLEY Obituary - Toledo, OH - ToledoBlade.com". ToledoBlade.com.
- "South Euclid native Stephen Hadley for Defense Secretary? Five things to know". Retrieved July 30, 2018.
- The Security Adviser Who Wants the Role, Not the Stage from the Washington Post, by Peter Baker, January 29, 2006
- State Dept bio page
- Mann, James (2004). Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush's War Cabinet. New York: Viking. ISBN 9781101100158. p. 252.
- "Stephen J. Hadley". George W. Bush Presidential Center. www.bushcenter.org. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- Profile: National Institute for Public Policy, Right Web, May 6, 2004.
- Wilkinson, Tracy (October 28, 2005). "Italians Debate Role in Operative's Saga". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 3, 2005. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- Smith, Michael; Baxter, Sarah (November 20, 2005). "Security adviser named as source in CIA scandal". The Sunday Times. Times Online. Archived from the original on October 14, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- McBride, Kelly (November 8, 2007). "Libby crowd is, like, so adolescent". Newsday. newsday.com. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- "Hadley: The Surge Can Work". Retrieved July 30, 2018.
- * New National Security Adviser Shuns the Spotlight Archived May 5, 2005, at the Wayback Machine Newhouse News Service
- Carter, Jimmy (2006). Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780743285025. p. 80-81.
- "Former National Security Adviser Stephen J. Hadley Addresses U.S.-China Relations During Trip to Beijing and Calls for New Phase" (March 15, 2010). Section: "About Stephen J. Hadley". United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- "Former National Security Advisor to Chair United States Institute of Peace Board of Directors" (January 24, 2014). United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- "FDD | Extremism and Fragile States". FDD. September 11, 2018. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
- "The RiceHadleyGates Team". Rice Hadley Gates LLC.
- "The Pro-Freedom Republicans Are Coming: 131 Sign Gay Marriage Brief". The Daily Beast.
- "Stephen J. Hadley: Ten years after Iraq invasion, taking stock". Washington Post. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
- Holly Yeager (October 10, 2013). "Analysts in Syria debate have ties to defense contractors". Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013.
- "Syria Pundits Had Rampant, Undisclosed Conflicts Of Interest". The Huffington Post.
- Cook, Nancy; Restuccia, Andrew (November 9, 2016). "Meet Trump's Cabinet-in-waiting". Politico. politico.com. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- Mehta, Aaron (August 8, 2017). "Stephen Hadley Could Reshape Interagency Process — If He Gets a Job". Retrieved July 30, 2018.
- "Report Calls For New U.S. Middle East Strategy -- USNI News". December 1, 2016. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
- "Membership Roster". Council on Foreign Relations.
- "Board of Directors". Atlantic Council. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
- "Raytheon Company : Investor Relations : News Release". raytheon.com.
- Daalder, Ivo H. and I.M. Destler, In the Shadow of the Oval Office: Profiles of the National Security Advisers and the Presidents They Served--From JFK to George W. Bush Simon & Schuster; 2009, ISBN 978-1-4165-5319-9.
- Dueck, Colin. "The Role of the National Security Advisor and the 2006 Iraq Strategy Review." Orbis (Jan 2014) 58#1 pp 15-38
- M.B. "Hadley, Stephen." Current Biography (Nov 2006) 67#11 pp 37-42; the most detailed biography
- Hadley, Stephen, Joseph Collins, and Nicholas Rostow. "An Interview with Stephen Hadley." Prism 5.3 (2015): 146-159. online
- Hadley, Stephen J. "The Role and Importance of the National Security Advisor." (2017). online
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stephen Hadley.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Stephen Hadley|
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Stephen Hadley on Charlie Rose
- Stephen Hadley at IMDb
- Works by or about Stephen Hadley in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- "Stephen Hadley collected news and commentary". The New York Times.
- Center for Cooperative Research profile of Stephen Hadley
- The 2006 National Security Strategy Hadley's Address to U.S. Institute of Peace, March 16, 2006[dead link]
- Eight Ways to Deal with Iran September 26, 2012 Foreign Policy article