Stephen Hicks

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Stephen Hicks
Photo of Stephen Hicks lecturing in 2013.
Born Stephen Ronald Craig Hicks
(1960-08-19) August 19, 1960 (age 58)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Nationality Canadian and American
Alma mater University of Guelph (BA, MA)
Indiana University Bloomington (PhD)
Era Contemporary philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Analytic
Institutions Rockford University
Main interests
Epistemology, Business Ethics, Postmodernism
Notable ideas
Criticism of postmodernism

Stephen Ronald Craig Hicks (born August 19, 1960) is a Canadian-American philosopher. He teaches at Rockford University, where he also directs the Center for Ethics and Entrepreneurship.


Hicks earned his Bachelor of Arts (Honours, 1981) and Master of Arts degrees from the University of Guelph, and his Doctor of Philosophy (1991) from Indiana University Bloomington. His doctoral thesis was a defense of foundationalism.[1]


Hicks is the author of four books and a documentary. Explaining Postmodernism: Skepticism and Socialism from Rousseau to Foucault (Scholargy Publishing, 2004; expanded edition, 2011; Portuguese translation, 2011; Serbo-Croatian translation, 2011; Persian translation, 2012; Spanish translation, 2014, Swedish translation, 2014, Polish translation, 2016) argues that postmodernism is best understood as a rhetorical strategy of intellectuals and academics on the far left of the political spectrum developed in reaction to the failure of socialism and communism.[2]

His documentary and book Nietzsche and the Nazis (Ockham's Razor, 2006, 2010; Polish translation, 2014; Persian translation, 2014, Ukrainian translation, 2016, Spanish translation, 2016) is an examination of the ideological and philosophical roots of National Socialism, particularly how Friedrich Nietzsche's ideas were used, and in some cases misused, by Adolf Hitler and the Nazis to justify their beliefs and practices.[3] This was released in 2006 as a video documentary[4] and then in 2010 as a book.[5]

Additionally, Hicks has published articles and essays on a range of subjects, including entrepreneurism,[6] free speech in academia,[7] the history and development of modern art,[8][9] Ayn Rand's Objectivism,[10] business ethics[11] and the philosophy of education, including a series of YouTube lectures.[12]

Hicks is also the co-editor, with David Kelley, of a critical thinking textbook, The Art of Reasoning: Readings for Logical Analysis (W. W. Norton & Co., second edition, 1998), and Entrepreneurial Living, with Jennifer Harrolle (CEEF, 2016).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hicks, Stephen. "Foundationalism and the Genesis of Justification."
  2. ^ "It is striking that the major postmodernists -- Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Jean-François Lyotard, Richard Rorty — are of the far left politically. And it is striking that all four are Philosophy Ph.D.s who reached deeply skeptical conclusions about our ability to come to know reality. So one of my four theses about postmodernism is that it develops from a double crisis — a crisis within philosophy about knowledge and a crisis within left politics about socialism."[1]
  3. ^ "In several significant respects, the Nazis were accurate in citing Nietzsche as one of their progenitors. And I think that, in a number of other respects, Nietzsche would have been properly horrified at the use that the Nazis made of his philosophy."[2]
  4. ^ "Stephen Hicks, Ph.D. » "Nietzsche and the Nazis" update". 2009. Retrieved 2011-01-06.
  5. ^ "Stephen Hicks, Ph.D. » Nietzsche and the Nazis". 2010-04-25. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
  6. ^ [3]
  7. ^ Free Speech and Postmodernism, (2002)
  8. ^ "Why Art Became Ugly". Archived from the original on 2010-12-16. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
  9. ^ "Post-Postmodern Art". Archived from the original on 2010-11-20. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
  10. ^ Objectivism page from Hicks's website
  11. ^ Business and economics ethics page from Hicks's website
  12. ^ Philosophy of Education page on Hicks's website.

External links[edit]