Stephen Andrew Gill Hough, CBE (//; born 22 November 1961) is a British-born classical pianist, composer and writer. He became an Australian citizen in 2005 and thus has dual nationality (his father was born in Australia in 1926).
Hough was born in Heswall (then in Cheshire) on the Wirral Peninsula, and grew up in Grappenhall, where he began piano lessons at the age of five. His father, who was born in Australia, worked as a technical representative for British Steel before his death at the age of 54. At a young age, Hough was able to memorise about 100 nursery rhymes and, after much pleading, his parents agreed to buy a second-hand piano, for £5 from a local antique shop, for the home. At the age of 12 he suffered what he has described as a "mini-nervous breakdown", triggered by a mugging incident, which resulted in him taking almost a year off school. He studied at Chetham's School of Music, which he later described as "not a wonderful place", and at the Royal Northern College of Music. In 1978, he was a finalist in the BBC Young Musician of the Year Competition and won the piano section. In 1982, he won the Terence Judd Award in England. In 1983, he took first prize at the Naumburg International Piano Competition in New York City.
Hough holds a master's degree from the Juilliard School where his studies were assisted by the receipt of the first ever Royal Philharmonic Society Julius Isserlis Scholarship for study abroad. He has studied with Heather Slade-Lipkin, Gordon Green, and Derrick Wyndham. He is also a composer and transcriber, and often includes his own works in his recitals. He has written over 30 published pieces. The premiere of his cello concerto, written for Steven Isserlis, took place in March 2007, and in the summer of the same year Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral performed masses he wrote for them. In 2009, his trio for piccolo, contrabassoon and piano ('Was mit den Traenen Geschieht') was premiered at the Philharmonie in Berlin by members of the Berlin Philharmonic. His song cycles 'Herbstleider' (2007) and 'Other Love Songs' (2010) were premiered and recorded by members of The Prince Consort. His 'Sonata for Piano (broken branches)' was premiered by himself at the Wigmore Hall in 2011. In 2012 the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra and Symphonic Choir gave the world premiere of the orchestrated version of his Missa Mirabilis.
He is an Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Music in London, where he is a visiting Professor, and a Fellow of the Royal Northern College of Music in Manchester, where he is the International Chair of piano studies. He was given an honorary doctorate by the University of Liverpool in 2011.
He became the first classical music performer to be awarded a MacArthur Fellowship in 2001, joining prominent writers and scientists who have made significant contributions in their fields. In 2009 he was named by The Economist and Intelligent Life magazines as one of 20 living polymaths. In 2010 he was named Instrumentalist of the Year at the prestigious Royal Philharmonic Society Music Awards. He is a Governor of the Royal Ballet Companies (The Royal Ballet, Birmingham Royal Ballet and the Royal Ballet School). He is a patron of the charity The Nightingale Project, which takes music and art into hospitals and of Music in Prisons (Irene Taylor Trust). He was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2014 New Year Honours for services to music.
He had a solo exhibition of his paintings at the Broadbent Gallery in London in October 2012.
In October 2016 Hough was the guest for BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs. His choices were Cortot's recording of Prélude No. 17 in A-flat by Chopin, Rachmaninoff's recording of "Liebesleid" by Kreisler, "Stairway to Heaven" by Led Zeppelin, "Kyrie eleison" from the Mass in B minor by Bach, "Lyric Suite for String Quartet" (3rd movement) by Berg, Sonata for cello and piano left hand ("Les adieux") by Stephen Hough, and "Bird Songs at Eventide" by Eric Coates. His favourite was "Proficiscere, anima Christiana (Go Forth)" from The Dream of Gerontius by Elgar. His book choice was a bilingual edition of Proust's À la recherche du temps perdu and his luxury item was a panama hat. He made a special request for a copy of the Tyndale Bible.
Hough has appeared as a soloist with major orchestras around the world including the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, the Cleveland Orchestra, the Dallas Symphony, the Philharmonia Orchestra, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the Toronto Symphony, the Montreal Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, the London Symphony Orchestra, London Philharmonic Orchestra, the New York Philharmonic, the Boston Symphony Orchestra, the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra, the Minnesota Orchestra, the Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra, the Berlin Philharmonic, the English Chamber Orchestra, the NHK Symphony Orchestra, Malaysian Philharmonic, the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Minnesota Orchestra, the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic and the Singapore Symphony Orchestra.
As recitalist Hough has appeared on the major stages of the world including Carnegie Hall's Stern Auditorium, Chicago's Symphony Hall, London's Royal Festival Hall and the main stage of the Concertgebouw. He has appeared at festivals worldwide including Verbier, Salzburg, La Roque d'Antheron, Edinburgh, Aldeburgh, the BBC Proms, Mostly Mozart (New York), Sapporo, Ravinia, Blossom, Tanglewood, Aspen, Hollywood Bowl and Saratoga.
As chamber musician he has worked with Steven Isserlis, Joshua Bell, Michael Collins and Tabea Zimmermann, as well as the Juilliard Quartet, the Emerson Quartet, the Takacs Quartet, and the Berlin Philharmonic Wind Quintet.
He has recorded more than 50 CDs, one of his most notable being a set of the four Rachmaninoff piano concertos and the Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, recorded during live performances with the Dallas Symphony Orchestra under the baton of then music director Andrew Litton, which have been compared to the recordings by the composer himself. These recordings won him his seventh Gramophone Award as well as the Classical BRIT Critics Award.
He is also known for his various dazzling recordings of encore pieces and for championing lesser-known composers generally considered to be outside the standard repertoire such as Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Xaver Scharwenka, York Bowen, and Federico Mompou.
His own compositions can be heard on a CD called Broken Branches, from BIS Records and on the Prince Consort's CD Other Love Songs on Linn Records. His second Piano Sonata (notturno luminoso) appears on his CD In The Night, and his cello sonata on a recital disc with Steven Isserlis. The Colorado Symphony Orchestra recorded his Missa Mirablis with Andrew Litton conducting.
Teaching and writing
He is a visiting professor of piano at the Royal Academy of Music in London and the International Chair of Piano Studies at the Royal Northern College of Music in Manchester. He is also on the faculty of the Juilliard School in New York.
He has written about his homosexuality and its relationship with both his music-making and his religion. For some 15 years, following his Catholic vocation, he lived a life of celibacy. In 2007 he published The Bible as Prayer: a handbook for lectio divina.
In 2008 he won the Sixth International Poetry Competition.
Hough's father was born an only child at Mayfield, a suburb of Newcastle, New South Wales, in 1926. Before his first birthday his mother took him to England, settling in the North, and leaving her husband behind in Australia. The boy was always told his father had died, but in fact the father lived for a further 30 years, working in the steel industry at Newcastle. He wrote his son letters, none of which he ever received. Stephen Hough says his assumption of Australian citizenship was in part a tribute to his father, who wanted to return to the land of his birth but was never able to before his death in 1980 at the age of 54.
- Hummel: Piano Concerto No. 3 in B minor, Op.89; Piano Concerto No. 2 in A minor, Op.85: English Chamber Orchestra (Chandos 1987)
- Stephen Hough: Liszt (Virgin Classics, 1988)
- My Favorite Things: Virtuoso Encores (Musicmasters, 1988; re-released by Virgin Classics as "The Piano Album 1")
- The Piano Album 2 (Virgin Classics, 1993)
- Xaver Scharwenka: Piano Concerto No. 4 in F minor and Emil von Sauer: Piano Concerto No.1 in E minor (City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra conducted by Lawrence Foster, Hyperion, 1994 CDA66790)
- Piano Music by York Bowen (Hyperion, 1996)
- Lowell Liebermann: Piano Concertos (Hyperion, 1997)
- Piano Music by Federico Mompou (Hyperion, 1997)
- Brahms: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 and 2, BBC Symphony Orchestra (Virgin Classics 1998)
- New York Variations (Hyperion, 1998)
- Stephen Hough's New Piano Album (Hyperion, 1999)
- Saint-Saëns: The Complete Works for Piano and Orchestra, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra (Hyperion, 2001)
- Stephen Hough's English Piano Album (Hyperion, 2002)
- Hummel: Piano Sonatas (Hyperion, 2003)
- Rachmaninoff: Piano Concertos Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4; Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini; Andrew Litton/Dallas Symphony Orchestra (Hyperion CDA67501/2)
- The Stephen Hough Piano Collection (Hyperion, 2005)
- Liszt: Années de pèlerinage – "Première Année: Suisse", S. 160 (Hyperion, 2005)
- Stephen Hough's Spanish Album (Hyperion 2006)
- George Tsontakis: Man of Sorrows for piano & orchestra (Hyperion, 2007)
- Mozart Album (Hyperion, 2007)
- Stephen Hough in recital (2009)
- Chopin: Late Masterpieces (Hyperion, 2010)
- Tchaikovsky: Complete music for piano and orchestra (Hyperion, 2010)
- Chopin: Complete Waltzes (Hyperion, 2011)
- Franz Liszt & Edvard Grieg: Piano Concertos (Hyperion, 2011)
- Stephen Hough: Broken Branches (BIS 2011)
- Stephen Hough's French Album (Hyperion,  CDA67890, 2012)
- Brahms: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 and 2, Mozarteum Orchestra Salzburg (Hyperion, 2013 CDA67961)
- Stephen Hough: In the Night – includes Robert Schumann's Carnaval and Hough's own Sonata No 2, 'Notturno luminoso' (Hyperion,  CDA67996, 2014)
- Edvard Grieg: Lyric Pieces (Hyperion,  CDA68070, 2015)
- Alexander Scriabin & Leoš Janáček: Sonatas & Poems (Hyperion,  CDA67895, 2015)
- Hough, Stephen (2009-05-24). "Hough? Where's that? – Telegraph Blogs". Blogs.telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- "Writings | Why I Became an Australian Citizen". StephenHough.com. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- "Classic FM Meets Stephen Hough". Classic FM. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
- "Stephen Hough, Desert Island Discs - BBC Radio 4". bbc.co.uk. 9 October 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "In Conversation with Stephen Hough". Royal Northern College of Music. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
- "With apologies to Bartok". Telegraph. 2007-01-21. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- "Stephen Hough becomes Nightingale Project Patron". The Nightingale Project. 12 July 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "The Irene Taylor Trust | Creating Music. Transforming Futures". Musicinprisons.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 2013.
- "New Year Honours 2014: list in full". Telegraph. 2013-12-30. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- "Stephen Hough - Broadbent GalleryBroadbent Gallery". Broadbentgallery.com. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- Nicholas Wroe. "Nicholas Wroe talks Tchaikovsky to pianist Stephen Hough | Music". Guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- "Stephen Hough, Frederic Chopin, None: Chopin: The Complete Waltzes: Music". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- "Hough: Broken Branches (Compostitions By Stephen Hough) (Bis: BISCD1952): Amazon.co.uk: Music". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- Stephen Hough. "An equal music" (PDF). Stephenhough.com. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- "The Way We Are Now: Gay and Lesbian Lives in the 21st Century: Amazon.co.uk: Ben Summerskill: 9780826487858: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- "hough prayer: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- "Sixth Poetry Competition Winners". Firstwriter.com. 2007-11-01. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- Kathy Evans, "Ties that bind", The Age, 13 September 2014, Spectrum, p. 19