Stephen Paddock

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Stephen Paddock
Stephen Craig Paddock.jpg
Paddock's photo from his girlfriend's Facebook page
Born Stephen Craig Paddock
(1953-04-09)April 9, 1953
Clinton, Iowa, U.S.
Died October 1, 2017(2017-10-01) (aged 64)
Paradise, Nevada, U.S.
Cause of death Suicide by self-inflicted gunshot
Occupation Accountant, real estate investor
Known for Perpetrator of the 2017 Las Vegas shooting
Parent(s) Benjamin Paddock
Date October 1, 2017
10:05 – 10:15 p.m.
Location(s) Las Vegas Strip, Paradise, Nevada, U.S.
Target(s) Route 91 Harvest music festival audience
Killed 59 (including himself)
Injured 851[1]

Stephen Craig Paddock (April 9, 1953 – October 1, 2017)[2] was an American mass murderer responsible for the 2017 Las Vegas shooting,[3][4][5] in which he opened fire into a crowd of approximately 22,000 concertgoers attending a country music festival on the Las Vegas Strip.[6][7] The incident is the deadliest mass shooting by a lone shooter in United States history, with 58 fatalities (excluding Paddock) and 851 injuries (including over 400 by gunfire).[1] Paddock committed suicide in his hotel room from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.[8]

Paddock lived in Mesquite, Nevada, and was a real-estate investor, property manager, retired accountant, amateur pilot, and avid video poker gambler.[9][10]

Early years and education[edit]

Paddock was born in Clinton, Iowa.[11][12] The family lived in Clinton at the time.[13][14] He grew up in Tucson, Arizona, and the Sun Valley neighborhood of Los Angeles, as the eldest of four sons of Benjamin Paddock.[15] Benjamin was a bank robber who was arrested in 1960 when Stephen was seven years old.[16] Benjamin was later convicted and escaped prison in 1969, subsequently appearing on the FBI's most-wanted list.[17] According to Stephen's brother, they never really knew their father as he was never with their mother.[6]

Paddock graduated from John H. Francis Polytechnic High School in 1971,[18] and from California State University, Northridge in 1977, with a degree in business administration.[19]

Career and gambling habits[edit]

Paddock worked as a letter carrier for the U.S. Postal Service from 1976 to 1978. After that, he worked as an Internal Revenue Service agent until 1984. Then, he was a federal auditor for one year, in 1985, focusing on defense contractors. Toward the end of the 1980s, Paddock worked for three years as an internal auditor for a company that later merged to form Lockheed Martin.[20] He is known to have run a real-estate business with his brother Eric.[21] He lived in the Greater Los Angeles Area and owned personal property in areas including Panorama City, Cerritos, and North Hollywood from the 1970s to early 2000s.[20][9] He also owned two apartment buildings in Hawthorne, California. In addition, he owned an apartment complex in Mesquite, Texas, which he sold in 2012.[9]

Relatives said Paddock was worth at least US$2 million when he sold off the real-estate business.[22][23] Among his most profitable investments was an apartment complex purchased in 2004, which gave him more than $500,000 in annual income by 2011. IRS records show he made $5–6 million in profits from its sale in 2015.[24]

Paddock was an avid gambler,[25] and although the extent to which he profited from it is not clear, his reported gambling winnings might have been substantial.[24][26] He was sometimes seen in high-limit rooms, but he was not well known among high-stakes gamblers in Las Vegas and was not considered a "whale" by the casinos.[27] His game of choice was video poker, which he had played for over 25 years.[27][28] He usually gambled after dark and slept during the day; he disliked being out in the sun.[29]

Personal life[edit]

Paddock was married and divorced twice. He was first married from 1977 to 1979, and for the second time from 1985 to 1990, both marriages in Los Angeles County, California.[6] Family members say he stayed on good terms with his ex-wives.[30] His brother Eric said that Stephen had no political or religious affiliations of any kind.[6][31][32] His third and final wife explained he was an atheist Trump supporter.[33]

Paddock lived in Texas and in California,[15][34] and then in a retirement community in Melbourne, Florida, from 2013 to 2015.[6] In 2016, he moved from Florida to another retirement home in Mesquite, Nevada.[6][35] According to property records, he bought a new house in Mesquite in January 2015,[36] and sold his two-bedroom home in Melbourne.[22] Paddock lived in Mesquite for several years with his girlfriend whom he met in Reno, Nevada.[36] According to neighbors, they also lived together in Reno.[34] Many Mesquite residents recalled only seeing him around town; those familiar with Paddock described him as someone who did not speak much and kept a low profile. The local gun owner community never saw him at any of the gun clubs or shooting ranges, including makeshift ones in the nearby desert.[37]

An Australian acquaintance said he met Paddock in the United States and in the Philippines. He described Paddock as intelligent and methodical. In his account, Paddock claimed to have won a lot of money by applying algorithms to gambling on machines. Paddock was conversant in gun laws and in defending his view of the Second Amendment. The acquaintance considered Paddock a generous man whenever he and his girlfriend visited him.[38]

In 2010, Paddock applied for and received a United States passport.[39] He went on 20 cruise ship voyages, visiting several foreign ports including in Spain, Italy, Greece, Jordan, and the United Arab Emirates. He was accompanied by his girlfriend on nine of them.[40] They went to the Philippines together in 2013 and 2014.[41] During the last year of his life, they traveled on a cruise to the Middle East.[42] Paddock had his pilot's license since at least 2004 and owned two small planes.[10][43]

Paddock's only recorded interaction with law enforcement was a minor traffic citation years before the shooting, which he settled in court.[44][45] According to court records, Paddock also sued the Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas in September 2012, claiming he "slipped and fell on an obstruction on the floor" and was injured as a result; the lawsuit was dismissed with prejudice in October 2014.[44]

Leading up to the shooting[edit]

During his last months, Paddock reportedly smelled of alcohol from early morning,[30][46] and was despondent according to others.[30] He was reported to have filled prescriptions for the anti-anxiety drug Valium, in 2013[29] and 2016, as well as the highest dose of 50 tablets 10-milligrams each four months before the shooting in June 2017.[47] The chief medical officer of the Las Vegas Recovery Center said the effects of the drug can be magnified by alcohol,[47] as confirmed by Dr. Michael First, a clinical psychiatry professor at Columbia University.[47][48][49][50]

During an interview with local CBS affiliate KLAS-TV, Clark County Sheriff Joe Lombardo said Paddock had reportedly been losing "a significant amount of wealth" since September 2015, which led to him having "bouts of depression".[51][52][53]

Paddock's gun purchases spiked significantly between October 2016 and September 28, 2017, just 2 days before the shooting. He purchased over 55 firearms, the majority of them rifles, according to Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. He also purchased a number of firearm-related accessories. Prior to that, he purchased approximately 29 firearms between 1982 and September 2016, mainly handguns and shotguns.[54][55]

At his suggestion, two weeks before the attack, his girlfriend went to her native country, the Philippines. Paddock bought her a surprise airline ticket and soon after wired her $100,000 to buy a house there.[56] He was spotted in Las Vegas with another woman, reported by investigators to be a prostitute.[57] It has been confirmed that she was not an accomplice and was not considered a suspect. Her name has not been released.[58] Two days prior to the shooting, Paddock was recorded by a home surveillance system driving alone to an area for target practice located near his home.[59]

In a jailhouse interview with an unemployed chef who claimed that he had offered to sell Paddock schematics for automatic firearms,[60] the chef said that Paddock had spoken of anti-government conspiracies, and had claimed FEMA's actions after Hurricane Katrina were "a dry run for law enforcement and military to start kickin’ down doors and … confiscating guns." The man went on to say he thought Paddock was "another internet nut, you know, watching too much of it and believing too much of it."[61]

Las Vegas shooting[edit]

Video recording of the attack, Mandalay Bay[62]

On the night of October 1, 2017, at 10:05 p.m., Paddock opened fire from his hotel room onto a large crowd of concertgoers at the Route 91 Harvest music festival on the Las Vegas Strip in Las Vegas, Nevada, killing 58 people and wounding 851 others.[1]

Paddock meticulously planned the attack.[63] On September 25, six days before the shooting, he checked into a room on the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay Hotel[64] with 10 range bags and a computer. On September 29, he moved into another suite connected to the first one; both rooms overlooked the festival grounds. He stayed in both in the days leading up to the shooting.[55] After Paddock killed himself, the police found 23 rifles and one handgun inside his room.[65][66] They included 14 .223-caliber AR-15-type rifles, seven .308-caliber AR-10-type rifles, one .308-caliber Ruger American bolt-action rifle, and one .38-caliber Smith & Wesson Model 342 revolver,[67] all very expensive, according to a law enforcement source.[68] His arsenal included a large quantity of ammunition in special high-capacity magazines, holding up to 75,[68] or up to 100 cartridges each.[69] Some of the rifles were resting on bipods,[68] and were equipped with high-tech telescopic sights.[70][71] All fourteen AR-15-type rifles were outfitted with bump fire stocks that allow semiautomatic rifles to fire rapidly, simulating fully-automatic gunfire.[67][72] Audio recordings of the attack indicated Paddock used these stocks to fire at the crowd in rapid succession.[62][73][74]

At some point during the attack on the concertgoers, Paddock – who had placed a baby monitor camera on a service cart outside his room – fired about 200 rounds through his door. The shots wounded approaching hotel security guard Jesus Campos. The unarmed Campos had attempted to enter the 32nd floor first at 9:59 p.m. on an unrelated matter, but he found the door to the hallway screwed shut by Paddock.[67][75] At 10:05 p.m., Paddock began firing thousands of rounds in rapid succession at the crowd below. He stopped shooting ten minutes later at 10:15 p.m.[64][76] It is unclear why.[54]

According to chronology of the events established by the authorities in the following days, the first two police officers reached the 32nd floor of the hotel at 10:17 p.m. A minute later, they were shown the location of his door. Between 10:26 and 10:30 p.m., an additional eight LVMPD officers joined them and began clearing other suites along the 32nd floor hallway. At 10:55 p.m., eight SWAT team members entered the 32nd floor through the second stairwell nearest to Paddock's suite.[77] Once all the other rooms on the floor had been cleared, at 11:20 p.m. more than an hour after the first two officers arrived,[78][79] and 65 minutes after Paddock had ceased firing, the police breached his door with an explosive charge and entered the room.[77] Paddock was found dead inside his suite from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head.[8][80]


In addition to the firearms and accessories found in Paddock's hotel room, there was a note that reportedly included handwritten calculations about where he needed to aim to maximize his accuracy.[81][82] The note contained only the actual distance to the target, his own elevation, and the bullet trajectory relative to the line of fire.[83] There were also a number of laptops in the suite, one of which was missing a hard drive.[53] Computer forensics discovered hundreds of images of child pornography.[84] Coincidentally his brother Bruce was arrested in North Hollywood on charges of possessing over 600 child pornography images.[85][86]

Ammonium nitrate, often used in improvised explosive devices, was found in the trunk of his car, along with 1,600 rounds of ammunition and 50 pounds (23 kilograms) of tannerite, a binary explosive used to make explosive targets for gun ranges.[63][87] However, investigators clarified that while Paddock had "nefarious intent" with the material, he did not appear to have assembled an explosive device.[88][89] An additional 19 firearms were found at his home.[54]

According to police, Paddock acted alone. His motive remains unknown.[90][91][92][93] The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) claimed responsibility, but United States law enforcement officials have given no evidence of a connection between Paddock and ISIL.[42] There has been some discussion around brain pathology initially thought to be benign as a possible contributor.[94][95] Paddock's remains were sent to Stanford University to receive a more extensive analysis of his brain.[96] The Stanford pathologists found no abnormalities present with the brain.[97]

Investigators believe that he was obsessed with cleanliness and possibly had bipolar disorder. Although a doctor did offer him antidepressants, he only accepted anxiety medication. The doctor also described Paddock as "odd" and showing "little emotion". It was reported that he was fearful of medication and often refused to take it.[55][98]


  1. ^ a b c Torres-Cortez, Ricardo (January 19, 2018). "Sheriff: Person of interest part of Strip shooting probe; Paddock had child porn". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  2. ^ Maglio, Tony (October 2, 2017). "Stephen Paddock: What we know about Las Vegas mass shooter". TheWrap. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  3. ^ McCarthy, Andrew C. (October 2, 2017). "Is the Las Vegas Mass-Murderer a Terrorist?". National Review. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  4. ^ Law, James (October 3, 2017). "What we know about Las Vegas mass murderer Stephen Paddock". The Queensland Times. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  5. ^ "Gun shop owner's chilling revelation about the Las Vegas mass murderer". Yahoo! News Australia. October 3, 2017. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Grinberg, Emanuella (October 6, 2017). "Something went 'incredibly wrong' with Las Vegas gunman, brother says". CNN. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  7. ^ Adams, Char (October 2, 2017). "Jason Aldean Ran from Stage When Las Vegas Gunman Opened Fire: 'Tonight Has Been Beyond Horrific'". People magazine. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  8. ^ a b Moore, Jack (October 5, 2017). "Vegas shooter Stephen Paddock planned to escape but killed himself as the SWAT team moved in". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  9. ^ a b c Vives, Ruben; Ryan, Harriet; Serna, Joseph (October 2, 2017). "The mystery of Stephen Paddock — gambler, real estate investor, mass killer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  10. ^ a b Delkic, Melina (October 2, 2017). "Stephen Paddock Motive Unknown: Was a Pilot, Professional Gambler and a Quiet Neighbor". Newsweek. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  11. ^ "Las Vegas shooter Stephen Paddock born in Clinton, Iowa, records show". Quad-City Times. October 6, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  12. ^ Prendergast, Curt (October 2, 2017). "Las Vegas shooter lived in Tucson as young boy, brother says". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  13. ^ Nelson, David (8 October 2017). "Las Vegas gunman was born in Quad Cities Area". KWQC.
  14. ^ Levine, Scott (6 October 2017). "Birth certificate: Las Vegas shooter was born in Clinton". Clinton Herald.
  15. ^ a b Williams, Pete; Connor, Tracy; Rosenblatt, Kalhan; Winter, Tom (October 2, 2017). "Las Vegas Shooter Stephen Paddock Had Recent Large Gambling Transactions". NBC News.
  16. ^ "Las Vegas shooter Stephen Paddock was born in Clinton". The Des Moines Register. October 6, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  17. ^ Shelbourne, Mallory (October 2, 2017). "Las Vegas suspect's father was bank robber on FBI Most Wanted list". The Hill. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  18. ^ Chou, Elizabeth (October 2, 2017). "Suspected Las Vegas shooter graduated from Sun Valley high school". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  19. ^ Woods, Wes (October 3, 2017). "Las Vegas shooter Stephen Paddock was a CSUN graduate, university confirms". The Orange County Register. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  20. ^ a b Medina, Jennifer; Pérez-Peña, Richard; Goldman, Adam (October 3, 2017). "Meticulous Planning by Las Vegas Gunman Before He Opened Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  21. ^ Kirby, Jen; Hartmann, Margaret (October 5, 2017). "What We Know About Las Vegas Gunman Stephen Paddock". Daily Intelligencer. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  22. ^ a b Tuttle, Brad (October 4, 2017). "Las Vegas Shooter Stephen Paddock Had an Unusual Financial Life. Here's What We Know". Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  23. ^ Allen, Nick (October 4, 2017). "Las Vegas gunman pictured dead on hotel room floor alongside weapons, camera and final note". The Daily Telegraph. Yahoo! News. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  24. ^ a b Allen, Jonathan; Ax, Joseph (October 8, 2017). "What funded Las Vegas gunman's deadly weapons collection". Reuters. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  25. ^ Higgins, Tucker (October 6, 2017). "Las Vegas gunman earned millions as a gambler: NBC". CNBC. Retrieved October 8, 2017. Paddock 'earned at least $5 million in 2015' the NBC said,' according to IRS summary earnings records.
  26. ^ Hunt, Kasie; Winter, Tom; Al Maguer, Miguel; Williams, Pete; McCausland, Phil (October 6, 2017). "Police 'Confident' No One Else in Shooter's Room Before Las Vegas Attack". NBC News. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
  27. ^ a b John Branch (October 4, 2017). "Stephen Paddock Chased Gambling's Payouts and Perks". New York Times. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  28. ^ Montero, David; Winton, Richard; Vives, Ruben (October 9, 2017). "In the solitary world of video poker, Stephen Paddock knew how to win. Until he didn't". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  29. ^ a b Glover, Scott; Lat, Kyung (October 9, 2017). "Exclusive: Vegas killer described his unusual habits in 2013 testimony". CNN. Retrieved October 29, 2017.
  30. ^ a b c Geller, Adam; Balsamo, Michael; Cooper, Jonathan; Melley, Brian (October 7, 2017). "Stephen Paddock: Las Vegas shooter was 'the king of microaggression', brother says". The Independent. Retrieved October 7, 2017. Others who crossed paths with Paddock in recent months described him as despondent and smelling of alcohol.
  31. ^ Brown, Soni; Dillon, Nancy; McShane, Larry (October 2, 2017). "Las Vegas gunman Stephen Paddock was 'not an avid gun guy at all,' brother says". New York Daily News. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
  32. ^ Sampathkumar, Mythili (October 2, 2017). "Stephen Paddock's brother speaks out after worst mass shooting in US history: 'We're horrified'". The Independent. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
  33. ^ Amber Jamieson (August 3, 2018). "The Las Vegas Mass Shooting Investigation Has Closed Without Police Finding A Motive". BuzzFeed. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
  34. ^ a b "Who is Stephen Paddock? Las Vegas gunman's father was 'psychopathic' bank robber on FBI most-wanted list". The Washington Post. October 2, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  35. ^ Smart, Christopher (October 3, 2017). "In Mesquite, Nev., neighbors are shocked that the Las Vegas shooter lived among them". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  36. ^ a b Allen, Jonathan; Dobuzinski, Alex (October 4, 2017). "Las Vegas gunman 'doted' on girlfriend but may have kept secrets". Reuters. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  37. ^ Brean, Henry; Millward, Wade Tyler; Lopez, Sandy (October 7, 2017). "Resident or not, Paddock left little imprint on Mesquite". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  38. ^ Robertson, Joshua; Smith, David (October 4, 2017). "Las Vegas shooter recalled as intelligent gambler well-versed on gun rights". The Guardian. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  39. ^ Shapiro, Emily; Allen, Karma (October 4, 2017). "Chaos of Las Vegas massacre seen in newly released police bodycam footage". ABC News. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  40. ^ Lah, Kyung; Glover, Scott (October 6, 2017). "Las Vegas shooter took 20 cruises, some to foreign ports". CNN. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  41. ^ Balsamo, Michael; Ritter, Ken; Gomez, Jim (October 4, 2017). "Vegas gunman visited Philippines at least twice". Associated Press. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  42. ^ a b Blake, Sarah (October 8, 2017). "Stephen Paddock had recently been on a cruise to the Middle East". The Australian. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  43. ^ Liston, Barbara (October 2, 2017). "Las Vegas gunman Stephen Paddock was a high-stakes gambler who 'kept to himself' before massacre". Washington Post. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  44. ^ a b Levine, Daniel S. (October 2, 2017). "Las Vegas Shooter Stephen Paddock Filed Lawsuit Against Casino". Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  45. ^ "Who is Stephen Paddock? Las Vegas gunman's father was 'psychopathic' bank robber on FBI most-wanted list". National Post. October 3, 2017. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  46. ^ "Police: Despite 1,000 leads, still no clear motive in Las Vegas mass shooting". CBS News. CNN Wire. October 6, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2017. Every time he had come in [for a haircut], always early in the morning, he had smelled of strong liquor.
  47. ^ a b c Harasim, Paul (October 7, 2017). "Drug given to Paddock calms some, provokes others, experts say". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
    —— (October 3, 2017). "Las Vegas Strip shooter prescribed anti-anxiety drug in June". Las Vegas Review-Journal.
  48. ^ Hayes, Christal (October 9, 2017). "Las Vegas Gunman Had a Valium Habit, Would Gamble $1 Million a Night". Newsweek. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
  49. ^ Osborne, Mark; Ross, Brian; Margolin, Josh; Galli, Cindy; Francescani, Chris; Jacobo, Julia (October 6, 2017). "5 days after Las Vegas massacre many questions remain, few answers". ABC News. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  50. ^ Ramsey, Lydia (October 6, 2017). "The Las Vegas shooter was reportedly prescribed a common anxiety medication — here's what you need to know about it". Business Insider. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  51. ^ Hayes, Christal (November 3, 2017). "Las Vegas Gunman Was a Trump Supporter, Happy With President Because Stock Was Doing Well". Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  52. ^ Apgar, Blake (November 2, 2017). "Las Vegas gunman Stephen Paddock lost money in 2 years preceding shooting". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
  53. ^ a b "Las Vegas shooter Stephen Paddock had lost money, been depressed, sheriff says". CBS News. Associated Press. November 4, 2017. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
  54. ^ a b c Ross, Brian; Schwartz, Rhonda; Meek, James Gordon; Margolin, Josh; Hill, James (October 12, 2017). "Las Vegas shooter was preparing for siege with authorities, sources say". ABC News. Retrieved October 12, 2017.
  55. ^ a b c "LVMPD Preliminary Investigative Report 1 October / Mass Casualty Shooting Event: 171001-3519" (PDF). Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department. January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
  56. ^ Ritter, Ken; Balsamo, Michael; Melley, Brian (October 4, 2017). "Las Vegas shooting: Marilou Danley knew nothing about plans for attack, lawyer says". The Associated Press. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  57. ^ Italiano, Laura (October 6, 2017). "Investigators say mystery woman seen with Vegas gunman is a hooker". New York Post. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  58. ^ Francis, Nathan (October 7, 2017). "Stephen Paddock 'Mystery Woman' Identified: Woman Seen With Las Vegas Gunman Was Prostitute, Not An Accomplice". Inquisitr. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
  59. ^ Pentchoukov, Ivan (October 7, 2017). "Vegas Shooter May Have Had Target Practice Two Days Before Massacre". Epoch Times. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
  60. ^ Callahan, Joyce Lupiani, Chris Seper, Joe Bartels, Katherine Jarvis, Bryan (2018-05-17). "Interesting details about mass shooter contained in 1 October documents released May 16". KTNV. Retrieved 2018-09-19.
  61. ^ Raymond, Adam. "Witnesses: Stephen Paddock Ranted About a Government Plot to Seize Guns Prior to Las Vegas Shooting". Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  62. ^ a b Keneally, Meghan (October 2, 2017). "Guns, loaded high-capacity magazines found in Vegas shooter's room: Sources". ABC News. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  63. ^ a b "Vegas shooter 'disturbed, dangerous', stockpiled weapons for decades: police". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. October 5, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  64. ^ a b Pearce, Matt (October 9, 2017). "Las Vegas gunman shot security guard a full six minutes before opening fire on concertgoers, police reveal". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 29, 2017.
  65. ^ "Multiple Weapons Found in Las Vegas Gunman's Hotel Room". The New York Times. October 2, 2017. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  66. ^ "ATF: Las Vegas shooter had 12 guns modified to mimic automatics – live updates". CBS News. Associated Press. October 3, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  67. ^ a b c "Las Vegas shooting: This is what investigators found in Stephen Paddock's hotel room". KTNV-TV. January 19, 2018. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
  68. ^ a b c Fonrouge, Gabrielle; Celona, Larry; Fears, Danika (October 3, 2017). "The 'tricked out' guns Las Vegas shooter used in massacre". The New York Post. Retrieved October 3, 2017. Paddock's AR-15 rifle had a forward front grip ... high-powered weapons included a .308-caliber AR-10 rifle and an AK-47-type rifle — as well as four Daniel Defense DDM4 rifles, three FN-15s and other rifles made by Sig Sauer and Lewis Machine & Tool, all very expensive. Also in: Horton, Alex; Barrett, Devlin (October 3, 2017). "The Las Vegas shooter modified a dozen rifles to shoot like automatic weapons". Washington Post. Retrieved October 3, 2017. High number of firearms found at the hotel suggest a concern for overheating rifle barrels. Also in: National Post Wire Services (October 3, 2017). "Room 32135: Stephen Paddock had 23 guns, purchased legally, in his Las Vegas suite". Retrieved October 3, 2017. Investigators found 23 guns in his hotel room and 19 more at his home in Mesquite ... The arsenal in his hotel room included: 4 DDM4 rifles, 3 FN-15 rifles, one handgun, one AK-47 and one Colt AR-15, all legally acquired.
  69. ^ Dugan, Kevin (October 4, 2017). "High-capacity magazine used by Vegas shooter in high demand". The New York Post. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  70. ^ Palazzolo, Joe; Elinson, Zusha (October 2, 2017). "Las Vegas Gunman Had Arsenal in Hotel Room". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 2, 2017. (subscription required)
  71. ^ Delreal, Jose A.; Bromwich, Jonah Engel (October 2, 2017). "Stephen Paddock, Las Vegas Gunman, Was a Gambler Who Drew Little Attention". The New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  72. ^ Pane, Lisa Marie (October 5, 2017). "Once an obscure device, 'bump stocks' are in the spotlight". Associated Press. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  73. ^ Beckett, Lois (October 2, 2017). "Las Vegas gunman may have used special device to fire faster, expert says". The Guardian. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  74. ^ Chivers, C.J.; Gibbons-Neff, Thomas; Goldman, Adam (October 2, 2017). "Gunman's Vantage Point and Preparations Opened the Way for Mass Slaughter". The New York Times. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  75. ^ Turkewitz, Julie; Goldman, Adam (October 13, 2017). "Another Shift in Las Vegas Timeline Caps. Days of Confusion". The New York Times. Retrieved October 13, 2017. – An earlier report based on unrevised version of the events can be found at: Winsor, Morgan; Jacobo, Julia; Margolin, Josh (October 5, 2017). "Las Vegas shooter booked hotel overlooking Lollapalooza". ABC News.
  76. ^ "Las Vegas massacre gunman fired more than 1,100 rounds, sheriff says". Fox News. Associated Press. November 23, 2017. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
  77. ^ a b "Here's a timeline of the Las Vegas shooting — with the crucial detail police left out last time". The Los Angeles Times. October 9, 2017. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
  78. ^ "Why did it take police so long to breach Las Vegas gunman's room? Here's a new timeline". Los Angeles Times. October 4, 2017. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  79. ^ Hayes, Christal (October 2, 2017). "Las Vegas Shooting: Cops Took More Than An Hour to Storm Gunman's Room". Newsweek. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  80. ^ Blankstein, Andrew; Winter, Tom; Dienst, Jonathan; Johnson, Alex; Fitzpatrick, Sarah; Siemaszko, Corky (October 4, 2017). "Marilou Danley, Las Vegas Gunman's Girlfriend, Says She Had No Idea". NBC News. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  81. ^ "Note in Las Vegas gunman's hotel room included details of bullet trajectory". CBS News. October 7, 2017. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
  82. ^ Hanna, Jason; Almasy, Steve; McKirdy, Euan; Rehbein, Matt (October 7, 2017). "Source: Las Vegas shooter left behind calculations for targeting crowd". CNN. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
  83. ^ Da Silva, Chantal (October 8, 2017). "Police reveal chilling details of note left by Las Vegas gunman". The Independent. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  84. ^ Ken Ritter (January 19, 2018). "Vegas gunman studied SWAT tactics, music site before attack". Associated Press. Retrieved January 19, 2018 – via Yahoo! News.
  85. ^ NBCNews (October 26, 2017). "Vegas Gunman Stephen Paddock's Brother Arrested in Child Porn Probe".
  86. ^ (October 25, 2017). "A brother of the Las Vegas shooter has been arrested on child pornography charges".
  87. ^ Chia, Jessica (October 4, 2017). "Las Vegas mass shooter fired at aviation fuel tanks". Daily News. New York. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  88. ^ Almaguer, Miguel; Winter, Tom; Hunt, Kasie; Helsel, Phil (October 7, 2017). "Answer to Question in Las Vegas Massacre, 'Why?', Elusive So Far". NBC News. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
  89. ^ Branch, John; Medina, Jennifer; Smith, Mitch; Paddock, Richard C.; Stolberg, Sheryl Gay; Pérez-Peña, Richard; Mele, Christopher; Bromwich, Jonah Engel (October 6, 2017). "Las Vegas Shooting: At a Loss on Motive, F.B.I. Turns to Billboards for Leads". The New York Times. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
  90. ^ Law, James (October 3, 2017). "What we know about Las Vegas shooter Stephen Paddock". Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  91. ^ Yan, Holly; Victor, Philip; Simon, Darran (October 2, 2017). "Weapons cache found at Las Vegas shooter's home". CNN. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  92. ^ Mitchell, Robert; Chu, Henry (October 2, 2017). "Suspect Named in Las Vegas Shooting, Motive Still Unclear". Variety. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  93. ^ "Stephen Paddock: What we know about Vegas shooter, 'high stakes gambler'". Fox News Channel. October 2, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  94. ^ Eagleman, David (October 5, 2017). "The mystery of Stephen Paddock's brain". CNN. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  95. ^ Ferner, Matt (March 31, 2018). "6 Months After The Vegas Shooting, We Still Don't Know What Motivated The Killer". Huffington Post. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
  96. ^ "The Latest: Coroner: Stanford to study body of Vegas shooter". ABC News. ABC. October 13, 2017. Archived from the original on October 17, 2017. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
  97. ^ "Las Vegas Gunman's Brain Exam Only Deepens Mystery of His Actions". Retrieved 2018-09-19.
  98. ^ "Las Vegas Gunman Was Germophobe, Possibly Bipolar". Snopes. January 20, 2018. Retrieved January 20, 2018.