Stephen Payne (naval architect)
Stephen Payne, OBE, is a British naval architect. He has worked on the designs of approximately 40 passenger ships for the Carnival Corporation, including the Cunard ocean liner RMS Queen Mary 2. He is currently an independent maritime consultant and is an educational advocate for engineering careers.
Background and education
Stephen Michael Payne was born in London, England circa 1960.:12 Although Payne had had an interest in ship design since childhood, he entered Imperial College London as a student of chemistry. He was later advised to pursue his life interest, and he transferred to the University of Southampton to study ship science. While there, he also enrolled in the University Royal Naval Unit to experience how ships responded at sea. After graduating in 1984 with a B.Sc.(Hons) in ship science, he accepted a position at Marconi Radar. His role was to advise the company on aspects of ship motion and ship design.
Payne began his work with Carnival Corporation in January 1985 when employed by Technical Marine Planning, Ltd, then a London-based consultancy firm under contract with Carnival for the design and construction supervision of its new ships. (By 1995 the firm was absorbed into Carnival and became its newbuild department.) His first assignment was to assess stability of the MS Holiday.:14 He next became a member of the design team for the Carnival Fantasy class ships which entered service starting in 1990. The last two Fantasy ships, Elation and Paradise, were equipped with ABB Azipod thrusters rather than traditional shaft drives, a development which influenced his later work. His next major project was the design of Holland America Line’s new flagship MS Rotterdam VI where he was project manager. Payne designed the new ship with twin funnels, a tribute to the 1959 SS Rotterdam V. Following completion of the Rotterdam, Payne was project manager for the Costa Atlantica and the Spirit class ships.:14
In May 1998 Carnival acquired the Cunard Line, and Payne was given charge of designing the new ocean liner Queen Mary 2 (QM2) to replace the aging Queen Elizabeth 2 as Cunard's transatlantic liner.:15 Payne's design was heavily influenced by past Atlantic liners. "I have this philosophy that to get things right the first-time, you need to have an appreciation for history - of what has been done before."  QM2 has a breakwater adopted from the Normandie and split engine rooms to avoid having a single point of failure. "The bridge, the mast, and the funnel are all loosely based on the Queen Elizabeth 2 and I felt it particularly important to echo some of the similarities between that ship and this one to create the lineage progression."  On three occasions Carnival's board halted the project as they did not consider it commercially viable. Payne refined the design and instituted several innovations to justify the new liner's construction cost. He placed the new ship's public spaces near the water line. This allowed for a premium fare balcony, rather than porthole, cabins to be placed in the hull yet high enough to have a margin of protection from the sea conditions of the north Atlantic. Payne also created more revenue-producing interior space by removing one engine room from the initial design and instead using gas turbines at the base of the funnel. Podded propulsion, rather than shaft drives, was used to free up even more interior space and offered greater fuel efficiency and maneuverability. Spectacular public rooms, restricted to only first class passengers on the great twentieth century liners, were open to all passengers. QM2 was delivered to Cunard in December 2003, on time and under budget.
During the design phase of Queen Mary 2 Payne was appointed a member of a safety Innovation Group for the UK Maritime and Coastguard Agency. His next major project was to lead the design team for the Seabourn Cruise Line Odyssey class ships which entered service starting in 2009. Carnival's later newbuild contracts would stipulate podded propulsion as they offered fuel savings and superior maneuverability compared to traditional shaft drives. Payne would later state, "I have yet to meet a ship's master who is familiar with pods that doesn't prefer them to shafts, rudders and stern thrusters."
In 2010, Payne left Carnival and the following year formed his own consultancy, PFJ-Maritime Consulting Ltd. As a maritime consultant Payne has been involved in the proposed Project Orient Limited, shipping law, passenger vessel safety, and future developments for shipping propulsion. He is also an industry consultant for the emergence of Asian shipyards for ship building and refurbishment.
Payne served as a governor of Quilley School prior to its merger with Crestwood College. He was a founder of Future Engineers, an educational outreach program which promotes awareness of engineering careers for youth. In 2011, Payne became a member of the Board of Trustees of the Webb Institute (Glen Cove, New York). In 2012 HRH Princess Anne launched STEMIT (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics), a program to provide skill and experience opportunities for science students. Payne is currently President of The National STEM Skills Passport.
Awards and honors
- 2006, granted a Special Achievement Award from the Royal Academy of Engineering
- 2006, Elected a Royal Designer for Industry (RDI) for engineering design.
- 2007, he received an Honorary Doctorate of Science from the University of Southampton (HonPhD, Science).
- 2007-2010, he served as President of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects (FRINA).
- 2008, elected a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering (FREng).
- 2010-2014, served as a Trustee of the Southampton Cultural Development Trust.
- 2011, The Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers awarded him the Vice Admiral Emory S. "Jerry" Land Medal (VADM) for Outstanding Accomplishment in the Marine Field.
- 2015, awarded an Honorary Doctor of Science from the University of Winchester. 
- Grande Dame: Holland America Line and the S.S. Rotterdam ISBN 978-0903055123 (1990)
- MS Statendam: Continuing "A Tradition of Excellence" ASIN B000OLKCLC (1992)
- RMS Queen Mary 2 Manual: An insight into the design, construction and operation of the world's largest ocean liner ISBN 978-0857332448 (2014)
- The Liner - Retrospective & Renaissance ISBN 978-1844860494 (2005)
- Cunarder - Maritime Paintings ISBN 978-0954366643 (2005)
- 175 Years of Cunard ISBN 978-0752489261 (2015)
- Payne, Stephen M. (March 2006). "True Liner: The Creation of the Queen Mary 2" (PDF). INGENIA, The Royal Academy of Engineering (26): 38–42. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- Payne, Stephen (2014). RMS Queen Mary 2 Manual: An insight into the design, construction and operation of the world's largest ocean liner. Somerset, UK: Haynes Publishing. ISBN 978-0857332448.
- "Alumni Profile - Stephen Payne". University of Southampton. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- Coelius, Robert. "About the Speaker - Titanic revisited: 1912-2014". MconneX Lecture, Michigan Engineering. University of Michigan. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- Payne, Stephen M. (1990). Grande Dame : Holland America Line and the S.S. Rottendam. Rina Ltd. p. 132. ISBN 978-0903055123.
- Mathisen, Oivind. "A Ship For The Sea". Cruise Industry News Quarterly Magazine: Winter 2003-2004. Cruise Industry News. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- Payne, Stephen (10 July 2015). Britannia Revisited - A Designer's Perspective (video). Cunard Line. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
- Payne, Stephen (June 16, 2012). Webb Institute Commencement 2012 (43:38) (Speech). Webb Institute - One hundred and Sixteenth Annual Commencement. Glen Cove, NY. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- "How the QM2 team built a floating revolution". Horizons (Lloyd's Register). May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
- Ernest, Blum (March 16, 2001). "British safety panel offers lifeboat alternative". Northstar Travel Media, LLC. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- "Opinion - Current State of Podded Propulsion". Cruise Critic - Archived Q&A with Stephen Payne, September 25, 2013. The Independent Traveler, Inc. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- "Southampton to Sydney by ship: Plans to launch new service gather momentum". Daily Mail Online. 2 November 2012. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- Tweed, James. "LSLC Cadwallader Symposium. From Titanic to Concordia: the Achilles Heel of Passenger Ships". London Shipping Law Center. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
- "BC Shipping News, May 2013". Nautical Institute Conference, Victoria, BC, Canada. McIvor Communications Inc. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "Future Ship Powering Options: Exploring Alternative Methods of Ship Propulsion" (PDF). Royal Academy of Engineering. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- "Asian Yards Need to Step Up for 2020 Projections to Come to Fruition". Seatrade-Insider.com. Seatrade Communications Limited. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
- "Titanic challenge for students". Hampshire Chronicle (High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK). February 10, 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "PFJ Maritime Team". PFJ Maritime. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- "WebbNews Winter 2011-2012". Magazine of the Webb Institute. Webb Institute. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- "STEM Skills Passport". stemit.org.uk. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- "Queen's Birthday Honours". The Telegraph (UK). 12 June 2004. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- "Special Achievement Award 2006". Prizes and Medals. Royal Academy of Engineering. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
- "Current Royal Designers". The RSA (Official Site). The RSA (Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce). Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- Kennedy, Clare (16 July 2007). "Honorary degrees to recognise outstanding achievements". Daily Echo. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
- "2014 Council of the Institution - Past Presidents". Royal Institution of Naval Architects. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
- "Membership - Fellow (FRINA)". Membership Requirements - Royal Institution of Naval Architects. RINA. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- Sutton, Jane (July 9, 2008). "Academy announces new Fellows for 2008" (Press release). London SW1Y 5DG: The Royal Academy of Engineering. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
- "Trustees - Culture Southampton". Southampton Cultural Development Trust. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- "VADM Land Medal - Recipients". The Society of Naval Architects & Marine Engineers. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- "Inspirational figures celebrated at University of Winchester Graduation ceremonies" (Press release). Winchester SO22 4NR, UK: Press Office, University of Winchester. October 17, 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- "Egg Project Team". Stephen Turner's Exbury Egg. SPUD Group. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- PFJ-Maritime Consulting Ltd.
- Future EngineersURL taken by a USA-based organization
- Career Advice On Becoming A Naval Architect by Stephen Payne